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Child Care Fire Safety Program February 06, 2007. Office of Lee County Fire Marshal. North Carolina Fire Prevention Code. 2000 International Fire Code with NC amendments. North Carolina Building Code Council North Carolina Department of Insurance. 2002 Edition .

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Child Care Fire Safety ProgramFebruary 06, 2007

Office of Lee County Fire Marshal


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North Carolina Fire Prevention Code

  • 2000 International Fire Code with NC amendments.

  • North Carolina Building Code Council

  • North Carolina Department of Insurance.

    2002 Edition


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Type of Facilities

  • Group E – Educational – more than 5 children older than 2 ½ of age.

  • Group I-4, day care facilities – provides care on less than 24 hr basis for more than 5 children 2 ½ or less. See Exception Group I-2, child care facilities – provides care on a 24 hr. basis to more than 5 children 2 ½ age or less

  • Group R-4 – provides accommodations in a residence occupied as a home by the caregiver for persons of any age less than 24 hrs


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General Precautions

  • Attics, basements, closets, garages, furnace rooms and heaters clear of trash and combustible material.

    • 304.1 Waste accumulation prohibited. Combustible waste material creating a fire hazard shall not be allowed to accumulate in buildings or structures or upon premises.


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General Precautions

  • Clearances from ignition sources and combustible materials maintained.

    • 305.1 Clearance from ignition sources. Clearance between ignition sources, such as light fixtures, heaters and flame-producing devices, and combustible materials shall be maintained in an approved manner.


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Emergency Planning

  • Approved evacuation plan posted.

    • F404.2 Where required. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan shall be prepared and maintained for the following occupancies and buildings.


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Emergency Planning

  • Evidence of monthly fire drills posted.

    • 405.1 General. Emergency evacuation drills complying with the provisions of this section shall be conducted in the occupancies listed in 404.2 or when required by the code official. Drills shall be designed in cooperation with the local authorities.


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Emergency Planning

  • Evidence of monthly fire drills posted.

    • F405.5 Record keeping. Records shall be maintained of required emergency evacuation drills and include the following information:

      • 1. Identity of the person conducting the drill.

      • 2. Date and time of the drill.

      • 3. Notification method used.

      • 4. Staff members on duty and participating.

      • 5. Number of occupants evacuated.

      • 6. Special conditions simulated.

      • 7. Problems encountered.

      • 8. Weather conditions when occupants were evacuated.

      • 9. Time required to accomplish complete evacuation.


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Emergency Planning

  • Record of employee training in fire prevention/evacuation and annual fire safety training on site

    • 406.2 Frequency. Employees shall receive training in the contents of fire safety and evacuation plans and their duties as part of new employee orientation and at least annually thereafter. Records shall be kept and made available to the code official upon request. Training should consist of familiarization of the fire alarm system, fire extinguisher use, CPR, Carbon Monoxide awareness.

    • Fire Superintendents to provide copy of fire training conducted with staff members.


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Fire Service Features

  • Street Number Posted (4” or higher )

    • 505.1 Address numbers. New and existing buildings shall have approved address numbers, building numbers, or approved building identification placed in a position to be plainly legible and visible from the street or road fronting the property. These numbers shall contrast with their background. Address numbers shall be Arabic numerals or alphabet letters. Numbers shall be a minimum of 4 inches (102 mm) high with a minimum stroke width of 0.5 inch (12.7 mm).


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Fire Service Features

  • Unobstructed fire apparatus road.

    • 503.1.1 Buildings and facilities. Approved fire apparatus access roads shall be provided for every facility, building or portion of a building hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction. The fire apparatus access road shall comply with the requirements of this section and shall extend to within 150 feet (45 720 mm) of all portions of the facility or any portion of the exterior wall of the first story of the building as measured by an approved route around the exterior of the building or facility.


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Fire Service Features

  • Hydrants/Fire Department connections/control valves clear of obstructions by 3’.

    • 508.5.4 Obstruction. Posts, fences, vehicles, growth, trash, storage and other materials or objects shall not be placed or kept near fire hydrants, fire department inlet connections or fire protection system control valves in a manner that would prevent such equipment or fire hydrants from being immediately discernible. The fire department shall not be deterred or hindered from gaining immediate access to fire protection equipment or fire hydrants.


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Building Services And Systems

  • Approved heating system, listed.

    • 603.4 Portable unvented heaters. Portable unvented fuel-fired heating equipment shall be prohibited in occupancies in Groups A, E, I, R-1, R-2, R-3 and R-4.


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Building Services And Systems

  • Emergency Lighting /Exit lights in good operating order.

    • 1003.2.10.1 Where required. Exits and exit access doors shall be marked by an approved exit sign readily visible from any direction of egress travel. Access to exits shall be marked by readily visible exit signs in cases where the exit or the path of egress travel is not immediately visible to the occupants. Exit sign placement shall be such that no point in an exit access corridor is more than 100 feet (30 480 mm) from the nearest visible exit sign.


