PIA 2528 Governance, Local Government and Civil Society Civil Society: A Conceptual Framework See Below- The Model - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Slide1 l.jpg
Download
1 / 65

  • 215 Views
  • Updated On :
  • Presentation posted in: Travel / Places

PIA 2528 Governance, Local Government and Civil Society Civil Society: A Conceptual Framework See Below- The Model. The Model: Civil Society. Local Governance and Civil Society Decentralization Diagram. Quote of the Week. George Orwell, Burmese Days

Related searches for PIA 2528 Governance, Local Government and Civil Society Civil Society: A Conceptual Framework See Below- The Model

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

PIA 2528 Governance, Local Government and Civil Society Civil Society: A Conceptual Framework See Below- The Model

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Slide1 l.jpg

PIA 2528

Governance, Local Government

and Civil Society

Civil Society:

A Conceptual Framework

See Below- The Model


The model civil society l.jpg

The Model: Civil Society

  • Local Governance and Civil Society

  • Decentralization Diagram


Quote of the week l.jpg

Quote of the Week

  • George Orwell, Burmese Days

    • "Why is it you are always abusing the pukka sahibs as you call them. They are the salt of the earth. Consider the great administrators who have made British India what it is.”

    • The Issue: History, Empire and Civil Society

    • Colonial Burma and Civil Society in Myanmar

    • Authoritarian Legacies


Save the victims of the cyclone nargis in myanmar 2008 l.jpg

Save the Victims of the Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar (2008)


1923 burma provincial police training school mandalay eric blair standing third from the left l.jpg

1923 Burma Provincial Police Training School, Mandalay (Eric Blair standing third from the left)


Review discussion of themes l.jpg

Review- Discussion of Themes

Democratic Governance and Institutional State

  • Rule of Law

  • Transparency

  • Security

  • Competitive Elections and Political Parties

  • Devolved Local Government

  • Institutional Processes

  • Interest articulation and aggregation (Competition

  • Civil Society- Mediation and Social Capital


Social mediation l.jpg

Social Mediation


Hamilton madison and jay l.jpg

Hamilton, Madison and Jay


Madison hamilton and jay and civil society l.jpg

Madison, Hamilton and Jay and Civil Society

  • Federalist Papers

    • Fear of Populism

    • Minority rights

    • Shifting majorities

    • The problem with majorities

    • Tyranny

    • Factions


Tyranny l.jpg

Tyranny


Polyarchy the conceptual framework l.jpg

Polyarchy: The Conceptual Framework

  • Competitive Pluralism

  • Diverse interest associations of society compete with each other over policy issues

  • Basis of Economic and Political Competition

  • Social vs. Economic Liberalism


Social vs economic liberalism l.jpg

Social vs. Economic Liberalism?


Polyarchy six principles summary l.jpg

Polyarchy: Six Principles-Summary

  • Interest Group Liberalism

  • Problem of zero-sum game

  • Civil Society as organizational not individual or the mass.

  • The need for apathy

  • Institutional structures: Checks and balances

  • Constitutional vs. social stability


Civil society the base point l.jpg

Civil Society: The Base Point

  • Civil Society- Networks of organizations, groups and individuals pursuing socio-economic interests

  • Base point- Governance vs. interests (negative and positive)

  • Relationship to Private sector


A positive image l.jpg

A Positive Image


Review civil society the nature of the beast l.jpg

Review: Civil SocietyThe Nature of the Beast:

  • Non-Profits

  • Not for Profits

  • Private Voluntary

    Organizations

  • Community Based Organizations

  • Civics


Nature of the beast continued l.jpg

Nature of the Beast-Continued

  • Foundations

  • Associations

  • Interest Groups

  • Quangos


Philanthropy l.jpg

Philanthropy?


Nature of the beast l.jpg

Nature of the Beast

  • The University of Pittsburgh is a Non-Profit

  • They are not always small


Five caveats civil society groups l.jpg

Five Caveats: Civil Society Groups

  • Usually excludes “for profits”- issue of contractors

  • Both International and Local

  • Internationals are not universally loved

  • Very often internationals are religious or charity based

  • Focus has been primarily on relief rather than development or civil society goals


Contractors l.jpg

Contractors


Types of development ngos l.jpg

Types of “Development” NGOs

1. Philanthropy

2. Humanitarian Assistance

War, Drought, Agricultural Failure (WWI)

Relief and Welfare Societies- Disaster-

3. Populist based development agencies (national)


Cooperative for american remittances to europe l.jpg

“Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe”


Types of development ngos25 l.jpg

Types of “Development” NGOs

4. Grassroots associations (local or village based): Focus on Rural Development

5. Advocacy groups: Democracy and Governance

6. Public Service Contractors and Grantees


Ard associates in rural development and msi management systems international l.jpg

ARD-Associates in Rural Development and MSI- Management Systems International


International ngos weaknesses l.jpg

International NGOs- Weaknesses

1. Lack of local legitimacy

2. Donor driven

3. Inefficiency

4. Amateurism- leadership and continuity problems

5. Staffing problems


Amateurism l.jpg

Amateurism?


International ngos weaknesses29 l.jpg

International NGOs- Weaknesses

6. Self-serving- own objectives: Faith Based

7.Fixation on projects- Problems of replication

8. Lack of perceived accountability

9. Learning problems/lack of institutional memory


German missionaries in southwest africa 1910 now namibia l.jpg

German Missionaries in Southwest Africa, 1910 (now Namibia)


Thousand points of light l.jpg

Thousand Points of Light

George Bush, appearing with victim’s rights advocate Doris Tate at a ceremony in which Tate was named as one of the thousand points of light.


