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Basic Referee Course. OBJECTIVES. Understand what to expect from U-10 players Successfully manage pre-game duties Know the parts of the field Know the number of players in each age group Recognize ball in and out of play. Basic Referee Course. OBJECTIVES. Understand method of scoring

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slide1

Basic Referee Course

OBJECTIVES

Understand what to expect from U-10 players

Successfully manage pre-game duties

Know the parts of the field

Know the number of players in each age group

Recognize ball in and out of play

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide2

Basic Referee Course

OBJECTIVES

Understand method of scoring

Know how to start,

when to stop

and how to restart play

Basic understanding of fouls,

misconduct and free kicks

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide3

Basic Referee Course

OBJECTIVES

Understand basics of offside

Use appropriate signals

Manage post-game situations

Understand the AYSO Team concept

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide4

AYSO Philosophies

Everyone Plays

Balanced Teams

Open Registration

Positive Coaching

Good Sportsmanship

Player Development

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide5

AYSO Philosophies

  • Everyone Plays
  • Our program’s goal is for kids to play soccer – so we mandate that every player on every team must play at least half of every game

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide6

AYSO Philosophies

  • Balanced Teams
  • Each year we form new teams as evenly balanced as possible – because it is fair and more fun when teams of equal ability play

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide7

AYSO Philosophies

  • Open Registration
  • Our program is open to all children between 4½ and 19 years of age who want to register and play soccer. Interest and enthusiasm are the only criteria for playing
  • Some of our regions even have VIP Programs that provide a quality soccer experience for those with physical or mental disabilities

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide8

AYSO Philosophies

  • Positive Coaching
  • Encouragement of player effort provides for greater enjoyment by the players and ultimately leads to better-skilled and
  • better-motivated players

OSITIVE

P

I

E

NSTRUCTIONAL

NCOURAGING

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide9

AYSO Philosophies

  • Good Sportsmanship
  • We strive to create a positive environment based on mutual respect rather than a
  • win-at-all-costs attitude, and our program is designed to instill good sportsmanship in every facet of AYSO

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide10

AYSO Philosophies

Player Development

We believe that all players should be able to develop their soccer skills and knowledge to the best of their abilities, both individually and as members of a team, in order to maximize their enjoyment of the game.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide11

AYSO Philosophies

Everyone Plays

Balanced Teams

Open Registration

Positive Coaching

Good Sportsmanship

Player Development

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide12

AYSO Team

PARENTS

REFEREES

KIDS

COACHES

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide13

AYSO Team

AYSO Team Rules

  • Work Together
  • Help Each Other
  • Protect Each Other
  • Do Our Best

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide14

History of the Game

Soccer is known as Football outside the USA

Earliest “organized” game was called Calcio,

played by the Romans.

It was very brutal.

But a heck of a

lot of fun !!

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide15

History of the Game

The modern game dates from 1863 when the Laws of the Game were established at a London pub

Two factions split from one another.

One was Rugby.

The other was Football

(soccer)

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide16

History of the Game

FIFA (Federation International de Football Association) governs the worldwide game

USSF (United States Soccer Federation) is the national governing body

AYSO is a National Association member of USSF

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide17

History of the Game

The Laws of the Game can be summarized in three simple words:

Fun

Fair

Safe

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide18

Philosophy of Refereeing

The Laws of the Game are intended to provide that games should be played with as little interference as possible, and in this view it is the duty of the referee to penalize only deliberate breaches of the Law.

Constant whistling for trifling and doubtful breaches produces bad feelings and loss of temper on the part of the players and spoils the pleasure of spectators.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide19

Philosophy of Refereeing

In the younger players’ games, the referee is more of a friendly guide than policeman.

Young players that commit technical errors (like taking a restart improperly) generally should be given a second chance.

Young players should never be subjected to public humiliation.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide20

Checking for Learning

How many Philosophies does AYSO have?

SIX

Name three of the six AYSO Philosophies.

Everyone Plays, Balanced Teams, Open Registration, Positive Coaching, Good Sportsmanship, Player Development

What acronym is used to describe how coaches are to behave with their players?