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Building Services And Systems

  • Electrical panels clear of storage. (Minimum 30”)

    • 605.3 Working space and clearance. A working space of not less than 30 inches (762 mm) in width, 36 inches (914 mm) in depth and 78 inches (1981 mm) in height shall be provided in front of electrical service equipment. Where the electrical service equipment is wider than 30 inches (762 mm), the working space shall not be less than the width of the equipment. No storage of any materials shall be located within the designated working space.


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Building Services And Systems

  • Wiring/fixtures in good condition. (Extension cords not suitable for permanent wiring.)

    • 605.1 Abatement of electrical hazards. Identified electrical hazards shall be abated. Identified hazardous electrical conditions in permanent wiring shall be brought to the attention of the code official responsible for enforcement of the ICC Electrical Code. Electrical wiring, devices, appliances and other equipment that is modified or damaged and constitutes an electrical shock or fire hazard shall not be used.


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Building Services And Systems

  • Type I hood system over all domestic cooking appliances that produce grease laden vapors.

    • 609.2.2 Domestic cooking appliances used for commercial purposes. Domestic cooking appliances utilized for commercial purposes shall be provided with Type I hoods as required for the type of appliances and processes in accordance with 609.2 and 609.2.1.


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Fire Resistant Rated Construction

  • Required fire resistant rating maintained. (Walls, Partitions, Floors)

    • 703.1 Maintenance. The required fire-resistance rating of fire-resistance-rated construction (including walls, fire stops, shaft enclosures, partitions and floors) shall be maintained. Such elements shall be properly repaired, restored or replaced when damaged, altered, breached or penetrated. Openings made therein for the passage of pipes, electrical conduit, wires, ducts, air transfer openings, and holes made for any reason shall be protected with approved methods capable of resisting the passage of smoke and fire. Openings through fire-resistance-rated assemblies shall be protected by self-closing or automatic-closing doors of approved construction meeting the fire protection requirements for the assembly.


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Fire Resistant Rated Construction

  • Door-hold open devices/automatic door closures operating properly.

    • 703.2.2 Hold-open devices and closers. Hold-open devices and automatic door closers, where provided, shall be maintained. During the period that such device is out of service for repairs, the door it operates shall remain in the closed position.


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Interior Decorations and Furnishings

  • No storage of clothing/personal effects in corridors and lobbies.

    • 803.3.1 Storage in corridors and lobbies. Clothing and personal effects shall not be stored in corridors and lobbies.

  • Group E and I-4 Facilities


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Interior Decorations and Furnishings

  • Maximum 10% of decorative materials covering walls. Does not apply to artwork and teaching material in classroom. Nothing Suspended from Ceiling.


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Interior Decorations and Furnishings

  • 20% maximum coverage for artwork and teaching materials located on corridor walls.

    • 803.3.2 Artwork. Artwork and teaching materials shall be limited on the walls of corridors to not more than 20 percent of the wall area.

    • Group E, and I-4 Facilities


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Interior Decorations and Furnishings

  • Exits free of obstructions.

    • 1011.3 Obstructions. A means of egress shall be free from obstructions that would prevent its use, including the accumulation of snow and ice.


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Cooking

  • M507.2.2 Domestic cooking appliances used for commercial purposes.

  • Domestic cooking appliances utilized for commercial purposes shall be provided with Type I or II hoods as required for the type of appliance and processed in accordance with 507.2 and 507.2.1

  • Exception- A maximum of 2 residential ranges ( 4 burner) in stalled in dwelling units, churches, schools, day care centers, break areas, and similar installations


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Fire Protection

  • Sprinkler system maintained with annual test reports provided.

    • 901.6 Inspection, testing and maintenance. Fire detection, alarm and extinguishing systems shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times, and shall be replaced or repaired where defective. Nonrequired fire protection systems and equipment shall be inspected, tested and maintained or removed.


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Fire Protection

  • Smoke detector/fire alarm system maintained with annual test reports provided.

    • 907.20 Inspection, testing and maintenance. The maintenance and testing schedules and procedures for fire alarm and fire detection systems shall be in accordance with this section and Chapter 7 of NFPA 72


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Fire Protection

  • Approved extinguishers mounted properly and in good working order.

    • 906.2 General requirements. Fire extinguishers shall be selected, installed and maintained in accordance with this section and NFPA 10.


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Fire Protection

  • Cooking suppression systems and hood exhaust properly maintained.

    • 6 month testing required.


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Means of Egress

  • All exits and their access to them shall be free of obstructions.

  • All locking devices on exit doors are of an approved type.

  • Yards and fencing to allow unobstructed exit to exterior of site.


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Child Care Fire Safety ProgramFebruary 06, 2007

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