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Polar Operations 2010 Update. Cross Polar Working Group CPWG/9 Montreal Canada April 28-30, 2010 Gene Cameron Manager Worldwide Support Flight Dispatch United Airlines. Polar Routes. UNITED POLAR ROUTES. WASHINGTON. 82 N. CHICAGO. #1. #1A. #2. #3. #5. #4. BEIJING. SHANGHAI.

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Polar operations 2010 update l.jpg

Polar Operations 2010 Update

Cross Polar Working Group

CPWG/9

Montreal Canada

April 28-30, 2010

Gene Cameron

Manager Worldwide Support Flight Dispatch United Airlines



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UNITED POLAR ROUTES

WASHINGTON

82 N

CHICAGO

#1

#1A

#2

#3

#5

#4

BEIJING

SHANGHAI

HONG KONG

TOKYO


Polar benefits l.jpg
Polar Benefits

  • Flight Time Reduced Up To 1 Hour or more

  • Increase in Payload/Reserve Fuel Capability

  • Arrive With Planned Landing Fuel

  • Absence of Turbulence

  • Possibility for New Service to Asia From a Number of North American Cities


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Who’s Flying North Polar Region

Toronto Air Canada, Cathay Pacific

Newark Continental, Singapore

New York (JFK) Air China, American, Cathay Pacific, China Eastern, Delta, Korean

Washington United, Korean

Detroit Delta

Atlanta Delta, Korean

Houston Continental, Emirates

Chicago American, Korean, United

Minneapolis Delta

Los Angeles Emirates

San Francisco Emirates, United


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Who May Also Be Flying North Polar Region In 2010

Air India

All Nippon

Asiana

EVA

Fed Ex

Japan

JET

UPS


United polar operations 1999 2010 l.jpg
United Polar Operations1999-2010

1999 12 2000 253

  • 466 2002 461

  • 461 2003 578

    2004 1096 2005 1402

    2006 1484 2007 1832

    2008 1565 2009 1411

    2010 256 (Mar 2010)

    Total 1999-2010 10,816

    P-1 424 P-2 1000 P-3 4648 P-4 4309 P-5 431


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Main Traffic Flows in

Russian Airspace in 2009

Total in 2009 -

234469 flights (-6.8%)

Crosspolar ATS

Routes

Trans-East ATS

Routes

8527 flights (+6.6%)

17385 flights (-17.0 %)

Transpolar ATS

Routes

12380 flights (-11.1%)

Trans-Siberian

ATS Routes

7514 flights (-2.5%)

Trans-Asian

ATS Routes

73826 flights (-7.6%)

Asian

ATS Routes

86471 flights (-2.5%)





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Operational Concerns

  • Cold Fuel

  • Communications

  • Emergency Landing Sites

  • Enroute Alternates (ETOPS)

  • Search and Rescue

  • Recovery Plan

  • Solar Radiation


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Operational Limits

  • Based on warmest freeze point allowed by specification.

  • Actual freeze point typically much lower.


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Communications

  • Primary Company Communications Is Via ACARS Data Link and SATCOM Voice

  • HF is required generally above 82 North

  • HFDL is utilized by some operators

  • Iridium SATCOM Voice and Data is under review. Concern for the satellite constellation continuity


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Iridium Network Capabilities

  • Pole-to-pole coverage

  • Satellite diversity assures high probability of access


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Emergency Airports

  • May NOT have Medical Facilities

  • May be UNABLE to Remove Passengers from Plane

  • May NOT have Lodging, Food, Water

  • May NOT have Protection from the Elements

  • May be unable to Service the Aircraft


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ENROUTE AIRPORTS

Blue: Published in AIP

Red: Not published

___: Surveyed

Bodo

Fairbanks

Longyearbyen

Anchorage

Barrow

Rovaniemi

Oulu

Polar 1

King Salmon

Russia Far East Tracks

Polar 2

Murmansk

Polar 3

Polar 4

FANSTAR

St. Petersburg

Nome

Cold Bay

Arkhangelsk

Mis Shmindta

Moscow

Pevek

Amderma

Nizhniy Novgorod

Syktyvkar

Anadyr

Usinsk

Ukhta

Salehard

Tiksi

Kazan

Norilsk

Khatanga

Samara

Novyj Urengoj

Igarka

Ufa

Shemya Is.

