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Development through Entrepreneurship: Thoughts on the Journey so far. U N I V E R S I T Y O F W A L E S I N S T I T U T E, C A R D I F F | A R T H R O F A P R I F Y S G O L C Y M R U, C A E R D Y D D. Professor David Brooksbank. Director of Enterprise

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development through entrepreneurship thoughts on the journey so far
Development through Entrepreneurship: Thoughts on the Journey so far

U N I V E R S I T Y O F W A L E S I N S T I T U T E, C A R D I F F | A R T H R O F A P R I F Y S G O L C Y M R U, C A E R D Y D D

professor david brooksbank

Professor David Brooksbank

Director of Enterprise

Cardiff School of Management

U N I V E R S I T Y O F W A L E S I N S T I T U T E, C A R D I F F | A R T H R O F A P R I F Y S G O L C Y M R U, C A E R D Y D D

entrepreneurship policy
Entrepreneurship Policy

U N I V E R S I T Y O F W A L E S I N S T I T U T E, C A R D I F F | A R T H R O F A P R I F Y S G O L C Y M R U, C A E R D Y D D

slide4

THE ENTREPRENEURSHIP

ACTION PLAN FOR WALES

why develop entrepreneurship
Why Develop Entrepreneurship?
  • A persistent gap between the levels of prosperity in Wales compared with those of the UK.
  • GDP per head in Wales is 82.4% of the EU average, but in some parts of the country it is below 70%.
  • Wales has the second lowest weekly earnings in the UK
  • The birth rate of new businesses in Wales compared to the existing stock of business was at least 30% behind the UK.
  • Wales loses businesses at a faster rate than the UK .
why develop an enterprise strategy
Why Develop an Enterprise Strategy?
  • No overall entrepreneurship strategy to ensure an integrated approach to the delivery of such initiatives
  • Low perception of opportunities for new start-ups among the general public
  • Little incentive to encourage enterprising behaviour
  • Limited entrepreneurial education and training
  • Funding for business support initiatives was short term without co-ordinated dissemination of best practice
  • Business support services were fragmented and had limited entrepreneurial content
  • There was no consistency of monitoring or assessment of impact of initiatives across Wales
the entrepreneurial pathway

RECOGNISING THE OPPORTUNITY

CHALLENGE

Develop an Enterprise Culture

  • Change attitudes towards entrepreneurship.
  • Embed entrepreneurship through whole educational process
  • Widen the horizons of potential and actual entrepreneurs
  • Stimulate entrepreneurial behaviour within communities

CREATING THE ENTERPRISE

GOING FOR GROWTH

CHALLENGE

Create more start-up businesses and more businesses with growth potential

CHALLENGE

To increase the number & proportion of indigenous firms that grow to full potential

  • A co-ordinated national programme of start-up support based on ‘best practice’, that reflects the actual type of support required by the different types of business.
  • Specific initiatives in areas of funding and advice which are tailored to the specific needs of growth businesses
The Entrepreneurial Pathway
recognising the opportunity
Recognising the Opportunity

THE CHALLENGE

To create a greater awareness of the opportunities and rewards of entrepreneurship in order to encourage more people to start a business or to grow the business they are in, and to develop a greater entrepreneurial culture within our institutions, communities and businesses.

where are we
Where are we?
  • Only 4% of a recent poll of 1,000 adults in Wales described themselves as an entrepreneur
  • Only one in eight adults in Wales know an entrepreneur personally and one in five would like to be an entrepreneur
  • Richard Branson was named by over 30% as the most famous entrepreneur. Terry Matthews was the only Welsh person mentioned, but by less than 1%. The only women named were Anita Roddick and Linda McCartney
  • Reasons for people not wishing to become an entrepreneur were, ’I’m too old’, ’it’s too stressful’, ’too risky’, and finally ’I’m not made that way’.
where do we want to be
Where do we want to be?
  • Need to raise the understanding of entrepreneurship and foster a culture of creativity, opportunity and entrepreneurship as being the norm and a positive life-option within Welsh society.
  • Wales needs to create an environment where, through the right support and encouragement, all people have equal opportunity to become entrepreneurs.
  • Entrepreneurial education programmes should be seen as a fundamental part of the development of an entrepreneurship culture.
  • Community enterprises should be fostered to act as a bridge for those in disadvantaged areas to return into mainstream economic activity.
how do we get there
How do we get there?
  • To change attitudes in Wales towards entrepreneurship by a continuous National Awareness Campaign, presenting business and entrepreneurship as positive life-options
  • Embed entrepreneurship education throughout the whole educational process
  • Widen the horizons of potential and actual Welsh entrepreneurs, exposing them to new ideas and opportunities and giving them the opportunity to ‘taste’ entrepreneurship.
  • Stimulate entrepreneurial behaviour within local communities throughout Wales, encouraging participation from all parts of society.
creating the enterprise
Creating the Enterprise

THE CHALLENGE

To create a greater number of sustainable start-up businesses in Wales with potential for further growth, particularly by under-represented groups of society such as women, the young, Welsh language speakers, ethnic minorities and retired workers.

going for growth
Going for Growth

THE CHALLENGE

To increase the number of small businesses in Wales that grow, thereby creating wealth, employment and opportunity

entrepreneurship policy14

Entrepreneurship Policy

UK Action Plan

EU Green Paper

Etc.

