Early acquisition of musical aural skills. Richard Parncutt 1 Gary McPherson 2 Margit Painsi 1 Fränk Zimmer 1 1 Department of Musicology, University of Graz 2 School of Music, University of Illinois. ICMPC Bologna 21-26 August 2006. Aims.
Richard Parncutt1 Gary McPherson2 Margit Painsi1 Fränk Zimmer1
1Department of Musicology, University of Graz
2 School of Music, University of Illinois
ICMPC Bologna 21-26 August 2006
aural (visual, tactile-motor, linguistic) memory
match memory to performance by trial and error
auditory pattern memory linguistic label
Language of questionnaire
Western bias of internet
Best grade for an ear training test
Does practice make perfect?
Are some instruments better
for ear training than others?
Keyboard represents aural structures visually?
Parents of talented children choose piano?
140 people named 311 instruments:
Important for ear training?
“Early” = before learning first instrument
What early musical experiences promote development of aural skills?
5.3 (1 = very rare … 7 = very frequent)
49 % mother
31 % father
8 % sister
4 % brother
(1 = not at all … 7 = very)
enjoyment motivation practice
At what age do children
acquire basic aural skills?
In what situations do children
acquire aural skills?
Situations in which learned about music
Percentage: average of those who replied (In brackets: number who replied to question)
Wide variety of situations. Examples:
Participant bias towards “classical” music
Role of active learning
Role of relevant, useful goals
Participants believe skills are learned
Source of info for “opinion then”:
46% compare memory with current knowledge
18% parents then
15% peer comparison then
Real learning + belief in talent