Kogalym

Ekaterinburg

Surgut

Polyarnyj

Raduzhnyi

Magadan

Nizhnevartovsk

Yakutsk

Petropavlovsk-kamchatsky

Mirny

Novosibirsk

Krasnojarsk

Barnaul

Neryungri

Bratsk

Abakan

Irkutsk

Yuzhno-sakhalinsk

Chita

Blagoveschensk

Ulan-ude

Existing tracks

Khabarovsk

Choibalsan

Ulaanbaatar

Proposed tracks

Sapporo


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Enroute Alternates (ETOPS)

Canada: Iqaluit (CYFB) 8600FT

Yellowknife (CYZF) 7500FT

Alaska: Fairbanks (PAFA) 11050FT

Anchorage (PANC) 11584FT

Barrow (PABR) 6500FT

Greenland : Thule (BGTL ) 9997FT

Norway: Longyear (ENSB) 7221FT

Russia: Norilsk (UOOO) 10925FT

Yakutsk (UEEE 10827FT

Magadan (UHMM) 11325FT

Khabarovsk (UHHH) 12467FT


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Chicago

HKG

POLAR CAP Search & Rescue

Norway SAR

Greenland SAR

North Pole

Canadian SAR

Russian SAR

USCG Juneau

&

11 AF RCC Anchorage


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Chicago

HKG

Extended U.S. Area

POLAR CAP Search & Rescue

Norway SAR

Greenland SAR

Russian SAR

North Pole

Canadian SAR

USCG Juneau

&

11 AF RCC Anchorage


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POLAR CAP Search & Rescue

  • SAR Agreements Effectively Extend U.S. Actual Responsibility

  • SAR Exercise May 19 with Norway on simulated 777 Polar flight from Washington to Beiing with a ditching at 82N.


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DIVERSION & RECOVERY PLAN

For diversions to offline airports

A: Provide for Passengersand Crew

B: Recover Aircraft


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Polar Safety Kits

  • Polar Safety Kit Will Be Onboard all Polar Flights

  • Each Kit Contains Two Suits

  • The Captain Will Determine Who Will Have Access To The Kits

  • Their Purpose Is To Allow Someone To Deplane For Coordination Of Services, etc.


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Passenger Recovery Plan

  • Plan Immediate Relief (Shelter And Food)

  • Determine If Other Carriers Service the Airport

  • Fly A UAL Charter To Pick Up Passengers

  • Coordinate US Military Assistance If Needed


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Solar Activity

Review NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center

”Space Weather Now” Website

http://www.sec.noaa.gov/SWN/

Do Not Plan A Polar Operation If An S4 Solar Storm is Active or Expected

S3 Storm Will Permit Polar Operations At Flight Level 280 or FL310

CPWG sub-group and ICAO OPS MET focus on Space weather products.


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ROUTE FLEXIBILITY

DAILY ROUTE SELECTION IS BASED ON:

Forecast en-route winds

Desired Payload

Destination weather

HF radio propagation

Suitable en-route airports (777)

Solar radiation issues

Approved Entry points


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Slot Allocation

Anchorage ATC provides Slot Allocation

All polar routes from North America except Polar 1 require slots.

Anchorage Center Track Allocation plans 10 minute slot separation between aircraft on same rourte and flight level (No buffer in slot allocation)

On Line Track Advisory is web based and provides better situational awareness of all planned polar operations within Track Advisory and is Dispatcher user friendly.


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Current “Manual” Track Advisory

QU ANCDPXA CHI17R

.CHIVQUA 291311 043293 986/041765

TKF

UAL897.1640.KIAD.ZBAA.340.RAMEL.2250.10

EISIR 291311 102263 641^

QU ANCDPXA CHI17R

.CHIVQUA 291323 043293 987/041765

TKF

UAL851.1741.KORD.ZBAA.320.ORVIT.2343.10.340.ORVIT.2343.15

EISIR 291323 102263 674^


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Current Track Advisory

QU CHIVQUA

.ANCDPXA 291312

THE FOLLOWING TRACK ADVISORY REQUEST WAS ACCEPTED OK

UAL897.1640.KIAD.ZBAA.340.RAMEL.2250.10

EISIR 291311 102263 642^

QU CHIVQUA

.ANCDPXA 291324

THE FOLLOWING TRACK ADVISORY REQUEST WAS ACCEPTED OK

UAL851.1741.KORD.ZBAA.320.ORVIT.2343.10.340.ORVIT.2343.15

EISIR 291323 102263 675^


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Current Track Advisory

[[QU ANCDPXA

.

