PO333 European Integration. Lecture, topic 3. Classical theories of European integration. Lecture themes An introduction to the use of theory in EU studies in particular ‘neofunctionalism’ and ‘intergovernmentalism’, i.e. ‘classical integration theory’ ...
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Lecture, topic 3.
Classical theories of European integration
Immanuel Kant Perpetual Peace (1795) http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/kant/kant1.htm
Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi Pan Europa (Knopf, 1926)
Karl W. Deutsch et al Political Community in the North Atlantic Area (Princeton UP, 1957)
David Mitrany A Working Peace System, (RIIA, 1943)
‘Political integration is the process whereby political actors in several distinct national settings are persuaded to shift their loyalties, expectations and political activities to a new center, whose institutions possess or demand jurisdiction over pre-existing national states. The end result is a new political community, superimposed over the pre-existing ones’ Ernst B. HaasThe Uniting of Europe (Stanford University Press, 1958) p. 16
‘a situation in which a given action, related to a specific goal, creates a situation in which the original goal can be assured only by taking further actions, which in turn create a further condition and a need for more action, and so forth’. Leon N. Lindberg The Political Dynamics of European Economic Integration (Stanford University press, 1963, p. 10
Ben Rosamond ‘The Uniting of Europe and the Foundations of EU Studies: Revisiting the Neofunctionalism of Ernst B. Haas’, Journal of European Public Policy 12(2), 2005, pp.237-254
3. Intergovernmentalism prone to integrate
Stanley Hoffmann ‘Obstinate or Obsolete? The Fate of the Nation-State and the Case of Western Europe’, Daedalus 95(3), 1966, pp. 862-915
Andrew Moravcsik The Choice for Europe: Social Purpose and State Power from Messina to Maastricht (Cornell University Press, 1998)
‘European integration has been powered by the pragmatic search for commercial benefits in the world’s most economically interdependent continent’, Andrew Moravcsik ‘Introduction: Europe Without Illusions’, in A, Moravcsik (ed.) Europe Without Illusions: the Paul-Henri Spaak Lectures 1994-1999 (University Press of America, 2005) ,p.13 - http://www.princeton.edu/~amoravcs/library/illusions.pdf
National level game ↓
←Intergovernmental level game
Institutionalised bargains – transaction costs, transparency, trust
A two-level game
‘National governments are able to take initiatives nd reach bargains in the Council negotiation with relatively little constraint. The EC provides information to governments that is not generally available ... National leaders undermine potential opposition by reaching bargains first and presenting domestic groups with an “up and down” choice. Andrew Moravcsik ‘Preferences and Power in the European Community: A Liberal Intergovernmentalist Approach’, Journal of Common Market Studies 31(4), 1993, p. 515.