chapter 13
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Chapter 13

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Chapter 13 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Chapter 13. Parole Conditions and Revocation. Introduction. Parole conditions determine the amount of freedom versus restriction a parolee has. The goals are accomplished by enforcing conditions and providing services that assist in community reintegration.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 13' - ivanbritt

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 13

Chapter 13

Parole Conditions and Revocation

  • Parole conditions determine the amount of freedom versus restriction a parolee has.
  • The goals are accomplished by enforcing conditions and providing services that assist in community reintegration.
  • As with probation, parole revocation occurs if the parolee violates the conditions of parole.

LO: 1

prisoner perspectives on getting out
Prisoner Perspectives on Getting Out
  • A California study of parolee perspectives found the reentry process a negative experience for about 1/2 of all parolees.
  • An Iowa study of the transition from prison to a halfway house and then to parole found inadequate preparation for release that required the payment of rent, seeking employment, and sustaining a job. LO: 2
the field parole officer
The Field Parole Officer
  • Parole officers manage caseloads of 60-75 parolees (25-50 for specialized caseloads) and perform the following functions:
    • Carry out and enforce the conditions of parole
    • Make referrals to treatment programs
    • Conduct investigations and report violations
    • Provide appropriate information to victims
    • Share information with law enforcement

LO: 2

the officer s perspective
The Officer’s Perspective
  • Parole officers generally view parole as more of an art than a science.
  • Parole officers believe the most important features of a reentry program are:
    • Steady employment - the key element
    • Remaining drug free
    • Positive family and peer social support
    • Structure in daily activities LO: 3
conditions of parole
Conditions of Parole
  • Standard conditions are mandatory for all parolees in a jurisdiction.
  • Special conditions are tailored to fit the needs of individual offenders.
  • Critics of excessive conditions argue that they often create unrealistic expectations and are destined to result in failure.

LO: 1

limited rights
Limited Rights
  • An offender on parole does not lose all constitutional rights.
  • However, as with probationers, the rights enjoyed are diminished, meaning that they are not as highly protected by the courts as similar rights enjoyed by nonoffenders.

LO: 1

first amendment
First Amendment
  • Even preferred rights such as First Amendment rights can be limited if an offender is on parole or probation.
  • The Federal Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit held a condition valid which prohibited a parolee from harassing, intimidating, or picketing in front of any gynecological or abortion family planning services center.

LO: 1

fourth amendment
Fourth Amendment
  • As a condition of parole, parolees must allow parole officers to search their car or place of residence without a search warrant.
  • This condition has been upheld for parole revocation hearings but not for a new criminal prosecution.
  • The exclusionary rule does not apply to parole or probation revocation hearings. LO: 4
legal issues in parole conditions for sex offenders
Legal Issues in Parole Conditions for Sex Offenders
  • Boling v. Romer (1996) held that the condition requiring a parolee to submit DNA samples did not violate Fourth or Fifth Amendment protections.
    • Parole is discretionary and can be conditional
  • Involvement in a treatment program for sex offenders requires that offenders admit their guilt. If the crime is denied, then the offender will not be allowed to participate in treatment.

LO: 4

violating parole
Violating Parole
  • The parole violation process begins when the parole officer discovers a potential violation.
  • Parole jurisdictions use both warrants and citations in the revocation process.
  • A 2 stage process is not required in parole revocations, and a conviction for a new offense constitutes sufficient evidence for revocation. LO: 5
parole violators
Parole Violators
  • In their 2005 study, Hoffman and Beck found that parole violators were 95% male, over ½ were African-American, and most were between 25-39 years of age.
  • The most serious offense resulting in revocation was a violent crime (34%), property crime (33%), drug crime (23%) and a public order crime (13%). LO: 2
revocation rate
Revocation Rate
  • Most rearrests of parolees occur within the first 6 months of release and within 3 years, 2/3 are rearrested.
  • If a parolee is ultimately revoked, in most cases, the revocation period is not long enough to justify a return to prison. Instead, revoked parolees remain in the community with more restrictions, or they remain in the county jail for the rest of their original sentence. LO: 5
underlying causes of revocation
Underlying Causes of Revocation
  • With more emphasis placed on control and punishment, the threshold level is lowered for what behavior is tolerated before a revocation occurs.
  • An increase in the average number of offenders that each parole officer has to supervise means offenders have less face-to-face contact.
  • There are more parole conditions, and thus more ways to violate.

LO: 3

  • A parole absconder is an offender who, without prior permission, escapes or flees the jurisdiction of supervision.
  • The two categories of absconders are:
    • Type I Absconders: Benign
    • Type II Absconders: Menace to Society

LO: 3

predicting absconding behavior ohio study
Predicting Absconding Behavior – Ohio Study
  • Predictive variables include:
    • Juvenile and adult felony convictions
    • Arrests within 5 years of the current crime
    • Previous adult incarcerations
    • Previous probation or parole revocations
  • In the California Study, the top 2 variables were unstable living arrangements and frequent unemployment. LO: 3
parole effectiveness
Parole Effectiveness
  • Parole has been widely criticized as a “revolving door” to prison that reduces the impact of criminal sentences and threatens public safety.
  • Recidivism, as a measure of parole success, depends on:
    • How recidivism is defined
    • The duration of time of the study
    • The size of the sampleLO: 4
predicting parole outcomes
Predicting Parole Outcomes
  • The variables shown to predict parole outcome are:
    • Gender
      • Male parolees return to prison at higher rates than women.
    • Number of prior arrests
      • The lower the number of previous arrests, the greater the likelihood or parole success.
    • Supervision versus no supervision
      • While studies vary in conclusion, success is increased when paired with treatment and reentry assistance. LO: 2