DPG – Environment and Natural Resources
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DPG – Environment and Natural Resources Presentation to Honourable Minister of Natural Resources and Tourism Mr. Anthony Diallo. Challenges and opportunities in the Natural Resources Sector DPG-Environment and Natural Resources Commitment to Government Frameworks

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DPG – Environment and Natural Resources Presentation to Honourable Minister of Natural Resources and TourismMr. Anthony Diallo

  • Challenges and opportunities in the Natural Resources Sector

  • DPG-Environment and Natural Resources

  • Commitment to Government Frameworks

  • Solutions and immediate steps


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Challenges

Natural Resources sector complexities:

  • Various tenure and utilisation arrangements

  • Stakeholders at different levels competing for resources (e.g. water for irrigation, livestock, hydropower etc.)

  • Need for ensuring the balance between utilisation and conservation

  • Use of tools such as licenses, quotas, bans etc.

  • Service delivery to other sectors and geographical areas (e.g. 95% of energy supplied by forests in various ways), with insufficient compensation arrangements

  • Global influences e.g. Climate Change with mitigation and adaptation challenges


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Current (Pres.) attention:

Drought and energy crisis with links to NR

Mismanagement and good governance in NRM

In general, cases of poor governance, e.g. log-scams, continues to occur…

Responses:

Tree planting campaign, logging and transportation ban

Within existing government frameworks e.g. Forestry Policy, Act and Programme?

Appropriate and adequate responses?

Challenges continued…


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Lost Opportunities for Poverty Reduction

Challenges remain:

  • Provision exist for community-based management in legal frameworks, but not fully implemented, delayed and/or unattractive

  • Not sufficient number of jobs in NR industry created in Tanzania, and benefits not always shared

  • Un-compensated environmental services

Poor depend on NR:

  • Own consumption e.g. firewood for cooking, fish and bush meat (about 1/3) for protein intake

  • Income from sale of processed/un-processed resources (e.g. honey, dried fish, charcoal, etc.)

  • Employment (and income) in resource utilisation, e.g. jobs in tourism, fish industry etc.


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Lost Opportunities for Growth(Top NR based growth sectors are : Mining, Tourism, Hunting and Fisheries)

Growth hampered by:

  • Limited knowledge about abundance and exploitation limited – sustainable growth levels difficult to predict

  • Current private sector experience disincentives for investments e.g. in forestry

However, potential exists:

  • Managing state owned forest plantation (135-230,000 ha) through Private-Public-Community Concession Arrangements

  • Wildlife-based tourism expansion and diversification of tourism products e.g. expansion to the southern and western tourism circuit


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Lost Opportunities for Revenue Generation

However, potential is high:

  • Fisheries TSh9.7 billion in revenue in 2004

  • Forestry TSh 11.4 billion in revenue last year

  • Tourism annual growth rate in revenue app. 30% - based primarily on wildlife

Revenue collection suffering:

  • Limited info about value and lack of efficiency and transparency in revenue collection (e.g. annual license for foreign fisheries vessel equals earnings from 1 day’s catch!)

  • Revenue collection not used as a management tool to guide/direct resource exploitation to specific resources/species and geographical areas


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DPG-Environment and Natural Resources

  • Terms of Reference ”to increase the effectiveness of Development Partners’ efforts to support a concerted environment and Natural Resources agenda and provide coordinated contributions”

  • Participants: Belgium, CIDA, Danida (chair), EU, FAO, Finland, GTZ, ILO, Netherlands, Norway, USAID, UNDP, UN-Habitat, UNIDO, World Bank

  • Produced briefs on Forestry, Fisheries and Wildlife (specifically hunting) outlining challenges and opportunities in sectors, which links the sectors to poverty reduction and good governance


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DP commitment to Government Frameworks

  • MKUKUTA acknowledges natural resources challenges, and policy and legal frameworks largely in place: (a) Forestry, (b)Fisheries, (c) Wildlife (though revisions necessary).

  • DPs support implementation of existing legal framework & assist in addressing specific emergency cases (e.g. Independent Forest Monitoring)

  • DPs committed to harmonisation and alignment, good governance and and broad sector perspective – incl. private sector and civil society (e.g. forestry SWAp initiated)

  • DPs encourage sector coordination and dialogue:

    • Within MNRT: Coordination across divisions and improved policy & planning sub-sector engagement e.g. in M&E

    • Closer cooperation between MNRT and VPO-DoE & NEMC, and use of Environment Working Group


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Solutions from DP point of view

  • Implementation of existing legal framework

    • Strengthening of enforcement

    • Increasing capacity and efficiency e.g. change management in establishment of TFS

  • Promoting ”correct” incentives for sustainable management for the benefit of Tanzania – in line with existing Government frameworks:

    • ”Healthy” private sector involvement e.g. removing barriers and creating effective market based competition

    • Securing rights to resources of communities, and strengthen their capacity for NR management


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Immediate steps

Time is opportune for:

  • Government review of the sector incl. Ministry of Finance review of NR revenue collection

  • High level Government retreat to discuss state of the sector – amongst others to facilitate the work of the new Cabinet Committee on Environment

  • Responses initiated building upon existing Government frameworks

    DPs committed to assist in any way possible!


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