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Corrections Cont. Dr. Matt Robinson CJ 3532 “Injustice in America” Appalachian State University. Pains of Imprisonment. Prison is NOT a nice place See myths of prisons (pp. 284-289) Losses are enormous! Inmates suffer through “pains of imprisonment”. Pains of Imprisonment.

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Corrections Cont.

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Corrections Cont.

Dr. Matt Robinson

CJ 3532

“Injustice in America”

Appalachian State University


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Pains of Imprisonment

  • Prison is NOT a nice place

  • See myths of prisons (pp. 284-289)

  • Losses are enormous!

  • Inmates suffer through “pains of imprisonment”


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Pains of Imprisonment

  • Loss of liberty

  • Loss of autonomy

  • Loss of security

  • Deprivation of heterosexual relationships

  • Deprivation of goods and services

  • Loss of voting rights

  • Loss of dignity

  • Stigmatization (see pp. 282-296)


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Pains of Imprisonment

  • Likely outcomes of these pains:

  • Damaged individuals

  • Dependent individuals

  • Angry individuals

  • Disruption of families

  • Lack of male role models in some neighborhoods

  • More crime upon release

  • More crime in their neighborhoods


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Who is in Prison?

  • Half (50%) are violent offenders

  • 20% are drug offenders

  • 20% are property offenders

  • 10% are public order offenders

  • 55% of federal prisoners are drug offenders

  • 1% are white-collar offenders


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Who is in Prison?

  • Typical inmate is:

  • Young

  • Poor

  • Minority

  • Male

  • Uneducated

  • Underemployed


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Characteristics of the Incarcerated

Percentage

Male93% 1

Black33% 1Black38% 4Hispanic19% 1Hispanic21% 4

Sentenced for non-violent crimes50% 1

Not completed high school41% 2

Earning less than $1,000 per month59% 3

Under influence of drugs at time of crime62% 3

Unemployed29% 3Not employed full time43% 3

1 all prison inmates, 20082 all correctional inmates, 19973 jail inmates, 20024 state prison inmates, 2008

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics


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Characteristics of the Incarcerated

Percentage Black

State Prisoners38% (2008)State Prisoners *37% (2008) State Prisoners **27% (2008)

Jail Inmates39% (2008)

Probationers29% (2008)

Death Row Inmates42% (January 2009)

* Black males** Black males, ages 18-39

Sources: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics, NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund


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What Does it Cost?

  • At roughly $35,000 per inmate per year …

  • With 1.6 million inmates …

  • Minimum costs of imprisonment is$56 BILLION per year!

  • Plus biases created by massive incarceration!


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What Does it Cost?

  • African Americans are disproportionately likely to be under all forms of correctional supervision

  • African American males have 32% chance of going to prison (v. 17% Hispanic males and 6% of Caucasian males)

  • Rate of imprisonment is 3,161 per 100,000 for black males versus 1,200 for Hispanic males, and only 487 for White males


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Imprisonment Rate by Race

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (2006). Prisoners in 2005.

http://ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/p05.htm


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What Does it Cost?

  • “…there is clearly a correlation among punitiveness in the US generally, the US wars on crime, and on drugs in particular, and racial disparities in the criminal justice network” (p. 300).

  • Why?


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