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Introduction to Assistive Technology. For Adult Service Professionals 892.562 Young Jeon. Assistive Technology Overview. What is Assistive Technology?.

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Introduction to assistive technology l.jpg

Introduction to Assistive Technology

For Adult Service Professionals

892.562 Young Jeon


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Assistive Technology Overview

What is Assistive Technology?

▶ Any device or process that assist a person with disabilities to do something that could otherwise be difficult or impossible to accomplish

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Assistive Technology Overview–Definition

▶ Any item, piece of equipment , or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities (from IDEA ’97)

▶ A definition of AT may be a system of no, low and/or high-tech tools and strategies that are suited to a person based on their individuals needs

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Assistive Technology Overview –Universal Design

Universal Design is the design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design – Ron Mace

Universal Design benefits of all ages and abilities.

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Assistive Technology Overview –Universal Design

Example

Curb Cut : Originally designed for wheelchair but also ease travel for people pushing strollers, riding skateboards, using canes.

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Assistive Technology Overview – AT vs. UD

Assistive Technology Universal Design

Used by a wide range of individuals with diverse needs

Makes the environments accessible to individuals with varying needs

Specifically considered for an individual

Used by an individual to improve


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Assistive Technology Overview –Continuum

  • High-Tech

    • Sophisticated electronics or computers

      • DynaMyte, Mercury

  • Mid-Tech

    • Relatively complicated mechanical devices

      • Wheelchairs

  • Low-Tech

    • Less sophisticated devices

      • Velcro fasteners

      • Sippy cups

  • No-Tech

    • Solutions that make use of procedures and services already in the environment without using devices or equipment

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Assistive Technology Overview –Categories

  • Adaptive Computer Applications

  • Aids for Communication

  • Aids for Daily Living

  • Environmental Control Systems

  • Home / Worksite Modifications

  • Prosthetics and Orthotics

  • Seating and Positioning

  • Wheelchair / Mobility Aids

  • Vehicle Modifications

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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AT Delivery System in DC

MRDDA Policy

  • Applicability

    • Provider Organizations that receive DC or Federal

      funds to serve MRDDA customers and who are

      responsible for the acquisition, repair or

      replacement of adaptive equipment

  • Acquisition Process

    • Determination of Need by clinicians’ assessment

    • Caregiver apply for the approval and fund within 30 days of assessment

    • MRDDA determines of approval

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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AT Delivery System in DC

MRDDA Policy

  • Timeliness

    • Acquisition shall occur within 60 days of the date of determinations

    • If not, caregiver must provide written notice the clinical Services Division WEEKLY.

  • Methods of Payment

    • Medicaid/Medicare

    • Private Health Insurance

    • Personal Funds

    • Government Contract/Purchase order

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Barriers and Challenges

  • Awareness and Knowledge

  • Fear of Complexity

  • Funding Limitations

  • Training

  • Timeliness of AT delivery System

  • Equipment Maintenance

  • Technology Abandonment

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Benefits of Assistive Technology

  • Communication

  • Environmental control

  • Mobility

  • Education

  • Activities of Daily Living

  • Employment

  • Sports and Recreation

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Assistive Technology Consideration

  • What functional limitation does the individual with disabilities have that might be helped by assistive technology?

  • Have professionals conducted a comprehensive assessment to determine what assistive technology might be beneficial?

  • Will the technology be available for the person to use at all times in all environments where needed, and if not, what alternatives exist in other environments?

  • Will the assistive technology be a tool and not inhibit typical development and skill acquisition?

  • Does the professional support system exist for the successful application and use of the identified technology?

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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The End

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Adaptive Computer Applications

Hardware and software products that enables persons with

Disabilities to access, interact with, and use computers at

home, work or school.

