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Colombia. Geography. Northwestern region of South America Venezuela and Brazil to the East Ecuador and Peru to the West Panama in the North 26 th largest nation in the world. History- Pre-Colombian. 10,000 BC hunter gatherers lived near Bogota Pyramidal government established

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geography
Geography
  • Northwestern region of South America
  • Venezuela and Brazil to the East
  • Ecuador and Peru to the West
  • Panama in the North
  • 26th largest nation in the world
history pre colombian
History-Pre-Colombian
  • 10,000 BC hunter gatherers lived near Bogota
  • Pyramidal government established
  • Muisca, one of the most developed gov. in S.A.
history
History
  • Rodrigo de Bastidas leads Spanish exploration in 1500
  • Christopher Columbus explores Caribbean 1502
  • Vasco Nunez de Balboa, started conquest, also first to discover Pacific Ocean (Mar del Sur)‏
  • Simon Bolivar and Francisco de Paula Santander lead rebellion in 1810
  • Rebellion succedes in 1819, Republic of Greater Colombia formed (includes Panama)‏
slide5
After two year civil war United States of Colombia was created (1863), lasting until 1886
  • Republic of Colombia once again
  • 1903, American influence in Panama leads to secession and independence
  • La Violencia in the 1940\'s and 1950\'s
    • Jorge Gaitan assasinated
  • System set in place to alternate liberal and conservative parties
  • 1980\'s and 1990\'s powerful drug cartels exert pressure on the political formations
  • 1991-New Constitution ratified
  • Current Pres. - Alvaro Uribe Valez
slide6
Flag
  • Adopted Dec. 17, 1819
government
Government
  • Republic
  • Executive
    • Head of Government
  • Legislative
    • Bi-cameral
      • 166 seat Congress
      • 106 seat Chamber of Rep.
  • Judicial
    • Currently under re-form to adversarial
people
People
  • 43.6 million pop. Total, 3rd most populace in Latin America
  • 77 % Urban
  • Very wide variety of Ethnicities
    • African descent from slave trade
    • Indigenous peoples
    • European, Middle Eastern, and Asian Immigrants
  • Spanish is the official language, followed by English
slide9
Ethnicity by %
    • 42 % Mestizo
    • 36 % European
    • 14 % Mulatto
    • 4 % African
    • 3 % Zambos
    • Less than 1 % pure Indigenous
religion
Religion
  • 95 % Christian
    • 81-90% Roman Catholic
  • Less than 2 % practice another religion
  • Remaining percentage report that they do not actively practice their religion
education
Education
  • Over 93 % pop over 15 can read and write
  • 60 % complete primary schooling (5 years) and move to secondary (6 years)‏
  • Compulsory between 6 and 12, 86.7 % enrollment
  • 4.4 % GDP spent on education, 19.7 % gov spending
transportation
Transportation
  • Maintained by the government
  • Pan-American highway
  • El-Dorado National airport
economy
Economy
  • Steady GDP growth until 1999
    • Weak domestic and foreign demand
  • Exports
    • Manufactured goods, petrol, coal, and coffee
  • 12 % Unemployment
  • Tourism
slide14
Food
  • In Medellin - bandeja paisa
  • In Cali – Sancocho de gallina
  • Caribbean coast – spicy with fish and lobster, coconut rice
  • In the llanos – barbecued meat and river fishes
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