The african american oral tradition
1 / 12

The African American - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

The African American Oral Tradition. In Review…. What is the Oral Tradition?. Stories and Songs passed on verbally, instead of in written form Slaves passed on stories from generation to generation—parent to child. Why is there an African American Oral Tradition?.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The African American ' - ivanbritt

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
The african american oral tradition l.jpg

The African American Oral Tradition

In Review…

What is the oral tradition l.jpg
What is the Oral Tradition?

  • Stories and Songs passed on verbally, instead of in written form

  • Slaves passed on stories from generation to generation—parent to child

Why is there an african american oral tradition l.jpg
Why is there an African American Oral Tradition?

  • Until after the Civil War, it was illegal to teach slaves to read & write

  • If slaves could read & write, masters feared they would forge passes to escape to freedom in the North

Where was the oral tradition strongest l.jpg
Where was the oral tradition strongest?

  • The southern states of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia

    • Where thousands of slaves labored on cotton, rice, and tobacco plantations

    • Large segregated slave quarters

A southern tobacco plantation (Library of Congress)

Types of oral traditions proverbs l.jpg
Types of Oral Traditions…Proverbs

  • Stories with a moral purpose; stories that teach a lesson

  • Often evaluate plantation life

  • Example: “Don’t say more with your mouth than your back can stand”

    • This proverb warns slaves about whippings that often result from slave protest

Types of oral traditions folk cries hollers and shouts l.jpg
Types of Oral Traditions…Folk Cries, Hollers, and Shouts

  • A way for slaves to communicate over short distances

  • Purpose:

    • Calls for help, food, or water

    • Cries of loneliness, sorrow, or happiness

    • Warning other slaves that a master or overseer is approaching

Types of oral traditions work songs l.jpg
Types of Oral Traditions…Work Songs

  • Rhythmic accompaniment to slave work like cotton-picking and cornhusking

  • Elements of Work Songs:

    • Plantation criticism

    • Praise

    • Ridicule

    • Gossip

    • Protest

Types of oral traditions spirituals l.jpg
Types of Oral Traditions…Spirituals

  • Religious, based on biblical stories

    • Many detail Moses and the Israelites’ journey from Egypt to freedom

  • Reflect the slaves’ daily life experiences their sorrows, troubles, weariness, dreams, and hopes of freedom

  • Purpose:

    • Anti-slavery messages

    • Codes for escape

    • Lamenting the condition of slavery

    • Expressing hope of freedom

Listening to african american spirituals l.jpg
Listening to African American Spirituals…

Types of oral traditions folktales l.jpg
Types of Oral Traditions…Folktales

  • Stories that explain how present circumstances have evolved

  • Generally teaching slave children how to survive the oppression of slavery

  • Types:

    • Animal trickster tales

    • Tales of Flying Africans

    • Conjure (magic) tales

  • Purpose:

    • Sharing moral values

    • Set examples of proper conduct

    • Explain natural phenomena


The theme in african american oral tradition l.jpg
THE theme in African American Oral Tradition

Slaves must assert themselves against their oppressors (namely, white masters) because, even though white masters may control the slaves’ outer world, that power is neither permanent nor unchangeable.

Link to super duper quiz show l.jpg

Link to Super Duper Quiz Show