The effects of alcohol
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The Effects of Alcohol. Long Terms Effects of abuse. Alcohol is addictive Abuse can lead to damage to the: Liver, heart, brain, stomach, reproductive organs, lungs, throat…. A Healthy Liver. Alcohol Abuse can lead to. Liver Cirrhosis Which is Scarring of the Liver. The brain.

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The Effects of Alcohol

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The Effects of Alcohol

Long Terms Effects of abuse

Alcohol is addictive

Abuse can lead to damage to the:

Liver, heart, brain, stomach, reproductive organs, lungs, throat…

A Healthy Liver

Alcohol Abuse can lead to..

Liver Cirrhosis

Which is Scarring of the Liver

The brain

  • Alcohol is a depressant drug

  • Alcohol slows down the brain + body

  • Alcohol abuse can lead to damage to the cells in the brain

The brain

The heart

  • Alcohol in large amounts damages the heart.

  • It makes the heart pump harder

  • It also damages arteries and make can cause blockages

  • This can lead to a Heart attack or stroke

  • It can also cause high blood pressure

The lungs

  • Alcohol makes you more likely to catch chest infections

  • Also, An overdose of alcohol can stop you breathing

The stomach

Drinking in pregnancy

It is best for pregnant women to avoid alcohol completely as it can damage the unborn baby.

If they do drink, they should limit the amount to one unit of alcohol a day, once or twice a week.

Heavy drinking during pregnancy can lead to foetal alcohol syndrome.

Damage to Unborn babies

  • Signs of Foetal Alcohol syndrome:

    • Small head

    • Small eyes

    • No bridge of nose

    • No groove above lip

    • Flat mid face

Often associated with mental health problems



Short Term Effects

Alcohol is a depressant – it slows down workings on the brain and nervous system.


Increased risk taking leading to accidents and injuries

Judgment becomes blurred

Poor Co-ordination

Slowed breathing and heartbeat

Loss of consciousness

Memory loss

Slower reaction times

You must be OVER 18 years old to buy alcohol

It it ILLEGAL for an adult to buy alcohol for someone UNDER 18 years in a licenced or public place.

It is Illegal to drink alcohol and drive

Some of the short term effects of alcohol;

  • slower reaction times;

  • increased risk-taking;

  • judgement becomes blurred;

  • poor co-ordination.

    This is why it is dangerous to drink alcohol before driving a car.

Units of Alcohol

Alcohol is measured in units

The government advises that people should avoid regular drinking:

Men – no more than 3 to 4 units per day.

Women – no more than 2 to 3 units per day.

After a large consumption of alcohol (binge drinking) in one session, it is recommended to avoid alcohol for at least 48 hours to allow the body to break down all the alcohol consumed.

It takes 1 hour for the body to break down 1 unit of alcohol.

What happens to alcohol in the body?

  • Alcohol is absorbed from the stomach and the small intestine.

  • This occurs more slowly if alcohol is consumed with food.

  • Alcohol is soluble in water and carried around the body in the bloodstream.

  • Alcohol is removed from the blood by the liver over a period of several hours- It takes 1 hour to break down 1 unit of alcohol.

  • Alcohol makes people dehydrated.

  • People get hangovers after drinking because dehydration makes the brain shrink away from the skull

Alcohol and Society


  • Either on its own or in conjunction with other factors, alcohol is estimated to be responsible for at least 33,000 deaths in the UK each year.

On average, 3000 people end up in UK hospitals after drinking alcohol on a typical night

Alcohol - Pros

  • For many people, alcohol is part of their social life

  • Small amount can make you feel relaxed

  • Makes you less inhibited

  • Can feel more confident

  • Your liver can usually deal with alcohol and break it down so that it does not cause permanent damage or death.

Advantages of drinking alcohol

How many Units?

1. 2 Whiskeys and half a normal lager =

2 units + 1 unit = 3 units

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