TKL

QU HDQDHUA

.ANCDPXA 291836

GATEWAY RESERVATION LIST (COMPILED 03/29/10 18:22) PAGE 1 OF 4

ANCHORAGE ARTCC

TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

GATEWAY RESERVATION LIST

===========================================

=REQUESTED= =RELEASED=

WHEEL CROSS WHEEL CROSS

UP FIX UP FIX RELEASED

FLIGHT TIME TIME DEPT DEST TIME TIME ALT TRK

============================================================


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Current Track Advisory

FLIGHTS FOR TRACK ORVIT CROSSING FIX ORVIT

UAL851 1845 0046 KORD ZBAA 1845 0046 320 ORVIT

UAL835 1544 2147 KORD ZSPD 1544 2147 340 ORVIT

COA9 1530 2150 KEWR RJAA 1537 2157 340 ORVIT

AAL289 1556 2200 KORD ZSPD 1603 2207 340 ORVIT

UAL803 1704 2325 KIAD RJAA 1704 2325 340 ORVIT

UAL895 1800 2350 KORD VHHH 1800 2350 340 ORVIT

CCA982 2050 0321 KJFK ZBAA 2050 0321 340 ORVIT

============================================================

FLIGHTS FOR TRACK RAMEL CROSSING FIX RAMEL

CPA841 1430 2026 KJFK VHHH 1430 2026 320 RAMEL

ACA0015 1500 2044 CYYZ VHHH 1500 2044 320 RAMEL

UAL897 1640 2250 KIAD ZBAA 1640 2250 340 RAMEL

COA99 1945 0148 KEWR VHHH 1945 0148 340 RAMEL

CPA831 2015 0212 KJFK VHHH 2015 0212 340 RAMEL

============================================================


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Current Track Advisory

ANALYSIS OF ABOVE ADVISORY

NUMBER OF FLIGHTS PUT INTO PROGRAM: 49

NUMBER OF FLIGHTS SCHEDULED ON-TIME: 46

NUMBER OF FLIGHTS SCHEDULED WITH DELAY: 3

MINIMUM DELAY: 4 MAXIMUM DELAY: 7

AVERAGE DELAY TIME: 6.0^


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DOTS+ Online Provides…

  • a live view of the GRL

    View is automatically updated; changed values are highlighted

    User can modify requests by editing a particular value on the GRL itself, like a spreadsheet

    User can see a graphical view of each track to more easily identify available slots


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DOTS+ Online Provides…

  • more security

    Certain actions permitted based on user role

    Password-protected user accounts

    Write access times-out after 15 minutes of inactivity

  • default data, to reduce errors

    Track names

    Allowed altitudes for each track

    Basic validation of data (e.g. wheels up time, etc.)

  • request lists

    Store frequently-used requests

    Lists can be edited before being submitted

    Lists available to all members of the same airline



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Gateway Reservation List

  • A graphical view is also available.


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DOTS + ZAN Display Routes

Tracks available in ZAN


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What’s New Over the Horizon?

  • New Routes South of Polar 1 – Summer 2010

  • Online Track Advisory (Easier Access and Enhancements)

  • More Routing Flexibility in Russia through new routes and ACC consolidations

  • 240 Minute ETOPS Certification on B777s

  • Boeing 787 Polar Operations

  • 2011 RVSM in Russia and Mongolia



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SUMMARY consolidated ACCs by 2015

Polar Operations Must Consider the Following Challenges

  • AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE, RANGE LIMITS

  • COLD FUEL ISSUES

  • SOLAR RADIATION

  • ROUTE FLEXIBILITY

  • COMMUNICATION LIMITATIONS ENROUTE

  • TWIN ENGINE (ETOPS) OPERATIONS

  • SLOT ALLOCATION


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THANK YOU ! consolidated ACCs by 2015


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