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ARMY POLYTECHNIC SCHOOL DEPARMENT OF LANGUAGES APPLIED LINGUISTICS IN ENGLISH PROGRAM PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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ARMY POLYTECHNIC SCHOOL DEPARMENT OF LANGUAGES APPLIED LINGUISTICS IN ENGLISH PROGRAM Researchers : Teresa de Jesús Jiménez B. Víctor Hugo Herrera O. LOJA-ECUADOR. RESEARCH DISSERTATION. THEME:

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ARMY POLYTECHNIC SCHOOL DEPARMENT OF LANGUAGES APPLIED LINGUISTICS IN ENGLISH PROGRAM

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Army polytechnic school deparment of languages applied linguistics in english program

ARMY POLYTECHNIC SCHOOL

DEPARMENT OF LANGUAGES

APPLIED LINGUISTICS IN ENGLISH PROGRAM

Researchers: Teresa de Jesús Jiménez B.

Víctor Hugo Herrera O.

LOJA-ECUADOR


Research dissertation

RESEARCH DISSERTATION

THEME:

Lack of motivation and its incidence in the English learning process to develop the communicative competences for students of fifth courses at “Saraguro” Technical Institute term 2007-2008


Army polytechnic school deparment of languages applied linguistics in english program

CHAPTERI

JUSTIFICATION

SUMMARY

PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION

PROBLEM SETTING

VARIABLE WORKING

OBJECTIVES

LACK OF MOTIVATION

MAIN PROBLEM

INDEPENDENT VARIABLE

GENERAL

INTRODUCTION

DEPENDENT VARIABLE

SECUNDARY PROBLEM

CAUSE

EFFECT

ESPECÍFICS


Summary

SUMMARY

  • SELECT THE SUBJECT

  • LOOK FOR PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SOURCES

  • RECOLECT DATA THROUGH QUESTIONNARIES

  • ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

  • PROPOSAL


Introduction

INTRODUCTION

The education is an intricate interplay between teachers and students. Language is the social beings of the individuals is saying their identity that is conveyed to other people through teaching-learning process, applying pedagogic strategies to help the students to know their behaviors, cultures and ways of existence as also improve their quality of life. Is important to point out to accomplish a significant learning on the students, nowadays teachers use a mix of pedagogic strategies with the latest methodologies to give support and self-confidence to their students applying motivational activities in their daily classes to wake up the students interest for learning new languages and knowledge.


Problem identification

PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION

MOTIVATION

  • Methods and techniques

  • Classroom environment

  • Classroom interaction

  • Limited use of teaching material


Lack of motivation

LACK OF MOTIVATION


Problem setting

PROBLEM SETTING

Main problem

  • How does the lack of motivation affects the development of students for learning English language on fifth courses at “Saraguro” Technical Institute term 2007-2008

    Secondary problems

  • Traditional methods and techniques

  • Limited use of teaching material

  • Teachers’ preparation


Variables working out

VARIABLES WORKING OUT

  • Independent variable

  • Students` lack motivation

  • Dependent variable

  • Incidence in the learning process of English language

  • Communicative competences are not well developed


Objectives

OBJECTIVES

GENERAL OBJECTIVE

  • To determine the main causes that produce lack of motivation in the English learning process and implement new strategies and techniques using an adequate material to reach the significant learning on the students of fifth courses at “Saraguro” Technical Institute, term 2007-2008.

    SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES

  • To analyze the teacher’s methods and techniques that affect the students’ motivation to learn the English language

  • To determine how the lack of using Didactic-Teaching material affects the communicative learning process

  • To characterize the significant learning by the implementation of new strategies to develop their English competences


Justification

JUSTIFICATION

Due to globalization we have seem the necessity of learning the English language in order to improve our social status and knowledge in different fields, wherever some problems have arisen during the development of education process that we have felt when we did our practices at ‘SARAGURO’ Technical Institute. Motivation is the one of the main problems that students have in their educational formative development; it can be external or internal factors which difficult the learning and interest of English as second language.


Chapter ii

CHAPTER II

STRUCTURE

MOTIVATION

LEARNING-PROCESS

Extrinsic

Kinds of motivation

Constructivism

Intrinsic

Components of motivation

Curriculum

Learning

Themotivation influence

Teacher Roles

Learning environment with motivation

Strategies for increasing motivation


Army polytechnic school deparment of languages applied linguistics in english program

MOTIVATION

PROCESS INTERNAL OF AN INDIVIDUAL

EXTRINSIC

COME FROM SOMEONE EXTERNAL

INTRINSIC

COME FROM OURSELVES

COMPONENTS OF MOTIVATION

CURIOSITY

COMPETENCE

SELF-EFFICACY

REINFORCEMENT

NEED

EXTERNAL MOTIVATOR

ATTITUDE

LEARNING


Army polytechnic school deparment of languages applied linguistics in english program

MOTIVATION INFLUENCE

EXTERNAL

INTERNAL

LEARNING ENVIROMENT WITH MOTIVATION

EFFECTIVE LEARNING

TEACHERS’ ABILITY

ACTION

GIVE A GOOD CLASSROON

ENVIRONMENT

FUN

FEEDBACK

DO DIFFERENT KIND OF

MOTIVATIONAL ACTIVITIES

SOCIAL INTERACTION

MAINTAIN Ss INTEREST

ERROR TOLERANCE


Army polytechnic school deparment of languages applied linguistics in english program

