Rice production in rwanda
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Rice Production in Rwanda. By SENDEGE Norbert. Background-Basic Facts. Rwanda is located in eastern central Africa Total territory : 26338 km2. Arable land is :1385000 ha . Actual cultivated land is:825000 ha. Elevation : 900 m - 4500 m above sea level.

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Rice production in rwanda

Rice Production in Rwanda

By SENDEGE Norbert

Background basic facts
Background-Basic Facts

  • Rwanda is located in eastern central Africa

  • Total territory : 26338 km2.

  • Arable land is :1385000 ha .

  • Actual cultivated land is:825000 ha.

  • Elevation : 900 m - 4500 m above sea level.

  • Population now is more than 9.5 million, density(360 people / km2),

  • Annual birth growth rate is 2.9 %.

  • Majority of people (90%) lives in rural areas

  • Rice is cultivated in Rwanda from late 1950’s

  • In 2008, rice were grown on 12000 ha, the production were 66000 T of paddy

Basic fact cont d
Basic fact (cont’d)

  • Since the 1980s, Rwanda has been unable to meet its domestic food needs from national production.

  • Especially important has been the growth of rice imports to satisfy demand for this convenience food the consumption of which has grown rapidly, especially in urban areas.

  • Production of rice has been given high priority by Government, especially in the valley bottom marshlands, where it presents a unique opportunity (potential yield over 7 T/Ha) for each of two crops per year,

  • Furthermore, with rice prices having risen substantially on international markets during the past two years, rice has become for most farmers a valuable cash crop.

Background related policies
Background-Related Policies

  • Improving productivity up to the projected national average of 7tons/ha of paddy rice.

  • Extension of the cultivable area up to 66.904 ha of marshlands.

  • Construction and/or maintenance of the water supply systems, to allow two growing seasons/year.

  • Ensure handling and processing infrastructure to minimise post -harvest losses and to maximize harvest in quantity and quality.

Priority agro ecologies
Priority agro-ecologies

  • Rwanda produce low land irrigated rice (99,9%)

  • Rice crop in Rwanda is grown in developed flood valleys or in the marshland

  • The elevation of the rice cultivation area in Rwanda vary between 900m and 1400 m

  • The temperature vary between 19-29 degree Celicius

Priority sub sector
Priority Sub-sector

  • Seed

    -Seed system in Rwanda is governed by the seed low and related regulations.

    -ISAR produce Breeder seeds

    -RADA produce Foundation seed

    -Private multiplies produce certified seeds

    -Remark: Many farmers use their own seeds

  • Marshland development and Water management

    -The marshland development is mainly made by the government

    -Water management is under farmers organization (Cooperatives)

List of development partners for rice related intervention
List of development partners for rice (related intervention)

  • Rural Sector Support Project for (RSSP) for marshland development,

  • Projet d’Appui au Developement Agricole de Bugasera (PADAB),

  • Strategic Plan for the Transformation of Agriculture in Rwanda (PAPSTA)

  • Agro-Action-Allemande (AAA) Project