U N I V E R S I T Y O F W A L E S I N S T I T U T E, C A R D I F F | A R T H R O F A P R I F Y S G O L C Y M R U, C A E R D Y D D

entrepreneurship
Entrepreneurship

U N I V E R S I T Y O F W A L E S I N S T I T U T E, C A R D I F F | A R T H R O F A P R I F Y S G O L C Y M R U, C A E R D Y D D

entrepreneurship reality
Entrepreneurship Reality

U N I V E R S I T Y O F W A L E S I N S T I T U T E, C A R D I F F | A R T H R O F A P R I F Y S G O L C Y M R U, C A E R D Y D D

slide17
NEW BUSINESSES CREATED IN WALES IN PAST 2 YEARS

ART AND DESIGN - CREATE ART WORKS FOR BUSINESSES AND TAKE DESIGN CONTRACTS

BED AND BREAKFAST

REGISTERED CHILDMINDER.

CHILD MINDER

SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT

TRAINING IN BUSINESS AND LIFE SKILLS

REPAIR HEAVY CONSTRUCTION PLANTS

CATERING EQUIPMENT ADVISER

INDEPENDENT FINANCIAL ADVISOR, BOTH TO BUSINESS AND PERSONAL

ENTERTAINMENT – PARTY ORGANISER

PICTURE FRAMING & RESTORING

slide18
UPHOLSTERY SERVICES

GAS INDUSTRY FITTER

HAIRDRESSER SALON

PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT

HAULAGE ROAD

FURNITURE REMOVAL BUSINESS

CHILDREN INDOOR PLAYGROUND

PROFESSIONAL SERVICE MANAGEMENT SERVICES

ONLINE COMMUNITY BUSINESS

PRINTING BUSINESS, LOW VOLUME STATIONARY PRINTING BUISNESS CARDS AND LETTERHEADS

RESTAURANT

ITC SERVICE BUSINESS/REFREGERATOR REPAIR/

ENERGY SURVEYS

ANGLING SUPPLIES/ RETAIL.

ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY

DESIGN OF AUTOMATIC ASSEMBLY MACHINES E.G WEBDESIGN OF MOBILE PHONES

RETAIL FRANCHISE BUSINESS

slide19
CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS PRACTICE

TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT

BEAUTY BUSINESS, TANNING SALON

ACCOUNTANCY FIRM

SELLING AGENT; SHE\'\'S SELLING ANTIQUE FURNITURE; WHOLESALE FOR SPECIFIC CLIENTS

DRIVING INSTRUCTOR

STOP MOTION ANIMATOR (E.G. WALLIS AND GROMMIT).

LORRY DRIVING, CONCRETE DELIVERY

CONSULTING ENGINEER IN ELECTRICAL DESIGN,

CHILD MINDER FROM HOME

FARMING BEEF ARABLE LAND

ENGINEERING PRESSURE VESSELS

FARMING, BUYING AND SELLING LIVESTOCK, SHEEP AND CATTLE.

HARDWARE RETAIL COMPANY

GROUND CARE MAINTENENCE

HARDWARE (SELLING BUSINESS)

PROPERTY INVESTMENT

slide20
EXPORT CONSULTANCY

CONTRACT CLEANING-SERVICE INDUSTRY

CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY, PLASTERING CONTRACTS PLASTERS HOUSES AND FLATSS

CONTRACTING, AGRICULTURE CONTRACTOR

MOBILE HAIRDRESSINGANTIQUES/ANTIQUES DEALING//

DISCOUNT REATILS IN ELECTRICALS AND HOUSEHOLD ITEMS RETAIL IN DISCOUNT ELECTRICALS AND HOUSEHOLD ITEMS

HAIRDRESSER

ELECTRICAL CONTRACTOR

MANAGMENT ACCOUNTANCY BUSINESS. PROVIDES A CONSULTANCY SERVICE\'\'

A PUB

COOK SHOP, POTS AND PANS KITCHEN ACCESIRIES.

HOTEL

FIT GRAB RAILS AND RAMPING FOR DISABLED

TRAINING AND ASSESSMENT FOR THE FORESTRY INDUSTRY

LAND MANAGEMENT

RIDING STABLES

slide21
HUMAN RESOURCES CONSULTANCY, OFFERS HR ADVICE ELECTRICAL ENGINEER, MOSTLY WORK FOR LARGE BUSINESSES.