PIE

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide21

Checking for Learning

What does the acronym PIE stand for?

Positive

Instructional

Encouraging

How many members are on the AYSO Team?

THREE

Name two of the four AYSO Team rules.

Work together, Help each other,

Protect each other, Do their best

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide22

Checking for Learning

Which AYSO team member is

the foundation of the program?

The Coach

What three words embody the Spirit

of the Laws of the Game?

FUN FAIR SAFE

Should a young player who misbehaves be publicly disciplined as an example?

No

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide23

Understanding Younger Players

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide24

U-6 PlayersPhysical Characteristics

Early stages of development

Can run, jump and skip,

but motor skills are still developing

Lots of energy, but in bursts.

Can still tire easily

Can’t sit still long

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide25

U-6 PlayersSocial/Emotional Characteristics

Craves praise and attention

 Fearful of unknowns

Needs encouragement

Rapid and unpredictable mood changes

Disposition to telling tall tales

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide26

U-6 PlayersThought/Cognitive Characteristics

Lacks judgment regarding own safety/abilities 

Does not think logically 

Asks lots of questions 

Fond of stories

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide27

U-8 PlayersPhysical Characteristics

Plays hard and works at playing hard

 Sense of timing is developing

Eye-hand coordination has improved

Agility and endurance

much better than U-6

U-8 can now balance on one foot

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide28

U-8 PlayersSocial/Emotional Characteristics

Starting to define likes and dislikes

 Friendship is important

“Play” needs a purpose

Afraid of failure

Need for honesty training

Starting to compare self to others

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide29

U-8 PlayersSocial/Emotional Characteristics

Self-esteem and self concept

are big issues

Becoming more outgoing

Peer acceptance is very important

Quick to tattle

Cooperative with adults

Interested in belonging to group

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide30

U-8 PlayersThought/Cognitive Characteristics

Beginning to understand

moral rules of behavior

 Can solve some problems

Starting to grasp the Team concept

Understands the viewpoint of others

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide31

U-8 PlayersThought/Cognitive Characteristics

Needs concrete reinforcement

Treats every little mistake as a major crime

Rigidly interprets ideas of

justice and fair play

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide32

U-10 PlayersPhysical Characteristics

More interested in competitive activities

 More interested in improving skills

Attention span is increasing

May accept a physical touch,

but some will begin to reject it

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide33

U-10 PlayersSocial/Emotional Characteristics

Group acceptance is important

Wants to be liked

 Feelings are easily hurt

May blame others

to explain their own mistakes

Needs reinforcement

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide34

U-10 PlayersThought/Cognitive Characteristics

Can recall details with accuracy

Can understand the concept

of cause and effect

Enjoys attention but their reaction to praise may be more subdued

Still takes what is said quite literally

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide35

Understanding Younger Players

Implications for how

we officiate these games

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide36

Dealing with Coaches/Spectators

Use the AYSO Team concept to enlist cooperation

Remain calm and professional

Maintain control of your emotions

Intervene early to prevent escalation

(A smile, wink or look can defuse a bad situation)

Keep adults focused

on creating an enjoyable

experience for the players

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide37

Halfway Line

Goal Line

Corner

Flag

Halfway

Flag

Penalty Area

Goal

Area

Goal

Penalty Arc

Penalty Mark

Center Circle

Corner

Arc

Field of Play

Touch Line

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide38

Pre-game Duties and Activities

Arrive early

Check field and equipment

Introduce yourself to the Coaches

Check players equipment

Brief Assistant Referees

Conduct coin toss

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide39

Pre-game Duties and Activities

Arrive early

At least 15 minutes prior to game time

(20-30 mins if first game of the day)

In proper uniform

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide40

Pre-game Duties and Activities

Arrive early

With required equipment

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide41

Pre-game Duties and Activities

Check Field and Equipment

Markings

Holes, glass, rocks, debris, etc.

