Computer-Assisted Surgery Medical Robotics Medical Image Processing. LECTURE 1 What‘ s in a surgery Technical tools in CS CAS systems. PAST: Cut, then see. PRESENT: See, then cut. Preoperative Imaging. Intraoperative Execution . FUTURE: Combine, see, minimally cut. Image guidance.
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What‘s in a surgery
Technical tools in CS
Film or Digital X-ray
Series of parallel slices 2mm apart
Good imaging of soft tissue
Functional imaging: colors indicate electrical activity
TV quality image from small camera (laparoscope or endoscope)
Augment the surgeon’s capabilities with better
quantitative planning, execution, and integration
Parts of the technology already available elsewhere!
Technology and algorithms
Instrument has infrared
LEDs attached to it
A computer-integrated system to enhance the dexterity, visual feedback, and information integration of the surgeon
All integrated by computer!
Brief overview follows; will be covered in detail later