India. Tradition vs. Modernity. Two Indias? A technologically advanced (Indian “Sillicon Valley”), middle class society (largest middle class on earth: 150-250 million people). British-like political institutions
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
...Question assumptions on the bonds between democracy and education.
700,000 self-sufficient and self-governing villages with different class and caste divisions
Governed by the Panchayat (committee of elders). Dominant family values and forms of organization (village family).
Agriculture (and some handicraft industries such as cloth)
A few towns/cities (Delhi, Lahore) acting as centers of pilgrimage and royal authority (felt in the villages only through the tax collector)
Flexible to absorb outside forces/ (but) Famines
Problems could not be solved just with independence
Hindu vs. Muslims
1946 Institutional Compromise British proposal fails
Hundreds of thousands are killed
Solution: territorial % betwen India and (Muslim) Pakistan
July-August 1947: Independence and transference of power to India and Pakistan
-Millions of Muslims and Hindus left as minorities on both sides (12 million people fleeing and 1 million killed)
Appointed by the President in consensus with Federal and state courts
-The Supreme Court may declare parliamentary acts unconstitutional ( U.S.)
-Guardian of civil liberties
However, freedoms can be suspended under the state of emergency declared by the President (reduced in recent years to situations of external aggression or armed rebellion)
Defeated in 1977 a new split followed: Indira Ghandi created Congress (I) and won in 1980 (personalistic shift, with Mrs. Ghandi and sons making most decisions). Rajiv Ghandi suceeded his mother