Goals (properly secured)

Nets (secured, no holes/gaps)

Corner flags

Ball

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide42

Pre-game Duties and Activities

Introduce yourself to the Coaches

Learn their names

and write them down

Be approachable

Not flippant, cold

or arrogant

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide43

Pre-game Duties and Activities

Check players equipment

Team Uniform

Shirt, Shorts, Shoes, Socks, Shinguards

If thermal shorts are worn, they

must be the same color as the shorts

Shinguards must be under the socks

Goalkeeper’s shirt must be distinguishable from all other players and the referee

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide44

Pre-game Duties and Activities

Check players equipment

Nothing dangerous (in your opinion)

No jewelry, watches, earrings

No casts or splints (even if padded)

Knee braces are okay, but only if padded and safe to all players (in your opinion)

Medical alert bracelets may be worn, but must be secured to the player with tape, cloth wristband or something similar that is safe.

The information must remain visible

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide45

Pre-game Duties and Activities

Brief Assistant Referees

Neutral AR’s:

Work as a team

Follow standard signals

Discuss non-standard signals

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide46

Pre-game Duties and Activities

Brief Assistant Referees

Club Linesmen:

Non-neutral

Explain expectations;

Put at ease

Only call in/out of play

Raise flag straight up when ball has gone completely over the line.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide47

Post-game Duties

Collect the game ball and return to owner.

Supervise team handshake

Complete lineup card and misconduct report (if any)

Congratulate referee team and seek feedback

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide48

123

U10

ABC

Blue Angels

Blue/White

Jane Doe

John Doe

Mia Hamm

5

X

West

5/21/06

12:15

1 - 1

N/A

3 - 2

I

I

X

3

X

Julie Foudy

X

7

Tiffeny Milbrett

9

Cindy Parlow

11

Abby Wambach

Post-game Duties

I

X

13

Kristine Lilly

X

15

Michelle Akers

Blue Angels

Red Devils

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide49

Checking for Learning

During the safety inspection of the players, the referee notices that a player is wearing earrings. She explains that she had her ears pierced the previous day and if she removes the earrings the holes will close.

What should the referee do?

The referee should explain to the player that earrings are not permitted; if she wishes to play, she must remove them. The referee may choose to involve the coach.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide50

Checking for Learning

In a U-8 game, the ball offered by the home team is a size 4 but otherwise acceptable.

What should the referee do?

Point out to the team that provided the ball that it is the wrong size and ask for a size 3 ball. If the team cannot provide one, ask the other team for one. If no size 3 ball is available, play the match with a size 4 ball.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide51

Checking for Learning

During the field inspection, the referee notices that a goal is being held in place by two bricks placed on the back of the structure. What should the referee do?

Bricks resting on the goal structure are not sufficient to anchor it securely. The referee should inform the coaches that the goals need to be securely anchored before the match can start.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide52

Checking for Learning

The goalkeeper must wear a jersey that is __?

Different from the referee and all other players

It is not necessary to check the field prior to the start of the match if it is the last game of the day. (True/False)

False

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide53

Checking for Learning

A club linesman may indicate whether a corner kick can be awarded or not. (True/False)

False. Club linesmen can only indicate when the ball has gone over the touchline or the goal line (not a goal).

Knee braces may be worn by a player (T/F)

True, but only if padded and if it is safe for all players, in the opinion of the referee.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide54

Now that we’ve finished our

pre-game activities....

How do we start the game?

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide55

Starting the Game

Conduct coin toss

Brief introduction (no long lectures)

Doesn’t matter who tosses

the coin or who calls it

Winner of the coin toss

chooses which goal to attack

The other team takes

the kick-off

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide56

Kick-Off

Verify the correct number

of players on the field

(no visible/audible counting).

Minimum of seven (7) players on each team for full-sided regulation games.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide57

Defenders must be 10 yds from the ball

All players must be on their own side

A

D

A

D

A

D

A

D

D

A

A

A

D

A

D

D

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide58

Kick-Off

The ball is stationary in the center of the field.

Referee blows whistle to start play.

