Text i of unit 5 book ii
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Text I of Unit 5 (Book II). Friends For Life 终生至交. If you want one, be one. = If you want a friend, try to be a friend to others. “The only way to have a friend is to be one.” — Ralph Waldo Emerson 爱默生 (1803—1882 American poet, essayist). Para. 1

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Text I of Unit 5 (Book II)

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Text i of unit 5 book ii

Text I of Unit 5 (Book II)

Friends For Life

终生至交


Text i of unit 5 book ii

If you want one, be one.

= If you want a friend, try to be a friend to others.

“The only way to have a friend is to be one.”

— Ralph Waldo Emerson

爱默生 (1803—1882 American poet, essayist)


Text i of unit 5 book ii

Para. 1

1. Even though “friend” is a term of endearment used to describe many people in our lives, we often have a hard time knowing what the term means.

= Even if “friend” is a term of endearment which (that ) is used to describe many people in our lives, we often have a difficult time in knowing what the term means.


Text i of unit 5 book ii

2. identify … as 把…确定为

to recognize or to name…as

身份证

identity card

The word “as” here is a prep. (介词)。

3. confide in

If you confide in someone, you tell them about a private problem or some other secret matter because you trust them not to tell anyone else about it.

向…吐露秘密;信任;依赖


Text i of unit 5 book ii

Para. 2

1. In our transient cultures, we depend more on friends for things we once got from families.(compound sentence 复合句)

= In our changing cultures, we depend more on friends for things that we got from families.

The things here mainly means emotional support and often even financial help.


Text i of unit 5 book ii

2. With so many people living away from their families, friends provide essential companionship.

= As there are so many people living away from their families, friends provide basic partnership (friendship).

= As so many people live away from their families, friends provide basic partnership (friendship).


Text i of unit 5 book ii

With 跟带现在分词的复合结构

1) The day was bright, with a fresh breeze blowing.

2) I won’t be able to go on holiday with my mother being ill.

3) With spring coming on, it’s time to go sighseeing in the countryside.

4) Patrick soon fell asleep with the light still burning.

5) Meanwhile, with the price of gold going up, South Africa’s economy was good.


Text i of unit 5 book ii

With 跟带过去分词的复合结构

1) All the afternoon he worked with the door locked.

2) She sat with her head bent.

3) Patricia sat in a chair with her hands folded.


Text i of unit 5 book ii

Para. 4

  • Since he died, my sister, with whom I fought fiercely when we were younger, has become one of my best friends.

    =Since he died, my sister has become one of my best friends. I fought fiercely with her when we were younger.

    2. And I’m very close to my only daughter, Lisa.

    Please pay attention to the pronunciation of the word “ close”.


Text i of unit 5 book ii

3. Friendship ranks with marriage and kinship as one of the most important relationships in our lives.

= Friendship ranks as one of the most important relationships in our lives with marriage and kinship.

rank as: 可算作,把…看作

1) He ranks as one of outstanding presidents of our time.

2) London ranks as one of the world’s largest cities.

3) Many people rank Ba Jing (巴金)as a great writer.

4) Yao Ming ranks among the world’s best basketballers.


Text i of unit 5 book ii

Para. 7

  • Many people have been making friends since childhood.

    = Many people have been making friends since we were children.

    2. Then we find that the heart of friendship requires more attention and skill than we thought.

    That introduces an object clause.In this object clause there is another clause.

    Than introduces an adverbial clause of comparison.

    Then we find that the heart of friendship requires more attention and skill than we thought the heart of friendship required attention and skill.


Text i of unit 5 book ii

Para. 8

1. Becoming friends involves a process of sharing.

Becoming friends is a gerundial phrase 动名词短语

Sharing here is a gerund.

= If you want to become a friend of others, it really involves a process of sharing.

…”what partners reveal to each other about themselves.” What kind of clause is it?

It is an object clause (宾语从句,作介词over 的宾语)


Text i of unit 5 book ii

… a gradual relaxation of vigilance over ….

vigilance: alert watchfulness

Looking after young children requires constant vigilance. You never know what would happen next.

“involve” here means “need”

  • This project involves lots of efforts.

    这个项目需要做做很多工作。

    b. The job invovled me / my staying in Singapore for a month.

    这项工作需要我在新加坡呆一段时间。


Text i of unit 5 book ii

2. Friends must learn to balance the inclination to be open with the need to be protective of each other’s feelings.

Paraphrase: Friends must learn to keep a balance between the tendency to be open and the need to protect each other’s feelings.