International ngos weaknesses32 l.jpg

10. Tensions with government institutions- Politically threatening

11. Ties with existing local elites

12. Inability of humanitarian organizations to transfer to new development orientation

International NGOs- Weaknesses


Politically threatening ngos l.jpg

Politically Threatening NGOs

  • Kenya, 2008-

  • 2009


Foreign aid l.jpg

Foreign Aid


Break l.jpg

Break

  • Ten Minutes


Public private partnerships l.jpg

Public Private Partnerships

The Twenty-First Century Paradigm


Types of democracy and civil society representation l.jpg

Types of Democracy and Civil Society Representation

  • Cooperative Movements (or Corporatism)

    • Diverse interest associations cooperate with each other and with organs of the state to make policy

    • Scandinavian Social Corporatism

    • Public-Private Partnership?


Nyhavn copenhagen denmark l.jpg

Nyhavn Copenhagen Denmark


Public private partnerships40 l.jpg

Public-Private Partnerships

  • U.S. Parallel: Western Pennsylvania


Understanding the public sector of allegheny county l.jpg

Understanding the Public Sector of Allegheny County

Allegheny County is made up of 130 townships and boroughs. Each of these has its own public manager and council. The city of Pittsburgh is part of this mix of local government. Several Thousand non-profits

Operating Budget for the County for 2003 is $654 million. This budget provides for such services as:

Children and Youth Services

Jail/County Police

Port Authority

District attorney

coroner


Demographics of allegheny county l.jpg

Demographics of Allegheny County

  • Total population 1,281,666

    • 84% White

    • 12% African American

    • 1.7% Asian

    • 1% Hispanic

    • 1/10 of 1% Native American

    • 18% 65+

    • 6% under 5 years old


Post industrial patterns l.jpg

Post-Industrial Patterns


Public private partnerships45 l.jpg

Public-Private Partnerships

  • Non-Profits Number in W. PA in tens of thousands and

  • deliver up to two-thirds of the social services of the County in several different sectors


Financial links public private l.jpg

Financial Links: Public Private


Public private p artnerships the international context l.jpg

Public Private Partnerships:The International Context

Defined: Partnerships (formal or informal) between:

  • Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs),

  • Community Based Organizations (CBOs),

  • Governments,

  • Donors (International and Private),

  • Private- Business Sector.


Foreign aid links l.jpg

Foreign Aid Links


Public private partnerships49 l.jpg

Public Private Partnerships

  • Origins- Use in International Development

    a. International Donors- Way of Dealing with Umbrella Grants and implementation of development policies

    b. Accepting donor money means accepting donor principles


Public private partnerships50 l.jpg

Public Private Partnerships

c. Comes out of Structural Adjustment and Policy Reform (re. LDCs)

d. Seen by some as an alternative to Contracting Out- Others as part of it

e. Critics see it as detrimental to a market approach to economic change


The latest phase l.jpg

The Latest Phase?


Public private partnerships characteristics l.jpg

Public Private Partnerships: Characteristics

a. Targeted at the expansion of Social Capital and Synergy in the promotion of Economic and Social Development

 b. Seeks a holistic or Integrated Approach to Economic and Social Development

 c. Involves informal processes, cultural sensitivities as well as legal norms and contracting principles.


Usaid cooperative agreement aeg a 00 05 00007 00 political parties project l.jpg

USAID Cooperative Agreement AEG-A-00-05-00007-00- Political Parties Project


Public private partnerships ppps l.jpg

Public Private Partnerships (PPPs)

Supporting Factors in the International Context:

 1. Democratic Governance- private sector and NGOs seen as legitimate actors; transparency, accountability and responsiveness

2. Rational Government- Merit Principles, anti-corruption environment, acceptance of non-state actors as service deliverers. Contracting Out


Post structural adjustment l.jpg

Post-Structural Adjustment

  • Human Development and Governance are seen as the key to economic development

  • Millennium Development Goals


Public private partnerships factors l.jpg

Public Private Partnerships- Factors

Factors that Support PPPs 

3. Decentralization- Subsidiarity: Governance devolved to the lowest levels capable of implementation and contracting out

4. Legal Frameworks- Acceptance of Contractual Agreement as the basic organizational relationship


Contracts l.jpg

Contracts


Public private partnerships factors58 l.jpg

Public Private Partnerships-Factors

5. Institutional Norms, Organizational Capacity and regularized principles of inter-organizational interaction. Requires high levels of capacity building

6. Requires Social and Economic Stability

7. Organizational flexibility across all sectors


Public private partnerships factors59 l.jpg

Public Private Partnerships- Factors

8. Social and Institutional Pluralism- win-win rather than zero sum game across social, ethnic, religious and racial groups

9. Social Networks exist at Grass roots, and intermediate as well as higher levels of government-See diagram


Flat pyramid early nasa l.jpg

Flat Pyramid- Early NASA


Reference l.jpg

Reference:

Jennifer M. Brinkerhoff,

Partnership for International Development: Rhetoric or ResultsBoulder, Co.: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002


Books five minute reactions l.jpg

Books: Five minute Reactions

  • The Painted Veil:

    Somerset Maugham

  • Weep Not Child

    Ngugi wa Thiongo


The master and margareta mikhail bulgakov l.jpg

The Master and MargaretaMikhail Bulgakov


Discussion l.jpg

Discussion

  • Questions, Comments?


Discussion65 l.jpg

Discussion

  • Themes

    • Governance

    • Local Governance

    • Civil Society

    • Area Focus


  • Login