Ball is in play when kicked

and moves forward.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide59

Keeping Time

Time starts when the ball has been put into play (kicked and moves forward).

The match consists of two equal periods.

The clock is stopped (or time added) for excessive time lost due to substitutions, time wasting or unusual delays.

The amount of time lost (if any) is determined by the referee.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide60

Checking for Learning

The team that wins the coin toss

gets to choose ____ ?

Which goal to attack

Where should the players be on a kick-off?

Each team should be in its

own half of the field.

The team that is not taking the kick-off must be outside the center circle.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide61

Stopping the Game

There are seven reasons to stop play:

Ball goes out of play

The referee deems it necessary

Goal is scored

Foul is committed

Injury

Substitution

Halftime / End of Game

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide62

The lines of the field are part of

the area they define:

In Play

In Play

IN

OUT

In Play

Either in the air or on the ground

Out of Play

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide63

The ball’s position determines whether it is in or out of play;

Not the player’s position

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide64

Play is stopped when the referee deems it necessary

Sometimes there are outside influences that make it necessary to stop play.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide65

Play is stopped when a goal is scored

When the ball crosses

wholly over the goal line,

between the goalposts

and beneath the crossbar.

It does not matter which team put it there.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide66

Play is stopped when

a foul is committed

This is something that is unfair or unsafe.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide67

Play is stopped for injuries

ANYTIME

IMMEDIATELY

In younger players’ games it’s better to err on the side of caution

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide68

Play is stopped for injuries

Blood on clothing must be neutralized.

Blood on the body must be removed.

This is the coach’s responsibility

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide69

Play is stopped for substitutions

There are four opportunities for substitutions during a regulation match:

Injury

Approx. midway through the first half

Halftime

Approx. midway through the second half

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide70

Play is stopped at the end of the first half and at the end of the game

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide71

Checking for Learning

When can the referee stop play for an injury?

Anytime

Immediately

A player dribbling the ball steps over the line. The ball is out of play. (True/False)

False. It’s the position of the ball (not the player) that determines whether the ball is in play or not.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide72

Checking for Learning

Is this ball IN or OUT of play?

OUT

IN

IN Play

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide73

Checking for Learning

How many substitution opportunities are there in a regulation match?

Four

Name them

Approx. midway through the first half

Halftime

Approx. midway through the second half

Injury

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide74

Checking for Learning

A player is injured and leaves the field (with the referee’s permission). What are the coach’s substitution options?

The team can play short until the player returns to the field (with the referee’s permission); or

A substitute can replace the injured player.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide75

Checking for Learning

A player is injured and leaves the field (with the referee’s permission). The coach decides to substitute the injured player. Which player gets credit for the “quarter”?

The player that started the “quarter”.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide76

Checking for Learning

If the boundary line of the field is a rut in the grass and the ball gets caught in the rut as it rolls, is it in play?

Yes. The lines are a part of the area they define. The ball remains in play until the entire ball crosses the entire line.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide77

Checking for Learning

According to the National Rules and Regulations, what is the minimum amount of time each team member must play?

Half the game (two “quarters”)

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide78

Fouls and Misconduct

  • OBJECTIVES:
  • Explain the two categories of fouls
  • Cover fouls that occur
  • in younger players’ games
  • Introduce the concept of misconduct

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide79

A foul is an unsafe or unfair act:

Committed by a player

Against an opponent

On the field of play

While the ball is in play

All four elements must exist for the incident to be a foul.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide80

Fouls are categorized into two types:

Direct Free Kick fouls

Indirect Free Kick fouls

These categories are named for the way play is restarted

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide81

Direct Free Kick fouls

There are 10

Kicks an opponent

Trips an opponent

Strikes an opponent

Even the attempt to commit any of these three actions is a foul.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide82

Direct Free Kick fouls

There are 10

Jumps at an opponent

Unfairly charges an opponent

Pushes an opponent

Tackles an opponent

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide83

Direct Free Kick fouls

There are 10

Holds an opponent

Spits at an opponent

Handles the ball deliberately

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide84

Direct Free Kick fouls

Six of these fouls most commonly occur

in U-10 and younger age groups:

  • Kicks an opponent
  • Trips an opponent
  • Pushes an opponent
  • Holds an opponent
  • Unfairly charges an opponent
  • Handles the ball deliberately

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide85

Indirect Free Kick fouls

There are 7

The first four pertain solely to the goalkeeper in his own penalty area.