STRATEGIES TO INCREASE MOTIVATION

AVOID GIVING EXTRINSIC REWARDS

ESTABLISH GOALS FOR EACH DAILY CLASS

DISCUSS ABOUT Ss CRITERIA, CURIOSITIES AND KNOWLEDGE

GIVE COURAGE, PRAISE, SUPPORT AND TIME TO Ss

BUILD A QUALITY RELATIONSHIP AMONG TEACHER, Ss AND SCHOOL

TEACH MIX GAMES AND ACTIVITIES TO WAKE UP Ss’ INTEREST

DO EVALUATION AND REINFORCEMENT


Army polytechnic school deparment of languages applied linguistics in english program

LEARNING PROCESS

CONSTRUCTIVISM

WE CONSTRUCT OUR KNOWLEDGE

ON OUR OWN EXPERIENCES

ASSIMILATION

ACCOMODATION


Army polytechnic school deparment of languages applied linguistics in english program

CURRICULUM

PROGRAM OF STUDY AND INSTRUCTION

CRADLE PROJECT

(OWTE)

IT HAS STRONG CONTENT BASED

APPROACH FROM OTHERS AREAS

OF CURRICULUM

COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING,

TASK BASED APPROACH

AUDIO-LINGUAL METHOD


Army polytechnic school deparment of languages applied linguistics in english program

LEARNING

ACQUISITION OF KNOWLWEDGE OR SKILLS

HABITUATION

IMPRINTING

ASSOCIATION

OBSERVATION

PLAY

INFORMAL

FORMAL

NONFORMAL

LEARNING SIGNIFICANT

TEACH Ss SOMETHING MEANINGFUL AND IMPORTANT


Teachers roles

TEACHERS’ ROLES

  • NEEDS TO BE AN ANALIST

  • FACILATORS

  • INDEPENDENT PARTICIPANT

  • ADVISOR

  • GUIDE

  • PROBLEM MAKER

  • EVALUATOR

  • SEQUENCER OF TASK


Hypothesis

HYPOTHESIS

Working Hypothesis

The lack of motivation from students is affecting the English learning process at fifth courses in the “Saraguro” Technical Institute.

Alternative Hypothesis

Motivational activities wake up student’s interest and concentration in the English learning process at fifth courses in the “Saraguro” Technical Institute.

Null Hypothesis

The lack of motivation from students isn't affecting the English learning process at fifth courses in the “Saraguro” Technical Institute.


Chapter iii

CHAPTER III

METHODS

INSTRUMENTS

FOR DATA

COLLECTION

PROCESS

AND ANALYSIS

METHODOLOGY

surveys

Field research

Scientific

method

teachers

students

Edition

Codification

Tabulation

Classification

Information processing

Perception difficult

Problem positioning

Bibliographical revisions

Hypothesis formulation

Techniques and instruments

Information collection

Data analysis

Conclusion and recommendation


Army polytechnic school deparment of languages applied linguistics in english program

POPULATION

SAMPLE CALCULATION


Army polytechnic school deparment of languages applied linguistics in english program

CHAPTER IV

ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION


Variables working out1

Independent Variables

Students’ lack of motivation: it means someone is not be interested in or not being able to do anything.

Dependent Variable

Incidence in the learning-process of English language: it is a cause of effects or disagreements in the unfolding of it.

Communicative competences: they are the skills someone has to develop for a good communication in real life situations.

VARIABLES WORKING OUT


Army polytechnic school deparment of languages applied linguistics in english program

Question 1: Do teachers use the latest methodologies in the development of the English classes? Such as Suggestopedia, the Silent way, Cooperative learning, the Audio Lingual Method so on.

Alternatives

Frequency

Percentage

Yes

18

14%

No

105

78%

Sometimes

10

8%

TOTAL

133

100%

Methodologies

8%

14%

Yes

No

Sometimes

78%


Army polytechnic school deparment of languages applied linguistics in english program

CHI SQUARE FORMULA


Chi square calculation

CHI SQUARE CALCULATION

THEORETICAL SQUARED CHI

GL = (Row N0 -1) (column N0 -1)

GL = (2-1) (3-1)

GL = 2

Significance Level: 0, 01

Statistical Decision:

With 2 grades of freedom and a level of Significance of 0, 01 correspond to a THEORETICAL SQUARED CHI de 9,210 established in the statistical table of values of squared chi


Statistical decision for specific hypothesis

Statistical Decision for Specific Hypothesis

ONCE CALCULATED SQUARED CHI (34, 95) higher than the THEORETICAL SQUARED CHI (9,210) the Null Hypothesis Ho is not accepted, this means that the lack of motivation in students is affecting the English learning-process at fifth courses in the “Saraguro” Technical Institute


Chapter v

CHAPTER V

CONCLUSIONS

  • TEACHERS APPLY TRADITIONAL METHODS (Translation method and Task Based Approach)

  • STUDENTS LACK OF MOTIVATION DURING THE LEARNING PROCESS

    RECOMMENDATION

  • TO PLAN COURSES OR SEMINARIES (competences and up to date d methods)

  • TO TEACHERS` WELL PREPARED (values, F.C.E. and daily planning)


Chapter vi

CHAPTER VI

PROPOSAL


Army polytechnic school deparment of languages applied linguistics in english program

PROPOSALA WEEK SEMINARY 3 HOURS A DAY (10:00-13:00) IN ENGLISH TEACHING METHODOLOGIES (AUDIO LINGUAL METHOD, COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE LEARNING, TASK BASED APPROACH, COOPERATIVE LEARNING AND SUGGESTOPEDIA) FOR ENGLISH TEACHERS

  • DESCRIPTION

  • JUSTIFICATION

  • OBJECTIVES

  • THEORETICAL FOUNDATION

  • OPERATIVE MODULE


Army polytechnic school deparment of languages applied linguistics in english program

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