PowerPoint Slideshow about ' STRESS MANAGEMENT' - ivanbritt
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Situations are not inherently stressful because competitive demands exceed performers’ response capabilities such as shooting a free throw or taking a penalty kick with the game on the line, playing a tiebreaker in a tennis match, having a sudden death playoff in golf, or batting with the game tied in the ninth in baseball.
Olympic Finals, Superbowls, seventh games of NBA, NHL or Major League Baseball Championship Series, the final holes of the Masters or a tie breaker at Wimbleton are not innately stressful.
Individuals who experience stressful life events such as taking a new job, moving, getting married or divorced, having a baby, losing a loved one, dealing with serious medical problems report higher stress levels than those with mundane lives.
Sport has many competitive experiences that can be stressful such as playing for a new team, having a new coach, moving up or down in competitive level, going through a slump, experiencing lengthy winning or losing streaks or getting benched or starting unexpectedly.
Stress – is a substantial imbalance between environmental demand (i.e., what you perceive is being demanded of you) and response capabilities (i.e., what you perceive your capabilities are for meeting those demands), when you perceive success to be important (McGrath, 1970).
perceived control– assesses whether personal coping efforts can reduce or eliminate the source of uncertainty in the situation.
“How much control do I have over eliminating my anxiety about playing poorly in tonight’s big game?”
coping potential – If the source of stress is controllable, coping potential is your evaluation of whether you have the necessary coping resources to actually reduce or eliminate the source of uncertainty in this situation.
Whether overall appraisal of the situation is viewed positively as a challenge or benefit or negatively as a threat or harm/loss depends on one’s responses to two critical secondary appraisal questions:
“How much control do I have to reduce or eliminate the source of stress?”
“What is my potential ability to cope with these sources of stress, both the options available to me and the potential effectiveness of those options?”
Stress Management – is a process designed to reduce or eliminate the negative consequences of stress, particularly mental and physical anxiety, in order to help performers feel better emotionally and perform up to their capabilities.