  • Input output devices

  • Alternate access aids

  • Modified or alternate Keyboard

  • Switch Interface

  • Adaptive Software

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Communication Aids

  • Products and equipment designed to help persons with speech

  • disabilities or writing difficulties to communicate. At its very

  • simplest, augmentative communication can be a page with

  • picture choices or alphabet letters that a person points to. It

  • can also involve highly sophisticated speaking computers with

  • on-screen communication boards and auditory or visual scanning.

  • Hearing aids,

  • Augmentative Alternative Communication Devices

  • Voice Output Devices

  • TTDs

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Aids for Daily Living

  • Self-help devices that assist persons with disabilities in daily

  • living activities such as dressing, personal hygiene, bathing,

  • home maintenance, cooking, eating, etc.

  • Clothing and Dressing Aids

  • Eating and Cooking Aids

  • Home Maintenance Aids

  • Toileting and Bathing Aids

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Environmental Control System

  • Environmental and structural adaptations that remove or reduce

  • physical barriers for individuals with disabilities. Environmental

  • adaptations usually involve building construction, engineering

  • and architecture, but also include environmental controls and

  • switches that can control an entire living environment.

  • Environmental control switches

  • Worksite adaptations

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Home/Worksite Modifications

  • Structural adaptations or fabrications in the home, worksite or other area

  • Ramp

  • Lifts

  • Bathroom changes

  • Visual alerting system

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Prosthetics and Orthotics

  • Replacement, substitution or augmenting of missing or

  • malfunctioning body parts with artificial limbs or other orthotic aids

  • Splints

  • Braces

  • Foot orthosis

  • Helmets

  • Restraints

  • Supports

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Seating and Positioning

  • Accommodations to a wheelchair or other seating system to

  • provide greater body stability, trunk/head support and an upright

  • posture, and reduction of pressure on the skin surface

  • Seating : adapted and modular seating, cushions and wedges

  • contour seats, lumbar support seats, standing tables

  • Positioning : positioning belts, braces, wheelchair modifications and cushions, seat lifts, bolster chairs, corner chairs, therapeutic seats, postural support hardware, postural support systems, pressure monitors, etc.

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Wheelchair / Mobility Aids

  • Products that help mobility impaired persons move within

  • their environment and give them independence in

  • personal transportation

  • Manual and electric wheelchairs, mobile bases for

  • custom chairs, walkers, three-wheel scooters, and other

  • utility vehicles.

  • Ambulatory Aids

  • Scooters and Power Chairs

  • Wheelchairs

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Vehicle Modifications

Adaptive driving aids, hand controls, wheelchair and other lifts,

modified vans, or other motor vehicles

Includes car-top carriers, custom cars and

vans, adaptive driving control, ramp, lift,

hand-controls, child restraint systems

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Input Output Devices

  • Touch windows

  • Braille Printer

  • Alternate Mouse

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Alternate Access Aids

  • Head Stick, Mouth Stick

  • Light Pointer

  • Mouse Emulator

  • Voice Input

  • Eye Gaze

Controlling cursor with eye movements

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Modified or Alternate Keyboard

  • Intelli-Key

  • Big Keyboard

  • One-hand keyboard

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Switch Interface

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Adaptive Software

  • Biggy Cursor

  • Onscreen Keyboard

  • Zoom Text

  • Microsoft Accessibility

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Voice Output Devices

  • Mercury, Gemini,

  • Dynamite

  • Cheap Talk

  • Digi-Vox

  • Communication Builder

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Clothing and Dressing Aids

  • Button Aid

  • Sock Helper

  • Shoe horn

  • Dressing Stick

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Eating and Cooking Aids

  • Easy grip Utensil

  • Food Bumper

  • Scooper Plate

  • Utensil Curf

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Home Maintenance Aids

Adaptive Gardening Tools

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Toileting and Bathing Aids

  • Lift Aids

  • Shower chair

  • Elevated seat

  • Urinals

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Environmental Control Switches

  • Remote Control

  • Free Hand Switch

  • Wireless Transmitter

  • Motion Pad

  • Voice Activated Switch

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Seating and Positioning

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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Ambulatory Aids

United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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