Takes more than six seconds while controlling the ball with his hands, before releasing it from his possession

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide86

Indirect Free Kick fouls

The first four pertain solely to the goalkeeper in his own penalty area.

Touches the ball again with his hands after it has been released from his possession and has not touched any other player.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide87

Indirect Free Kick fouls

The first four pertain solely to the goalkeeper in his own penalty area.

Touches the ball with his hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him by a team-mate.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide88

Indirect Free Kick fouls

The first four pertain solely to the goalkeeper in his own penalty area.

Touches the ball with his hands after he has received it directly from a throw-in taken by a team-mate.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide89

Indirect Free Kick fouls

The remaining three pertain to all players.

Plays in a dangerous manner

Impedes the progress of an opponent

Prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his hands

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide90

Indirect Free Kick

Two of these fouls most commonly occur

in U-10 and younger age groups:

  • Plays in a dangerous manner
  • Goalkeeper takes more than six seconds to put the ball into play

Be prompt with the Dangerous Play call.

Don’t be too ticky-tacky with the “six second” call

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide91

MISCONDUCT

Behavior that is in serious conflict with the spirit of the game and good sportsmanship

(Something that’s very rare in the U-10 game)

Two types of Misconduct:

Those resulting in a Caution

Those resulting in a Send-Off

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide92

MISCONDUCT

There are seven cautionable offences:

Unsporting behavior

Dissent by word or action

Persistently infringes the Laws of the Game

Delays the restart of play

Fails to respect the required distance on a corner kick, free kick or throw-in

Enters/re-enters the field of play without permission

Leaves the field of play without permission

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide93

MISCONDUCT

There are seven send-off offences:

Serious foul play

Violent conduct

Spits at any person

Denies a goal or obvious goal-scoring opportunity by deliberately handling the ball

Denies an obvious goal-scoring opportunity by an offense punishable by a free kick or penalty kick

Offensive/insulting/abusive language or gestures

Receives a second caution in the same match

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide94

Misconduct is rare in U-10 games.

Referees should deal with it informally without showing cards.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide95

Coaches and spectators can be warned and even dismissed from the game.

But they must never be shown the red or yellow card.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide96

Checking for Learning

There are two types of fouls. Name them.

Direct Free Kick Fouls

Indirect Free Kick Fouls

Why are the fouls given these names?

They are named for the way play is restarted after the referee has stopped play because of the foul.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide97

Checking for Learning

What are the six Direct Free Kick fouls most often seen in U-10 games?

Kicking an opponent

Tripping an opponent

Pushing an opponent

Holding an opponent

Unfairly Charging an opponent

Handling the ball deliberately

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide98

Checking for Learning

What are the two Indirect Free Kick fouls most often seen in U-10 games?

Dangerous Play

Goalkeeper takes more than six seconds to put the ball into play

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide99

Checking for Learning

What kind of foul is:

Handling the ball deliberately?

Direct Free Kick Foul

What kind of foul is:

Pushing an opponent?

Direct Free Kick Foul

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide100

Checking for Learning

What kind of foul is:

Playing in a dangerous manner?

Indirect Free Kick Foul

If a player tries to hit another opponent but misses, the referee cannot call a foul. (True/False)

False. Even the attempt to strike an opponent can be a foul.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide101

Checking for Learning

The ball bounces up and hits a player in the arm. Is this a foul?

No

A player that’s lying on the ground kicks at the ball. No one else is near.

Is this dangerous play?

No

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide102

Checking for Learning

The referee thinks a foul may have occurred but he’s not sure. Should he stop play?