PAINTING AND DECORATING

MOBILE AUDIO RECORDING

IT SUPPORT AND CONSULTANCY

PUBLIC HOUSE

AUTIONERING OF LIFE STOCK

SPORTS RETAIL, IN PARTICULAR, SELLING SNOWBOARDING EQUIPMENT

CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY PROVIDER

INTERIOR DESIGNERS

SOLICITORS PRACTICE

VEHICLE AIR CONDITIONING

CAFÉ

SELLING ORAGNIC PRODUCTS HELATH CARE

COMPUTER MAINTANCE

MARKERTING MERCHANDISING GOODS TSHIRTS BRANDED GOODS SELLING

TOWN PLANNING CONSULTANCY

MUSIC LESSONS

slide22
GRAFFITI REMOVAL BUSINESS

CHILD CARE

INTERIOR CONTRACT/ CARPET AND FURINTUTRE

HAIRDRESSING

BED AND BREAKFAST

PRIVATE PRACTICE COUNSELLING AND PSYCHOTHERAPIST

CATERING-SUPPLY OF FOODSTUFF.

PUB RELATIONS AND MARKETING

3D GRAPHICS, GRAPHIC MEDIA, GRAPHIC DESIGN ARTIST

CONSTRUCTION

DOMESTIC FLOORING COMPANY

ARTIST, LANDSCAPE, DESIGN, GALLERY COMMISHON FREELANCE ARTIST, SPECILISES IN LANDSCAPES, AND PRODUCES WORK FOR GALLERIES AND DOES COMMISSIONED PAINTINGS

CONSULTANCY CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY. WEBSITE FACE TO FACE NETWORKING

NURSERY FOR PLANTS

SATELITE AND AERIALS

IT MANAGEMENT CONSULTANCY

slide23
MAGAZINE PUBLISHING BUSINESS

RECRUITMENT

STONE MASONARY

MAGAZINE

DECORATING COMPANY

FARMING - ANIMALS

STRUCTURAL ENGINEER

LEASING AND FINANCING

BUILDERS

BUSINESS CONSULTING

TV PRODUCTION COMPANY

WASTE MANAGEMENT

TOURIST ATTRACTION - FARM

COMPUTER SERVICES

HOTEL

POTTERY

AUTO ELECTRICAL

slide24
MARKETING CONSULTANCY

BUILDER

MORTAGE BROKERS

NAIL TECHNICIAN

IT SUPPORT FOR SMALL TO MEDIUM SIZED BUSINESSES

FARMING

AMUSEMENT CATERING

BUILDING COMPANY

HAULAGE

CARPENTRY BUSINESS

LETTING FLATS

PHOTOGRAPHY DESIGN

MOTOR RACING - BUILD AND HIRE OUT RACING CARS

HAIRDRESSING

CONSTRUCTION

AGENCY FOR OPERA SINGERS, PROMOTE SHOWS SELLING TICKETS

AGRICULTURE: FARMERS: COWS FOR MILK & SHEEP FOR LAMB

slide25
SECURITY AND PROTECTION BUSINESS

PAINTING AND DECORATING

MANUFACTURE OF JOINERY PRODUCTS

BUILDING NEW DEVELOPMENT

FARMING

MOTER MECHANIC

SOLICITORS

TRANSPORT SERVICE

RETAIL BUSINESS- LEATHER GOODS RETAIL BUSINESS

MARKETING AND INVESTIGATIONS COMPANY / PRIVATE INVESTIGATIONS FIRM

GENERAL DOMESTIC BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION

HOLIDAY HOME

EDUCATIONAL PROJECT MANAGEMENT COMPANY

HAIRDRESSING BUSINESS

MASSAGE PARLOUR

TRAINING CONSULTANCY BUSINESS

ADVERTISING SERVICE

slide26
SINGER FOR HIRE

CHILDREN ENTERTAINMENT - MAGICIAN

CHILDMINDER

PRODUCT DESIGN

HOMELOANS BUSINESS AND PERSONAL LOANS

ACCOUTANCY SERVICES

WATER TREATMENT

ESTATE AGENTS - LETTINGS

PUBLIC HOUSE, WITH FOOD

CONSTRUCTION - SITE INVESTIGATION

FREELANCE MUSICIAN

TRANSLATION AGENCY

CHILD MINDIND

BRICK LAYER

GARDEN BUSINESS - MAINTENANCE AND DESIGN

ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS

DATA RECOVERY SERVICES

slide27
ACCOUNTANCY

A DANCING SCHOOL

SERVICE PROVIDING HEALTH INFORMATION

ACCOUNTANCY

RETAIL SHOP/SELLING RECONDITIONED ELECTRICAL ITEMS/ANYTHING ELECTRIC

PLUMBING

COMPUTER REPAIR

MINIBUS COMPANY

RETAIL GOODS

ARTIST

TAXI

IMPORTING ENGINE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (FOR RALLY CARS AND RACE CARS)

BUILDING CONSULTANT/ BUILDING SURVEYOR

PRODUCTION AND PUBLICATION OF TECHNICAL DOCUMENTS-HANDBOOKS,DATASHEETS,SPARES CATALOGUES

MARKETING CONSULTANCY

slide28
DECORATING AND BULIDING CONTRACTORS, HOME IMPROVEMENTS

MEDICAL, GENERAL PRACTICE.

