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PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES OF COWPEA AND MUNGBEAN. AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION FATEHPUR-SHEKHAWATI, SIKAR 332 301. Agriculture scenario in zone IIa. Area & productivity of important crops. Cowpea ( Vigna anguiculata ). Suitable varieties. Crop production Sulphur fertilization

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PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES OF COWPEA AND MUNGBEAN

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION

FATEHPUR-SHEKHAWATI, SIKAR 332 301

slide7

Crop production

Sulphur fertilization

Application of 40 kg sulphur /ha through gypsum is recommended for obtaining higher grain yield of cowpea.

  • *For organic cultivation of cowpea, use of 3.75t/ha FYM every year was found suitable
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Weed Management

For weed management in cowpea, two hand weeding 20 and 30 days after sowing or pre-plant in corporation of Fluchloralin @ 0.75kg/ha followed by one hand weeding at 30 DAS is found effective.

slide9

ProtectionTechnologies

Management of jassid, pod borer and whitefly

On appearance of insects in cowpea, dusting of Methyl parathion 2% dust at 25kg/ha is economical.

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2. In cowpea use either Azadirachtin 1500ml/ha alone or a combinationof Azadirachtin (750ml/ha) and half dose of Monocrotophos (500ml/ha) for control against jassids and pod borer.

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Management of stem blight

For control stem blight (Macrophominaphaseolina) in cowpea, seed treatment with Bavistin 50 WP + Thiram (1+2g/kg) or Topsin-M (2g/kg) is recommended.

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Suitable varieties

  • SML-668 included in POP
  • RMG-492 included in POP
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Crop production

Sulphur fertilization

Application of 40 kg sulphur /ha through gypsum is recommended for obtaining higher grain yield of cowpea.

  • Weed management

Moongbean crop should be kept weed free either by two hand weeding at 20 and 30 days after sowing or by applying Fluchloraline at 0.5 kg/ha as pre planting soil incorporation for obtaining higher yield.

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Protection Technologies

Management of jassid, whitefly and pod borer

For the control of jassid, whitefly and pod borers in mungbean, spray of azadirachtin 750 ml mixed with monocrotophos 36 WSC at 500 ml / ha should be done at the time of pest appearance and repeated once at 20 days interval as and when pest reappear.

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2. Spraying of either Dimethoate 30 EC or Quinolphos 25 EC or Methyl demeton 25 EC @ lL/ha is found effective and economic for management of foliage insect-pests (White flies and Jassids) and pod borer of moongbean.

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3. Moong crop can be protected by insect-pests by dusting the crop at the time of infestation either with Methyl parathion 2% or Quinalphos 1.5% or Malathion 5% dust at 25kg/ha.

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Management of stem blight

4. Seed treatment with Topsin-M (2g/kg) followed by two spray of Mancozeb (2kg/ha) at 30 and 40 DAS was found effective to control of stem blight (Macrophominaphaseolina) in moongbean.

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AES wise Micronutrient management (Sulphur though gypsum) management in Mungbean

District wise micronutrient (Sulphur though gypsum) management in Mungbean

District wise micronutrient (Sulphur though gypsum) management in Mungbean

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Sulphur fertilization

Application of sulphur 30kg/ha through gypsum at the time of sowing is recommended for obtaining higher yield of clusterbean.

Weed management

Pre-plant application of fluchloralin @ 0.75kg/ha super imposed with one hand weeding at 30 days after sowing is recommended for effective weed control in clusterbean.

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Agro-chemical

Seed soaking of clusterbean, in mixed solution of 500 ppmthiourea + 100 ppm of DMSO for 4 hours and drying in shade for 2-3 hours before sowing is beneficial to increase the grain yield.

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2. Two sprays of 500 ppmthiourea or mixed solution of 500 ppmthiourea + 100 ppm DMSO at vegetative stage and flowering stage is beneficial to increase the grain yield.

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Protection Technologies

Management of Jassid & Whitefly

In kharif season clusterbean is being infested by sucking pest like jassid, aphid and white fly. Spray of azadirachtin 1000 ml mixed with monocrotophos 36 WSC at 500 ml / ha should be done at the time of pest appearance and repeat once at 20 days interval as and when pest reappear.

  • Figures in parentheses are angular transformed values
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2. For control of white fly (Bemisiatabaci), jassids (Ampoasca spp.) and aphids (Aphis craccivora) in clusterbean, spray with either Methyl demeton 25 EC or Dimethoate 30 EC or Monocrotophos 40 EC @ lL/ha was found effective and economic for management of foliage insect-pests (White flies, Aphids and Jassids) of guar.

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Management of root rot

Seed treatment with Bavistin + Thiram (1+2g/kg) or Trichoderma [email protected] 5g/kg seed is effective to control to root rot in clusterbean.

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AES-wise performance of Clusterbean varieties

District wise performance of Clusterbean varieties

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AES wise Micronutrient management (ZnSO4) in Clusterbean

District wise Micronutrient management (ZnSO4) in Clusterbean

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