No

A U-10 player is guilty of one of the types of Misconduct. The player should be shown the yellow or red card. (True/False)

The referee has the authority to show the card, but should work together with the coach to resolve the matter

without displaying a card.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide103

Checking for Learning

A coach is behaving badly and the referee elects to dismiss the coach from the field. If the coach’s conduct is terribly bad, the referee may show the coach the red card.

Cards are solely for the players.

Coaches/Spectators are NEVER

to be shown the cards.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide104

Restarting the Game

For some reason, the game has been stopped.

(Injury, goal, foul, ball out of play, etc.)

How do we restart play?

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide105

Restarting the Game

THROW-IN

When the ball passes out of play over a touch line, play is restarted with a Throw-in.

The throw is taken by the opponents of the team that last touched the ball.

The throw is taken from the approximate point on the line where the ball left the field.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Restarting the Game

  • THROW-IN
  • At the moment of delivering
  • the ball, the thrower must:
  • Face the field of play;
  • Have part of each foot touching the ground either on or behind the line; and
  • Use both hands to deliver the ball from behind and over the head.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Restarting the Game

  • THROW-IN
  • The ball is in play as soon as released and any portion of it is on or over the outside edge of the touchline.
  • Opposing players must be
  • at least 2 yds. from the
  • point of the throw-in.
  • A goal may not be scored
  • directly from a throw-in.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Restarting the Game

GOAL KICK

When the whole ball passes over the goal line, last touched by an attacker (not a goal), play is restarted with a Goal Kick for the defending team.

The ball is placed anywhere

in the goal area.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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GOAL KICK

All of these balls are legally placed

within the goal area.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Restarting the Game

GOAL KICK

The ball is in play when it leaves the penalty area into the field of play

The kicker cannot touch the ball a second time until it’s touched by any other player.

A goal can be scored directly from a goal kick, but only against the opposing team.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Restarting the Game

CORNER KICK

When the whole ball passes over the goal line, last touched by a defender (not a goal), play is restarted with a Corner Kick for the attacking team.

The ball is placed anywhere

within the corner arc area.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Restarting the Game

CORNER KICK

All of these balls

are legally placed

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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CORNER KICK

Players from the opposing team

must be 10 yds. from the ball.

The ball is in play when it is kicked

(with a kicking motion) and moves.

It does not have to leave the

corner arc area.

The kicker cannot move the corner flag.

A goal can be scored

directly from a corner kick.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Restarting the Game

FREE KICKS

A way to restart play when the Referee has stopped play because of a foul.

There are two types of free kicks:

Direct Free Kick

Indirect Free Kick

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Restarting the Game

Direct Free Kick (DFK)

A goal can be scored directly from the kick

(against the opposing team)

Indirect Free Kick (IFK)

The ball must touch any other player before a goal can be scored

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Restarting the Game

To signal an Indirect Free Kick, the Referee holds his hand straight up into the air.

The hand remains in this position until the ball either (a) touches any other player, or (b) goes out of play.

There is no signal for a Direct Free Kick

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Restarting the Game

The kicker may not touch the ball a second time until it has touched another player.

Exception: If a free kick taken by the defending team in its own penalty area is touched a second time before the ball leaves the penalty area, the kick is retaken.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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In most cases a Free Kick (both types) is:

  • Taken from the location of the foul, and
  • In play once it is kicked (with a kicking motion) and moves.
  • All opponents must
  • be 10 yds. from the ball.
  • But there are some exceptions.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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If a free kick of any type is awarded to the defending team in its own goal area, the ball can be placed anywhere in the goal area

Direction of Kick

The ball is in play once it leaves the Penalty Area into the field of play

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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If an IFK is awarded to the attacking team in its opponent’s goal area, the ball is moved out to the goal area line.

Direction of Kick

The ball is in play once it is kicked and moves.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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If a Direct Free Kick Foul is awarded to the attacking team in the opponent’s penalty area, a penalty kick is awarded instead.