句中的两个不定式短语 to be open 和 to be protective of each other’s feelings 都作定语,分别修饰其前的名词inclination 和 need


Text i of unit 5 book ii

3. A best-friendship gets out of balance when the intensity becomes too one-sided.

Paraphrase: Friendship between best friends will lose balance and suffer if there is too much disclosure or too much protection of each other’s feelings.

  • Total disclosure isn’t what makes intimacy in a relationship.

    Total disclosure is not the thing that makes intimacy in a relationship.


Text i of unit 5 book ii

Para. 9

Increasing numbers of people are finding that gender doesn’t matter when it comes to friendship, as the sexes mingle more often today.

As introduces an adverbial clause of reason.

Paraphrase: More and more people are finding that gender is not important when they talk about friendship, for the male and the female can get in touch with one another more easily and more often.


Text i of unit 5 book ii

Para. 10

  • “ I was working on the assembly line with Marcia, just as I would with a guy.

    (=just as I would work on the assembly line with other colleagues.)

    Here “ as “ introduces an adverbial clause of manner. (方式状语从句)


Text i of unit 5 book ii

2. And she kept pointing out how patronizing I was, offering to do the work for her because I felt she was less capable.

patronizing (adj.) : Someone who is patronizing speaks or behaves towards you in a way which seems friendly, but which shows that they think that they are superior to you in some way ; used showing disapproval


Text i of unit 5 book ii

自视高人一等的,太自以为是,

Don’t be so patronizing---I’m not a child any more. I know just as much about it as you do.

Here “ pointing out “ is gerund, used as object.

Here “offering…..” is used as adverbial ,attending circumstances.(作伴随性状语)


Text i of unit 5 book ii

Para.11

  • What I knew about women I ‘d learned from my father.

    This sentence is structured in an inverted order (倒装句)

    The normal sentence order should be:

    “ I had learned what I knew about women from my father.”

    The inversion (倒装)gives emphasis to “ what I knew about women”.


Text i of unit 5 book ii

Was there any problem in Michael’s relation with his girlfriend? Where did the problem stem from ?

Yes. It can be infurred (推测)that Michael had some problem with his girlfriend before he met Marcia. The problem stemmed from his out-of-date knowledge about women and his patronizing attitude.


Text i of unit 5 book ii

2. I was a generation behind the times.

“ behind the times” 过时,跟不上时代,落后

The science books of thirty years ago are behind the times now.

3. Now I’m married to the girlfriend I had when I met Marcia.

Now I’m married to the girlfriend. I once had the girlfriend when I met Marcia.

Now I’m married to the girlfriend whom (that / who) I had when I met Marcia.


Text i of unit 5 book ii

她结婚了吗?

Is she married?

Has she got married?

她是同一位美籍华人结婚的吗?

Is she married to a Chinese American?

Has she got married to a Chinese American?


Text i of unit 5 book ii

杨振宁与翁帆夫妇


Text i of unit 5 book ii

3. And I am indebted to her for that.

= And I am very thankful (grateful) to her for that.

= And I am full of gratitude towards her.

Para.12

  • it is worthwhile to do sth.

    The book is worth reading.

    = It is worthwhile to read the book.

    2. shrug one’s shoulders 耸肩


Text i of unit 5 book ii

3. straighten out

  • He tried to straighten out the bent wire.

  • We must straighten out our accounts(帐) and see how much we owe each other.

  • They seem to have the completely wrong idea of what I want. Can you straighten it out ?

  • Mr Smith promised that he would straighten everything out, so I signed the paper.

  • He seriously misunderstandings certain aspects of our plan; I’d like to straighten him out(消除某人的误会) on these.


Text i of unit 5 book ii

Para.13

…and it means a lot to me.

  • These were the friends who had meant most to her since childhood.

    自孩提时代起,这些朋友对她说来起了至关重要的影响。

    b. Ten dollars would mean a lot to me at that critical(重要的) moment.

    Para.14

    He died a day or so later.

    = He died about a day later.


Text i of unit 5 book ii

Para.15

I take them,… on adventures all over the world.

《外研社·现代英语用法词典》张道真编

(和等动词连用,表示目的)去(做某事)

  • She was away on a long business trip.

  • He wsa away on a two week’s visit to Sweden.

  • They had journeyed on a mission.

  • After a day or so we willl go on one or two little excursions.

    e.They are passing through London on their honeymoon.


Text i of unit 5 book ii

Homework

1. This is an expository writing (说明文)。Please retell the essay in your own words.

(250 words)

2. Finish the exercises.

3. Preview Unit 7


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