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Introduction to Biotechnology. KHS Bioscience Career Academy. What is Biotechnology?. What is your definition of biotechnology? The definition we’ll use this year is: Biotechnology is the manipulation of living organisms and organic material to serve human needs. Examples of Biotechnology.

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Introduction to Biotechnology

KHS Bioscience Career Academy


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What is Biotechnology?

  • What is your definition of biotechnology?

  • The definition we’ll use this year is:

  • Biotechnology is the manipulation of living organisms and organic material to serve human needs.


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Examples of Biotechnology

  • Use of yeast

    • Bread making

    • Alcohol production

  • Beneficial bacteria

    • Penicillium to kill harmful organisms

  • Plant and animal cloning

  • Artificial insemination


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Biotech Industry

  • Research is conducted by:

    • Small companies

    • Large corporations

    • Public universities

  • Funding comes from public and private sources

    • California passed $300 billion stem cell research referendum in 2004


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Research Areas

  • Health / Medicine

  • Food Science

  • Environmental Science

  • Agriscience


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Impact of Biotech Industry

  • Millions of people consume genetically modified organisms EVERY DAY

    • Especially Americans

    • 56% of soybean plantings are genetically engineered

  • GM crops accounted for 167 million acres of production in 18 countries in 2003

    • 60% of acreage was in US


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Biotech in NC

  • NC Biotechnology Center predicts that the industry will contribute more than $25 billion in annual income each year within the next 25 years

    • Largely due to pharmaceuticals

  • NC ranks 3rd in the number of Biotech companies (352)


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Biotech in NC Video

  • http://www.ncbiotech.org/biotechnology_in_nc/BiotechnologyVideo.html


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Biotech Websites

  • www.ncbiotech.org

  • www.bio.org


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Growth of Biotechnology

  • To get an idea of how biotechnology is growing, complete the Lab Activity on page 19 of the textbook


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