Direction of Kick

The ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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PENALTY KICK

  • (U-10 and above, only)
  • A penalty kick is awarded when a direct free kick foul has been committed by a team within its own penalty area.
  • All players (other than the kicker and the goalkeeper) must be:
  • Outside the penalty area and penalty arc
  • Behind the ball
  • Until the ball is played.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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PENALTY KICK

  • (U-10 and above, only)
  • The goalkeeper must remain on the goal line (but can move side-to-side) until the ball is in play.
  • The ball is in play
  • once it is kicked
  • and moves forward.
  • The kicker may not touch the ball a second time until touched by any other player.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Restarting the Game

DROPPEDBALL

A way to restart play for

an unusual but neutral reason.

Examples:

Injury

Dog on the field

Stray ball on the field

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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DROPPED BALL

The referee drops the ball where it was when play was stopped.

The ball is dropped from the

players’ waist height.

The ball is in play when it hits the ground.

If a player kicks the ball before it hits the ground, the ball is dropped again.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Checking for Learning

The ball goes completely over the touch line, last touched by an attacker.

What is the restart?

Throw-in for the defending team

The ball goes completely over the goal line (not a goal), last touched by a defender. What is the restart?

Corner Kick

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Checking for Learning

Is this ball legally placed for a corner kick?

Yes

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Checking for Learning

What does this signal indicate?

Indirect Free Kick

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Checking for Learning

How many players must be present for the taking of a dropped ball?

There is no requirement

The ball goes completely over the goal line (not a goal), last touched by an attacker. What is the restart?

Goal Kick

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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OFFSIDE

The Offside Law is the only law that restricts tactical positioning during dynamic play.

The offside law is intended to ensure that players earn the right to shoot on goal.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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OFFSIDE

Elements of the offside infraction:

Position

Time of Judgment

Active Involvement

All three elements must be present or there cannot be an infraction

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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OFFSIDE

Offside Position

A Player is in an offside position if he is:

In the opponents’ half of the field;

Closer to the opponents’ goal line than at least two opponents; and

Closer to the opponents’ goal line than the ball

All three elements must be present or the player is not in an offside position, and there cannot be an infraction

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Offside Position

It is not an offence to be in an offside position

It just means that player is

momentarily off his team.

He cannot interfere with play or any of the opposing players.

He cannot have any involvement in the match.

He’s off his team.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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OFFSIDE

Time of Judgment

Offside Position is judged at the moment

the ball touchesor is played by one of his team

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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OFFSIDE

Active Involvement

A player may be involved in active play by:

Interfering with play;

Interfering with an opponent; or

Gaining an advantage by being in that position.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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OFFSIDE

Once all three of these conditions have been met:

POSITION

TIME OF JUDGMENT

ACTIVE INVOLVEMENT

An offside infraction has occurred

An indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team from the place the infringement occurred.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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OFFSIDE

Exceptions

There is no offence if a player

receives the ball directly from:

Goal Kick

Corner Kick

Throw-In

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Direction of attack

AR

OFFSIDE

A1

A2

D

A

A

D

A

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Direction of attack

AR

NOT OFFSIDE

D

A1

A

A

A2

D

A

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Direction of attack

AR

NOT OFFSIDE

D

A1

A

A

A2

D

A

A

A3

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Direction of attack

AR

NOT OFFSIDE

Goal Kick

A2

A1

A

A

D

A

D

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Direction of attack

AR

OFFSIDE

A

D

D

A

Deflection off goalpost or goalkeeper

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Direction of attack

AR

NOT

OFFSIDE

D

A

D

A

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Direction of attack

AR

OFFSIDE

A

A

A

D

D

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Direction of attack

AR

OFFSIDE

A

D

D

A

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Direction of attack

AR

OFFSIDE

D

A

A

A

D

D

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Direction of attack

AR

NOT

OFFSIDE

D

A

A

D

A

D

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Direction of attack

Corner Kick

AR

A

A

A

OFFSIDE

D

D

D

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Key Takeaways

It is not an offence to be in an offside position

Wait for Active Involvement before penalizing for offside

The player is not required to

touch the ball for the offside

to be penalized

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Referee and Asst. Referee Mechanics

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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What are the Duties of the Referee ?