CARAVAN SITE - INHERITED - 30 CARAVANS

ITC RESEARCH

GENERAL PHOTOGRAPHY

SOFTWARE AND WEB SERVICE AND NETWORKING IN COMPUTING. DESIGNERS AND TRAINERS

FLOORING COMPANY

JOINERY AND CABINET MAKING

COFEE LOUNGE

CONSULTANCY – BUSINESS SERVICES

LEISURE INDUSTRY – PERSONAL TRAINER

CARPENTER

PLUMBING SERVICES

PROPERTY RENOVATION AND REPAIR

CLEANING SERVICE

PHOTOGRAPER/PUBLISHER

slide29
SELL BLINDS

CABINET MAKING/FURNITURE

PROPERTY MANAGEMENT AND LEASING OF PROPERTIES

PLASTERING

IT TRAINING

BUILDING COMPANY

ARTS AND CRAFT MAKING AND SELLING ARTS AND CRAFT

BOOK KEEPING AND ADMINISTRATION. MANUAL BOOK KEEPING. PRIMARILY FOR SMALL BUSINESSES.

FREELANCE GEOLOGIST

PARTY PLANNER

ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS,WIRING BUILDING AND HOUSES

GENERAL STORE, GROCERY SHOP, OFF LICENCE

GENERAL BUILDING SERVICES

CARPENTRY IN CONSRUCTION

FARM, AGRICULTURE

SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS

entrepreneurship30

Entrepreneurship

U N I V E R S I T Y O F W A L E S I N S T I T U T E, C A R D I F F | A R T H R O F A P R I F Y S G O L C Y M R U, C A E R D Y D D

the problem copie addresses
The Problem COPIE addresses

Disadvantaged groups face a wide range of barriers to entrepreneurship

Existing policy on entrepreneurship often prioritises high-tech solutions

There is a huge amount of good practice

Some Member States have produced a comprehensive entrepreneurial ladder out of exclusion that works for all target groups

the copie proposition
The COPIE proposition

To maximise the work of funders, practitioners and innovators of good practice

Take lessons from EU programmes like Equal

Develop ACTION PLANS for usable Entrepreneurship Policy

communities of practice
Communities of practice

A group of people who share a common concern, a set of problems or a passion about a topic and who deepen their knowledge and expertise by interacting on an ongoing basis

Etienne Wenger

origins of the copie tool based approach
Origins of the COPIE tool based approach

Analysis of best practice using the entrepreneurial ladder out of exclusion

Prowess: flagship status assessment from UK

Development of tool for DG Employment on policies measures for micro credit

look at experience of 8 target groups
Look at experience of 8 target groups

Formerly unemployed

Women

Migrants and ethnic minorities

50 plus

Young people

Under 30

People with disabilities

Social enterprises

results of the european tool
Results of the European tool

Rapid appraisal – 4-6 weeks start to finish, 15 minutes to 30 minutes

Engages key stakeholders: policy makers, business advisers, entrepreneurs

Generates evidence and data on which to base policy dialogue and practical actions

Comprehensive results that cover all target groups

regions using the copie tool
Regions using the COPIE tool

Phase 1 January -May 2007

  • UK Wales
  • D Berlin Mitte
  • ES Asturias
  • B Flanders
  • P Lisbon

Phase 1.5 Summer 2007

  • Ireland (Limerick, Longford, Dublin)

Phase 2 December – April 2008

Es Basque Country

  • Es Andalusia
  • Es Extremadura
  • D Rhineland Palatinate
  • D Brandenburg
  • Cz Ustecky

Planned

  • UK Northamptonshire (EM)
  • UK Pendle (NW)
  • It Venice
  • It Torino
entrepreneurship44

Entrepreneurship

“Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.”

Margaret Mead

U N I V E R S I T Y O F W A L E S I N S T I T U T E, C A R D I F F | A R T H R O F A P R I F Y S G O L C Y M R U, C A E R D Y D D

entrepreneurship45

Entrepreneurship

U N I V E R S I T Y O F W A L E S I N S T I T U T E, C A R D I F F | A R T H R O F A P R I F Y S G O L C Y M R U, C A E R D Y D D

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