Keep a record of the match

Timekeeper

Scorekeeper

Control substitutions

File a written report

Stop play for injury

Restart play when it has been stopped

Suspend/terminate a match for cause

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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REFEREE COMMUNICATION / SIGNALS

Whistle

Voice

Hand

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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REFEREE POSITIONING

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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REFEREE POSITIONING

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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REFEREE POSITIONING

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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ASST. REFEREE DUTIES AND SIGNALS

  • Neutral Assistant Referee:
  • Indicate ball out of play
  • Indicate which side gets
  • throw-in, goal kick or corner kick
  • Indicate when offside infringement has occurred
  • Indicate when substitution is desired
  • Assist the referee to control the game

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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ASST. REFEREE DUTIES AND SIGNALS

Club Linesmen

Only indicate ball

in-and-out of play

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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ASST. REFEREE DUTIES AND SIGNALS

  • FLAG SIGNALS:
  • Throw-in
  • Goal Kick
  • Corner Kick
  • Offside
  • Goal
  • Other

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Key Takeaways

The Referee’s role is to ensure the game is Fun, Fair and Safe

Assistant Referees assist the Referee

The referee team positions

themselves to “box” play

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Checking for Learning

Who determines when the half is over?

The Referee

Who makes the offside call?

The Referee

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Checking for Learning

What method of communication by the Referee is most effective to say to the players

“Stop playing – I saw a foul”?

The whistle

What is the Assistant Referee’s signal for a throw-in awarded to the attacking team?

Faces the field of play and raises the flag 45 degrees above the diagonal in his right hand, parallel to the touch line

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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Checking for Learning

What method of communication by the Referee is most effective to announce to the players to take a kickoff?

The whistle

What is the Club Linesman’s signal for a

throw-in awarded to the attacking team?

None. A Club Linesman can only indicate when the ball has gone completely out of play (by raising the flag straight up). He cannot indicate who gets the throw-in.

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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FUNDAMENTAL COACHING CONCEPTS

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS: DEFENDERS:

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS: DEFENDERS:

SCORE

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS: DEFENDERS:

SCORE STOP SCORING

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS: DEFENDERS:

SCORE STOP SCORING

ADVANCE

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS: DEFENDERS:

SCORE STOP SCORING

ADVANCE DELAY

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS: DEFENDERS:

SCORE STOP SCORING

ADVANCE DELAY

MAINTAIN POSSESSION

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS: DEFENDERS:

SCORE STOP SCORING

ADVANCE DELAY

MAINTAIN POSSESSION REGAIN POSSESSION

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS: DEFENDERS:

SCORE STOP SCORING

ADVANCE DELAY

MAINTAIN POSSESSION REGAIN POSSESSION

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS: DEFENDERS:

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:DEFENDERS:

PENETRATION

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS: DEFENDERS:

PENETRATION DELAY

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:DEFENDERS:

PENETRATION DELAY

DEPTH

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS: DEFENDERS:

PENETRATION DELAY

DEPTH DEPTH

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:DEFENDERS:

PENETRATION DELAY

DEPTH DEPTH

MOBILITY

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PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS: DEFENDERS:

PENETRATION DELAY

DEPTH DEPTH

MOBILITY BALANCE

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:DEFENDERS:

PENETRATION DELAY

DEPTH DEPTH

MOBILITY BALANCE

WIDTH

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS: DEFENDERS:

PENETRATION DELAY

DEPTH DEPTH

MOBILITY BALANCE

WIDTH CONCENTRATION

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:DEFENDERS:

PENETRATION DELAY

DEPTH DEPTH

MOBILITY BALANCE

WIDTH CONCENTRATION

CREATIVITY

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS: DEFENDERS:

PENETRATION DELAY

DEPTH DEPTH

MOBILITY BALANCE

WIDTH CONCENTRATION

CREATIVITY COMPOSURE

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS: DEFENDERS:

PENETRATION DELAY

DEPTH DEPTH

MOBILITY BALANCE

WIDTH CONCENTRATION

CREATIVITY COMPOSURE

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

slide185

In AYSO,

It’s about more than the game !

Basic Referee Course 1.1 - Lesson 1

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