Government schemes policies for marketing rice
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 51

Government Schemes/Policies for marketing-Rice PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 64 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Government Schemes/Policies for marketing-Rice. Next. End. Out line. Introduction Government schemes for Rice Government policies for marketing Rice Marketing organization References Questions and conclusion . Next. Previous. End. INTRODUCTION.

Download Presentation

Government Schemes/Policies for marketing-Rice

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Government schemes policies for marketing rice

Government Schemes/Policies for marketing-Rice

Next

End


Out line

Out line

  • Introduction

  • Government schemes for Rice

  • Government policies for marketing Rice

  • Marketing organization

  • References

  • Questions and conclusion

Next

Previous

End


Introduction

INTRODUCTION

  • Rice is the seed of the monocot plants Oryz sativa (Asian rice) or Oryzaglaberrima (African rice).

  • As a cereal grain, it is the most important staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East and the West Indie

  • India is one of the world's largest producer of white rice accounting for 20% of all world rice production.

  • Rice is India's preeminent crop, and is the staple food of the people of the eastern and southern parts of the country

Next

Previous

End


Economic market and institutional integration

Economic, Market And Institutional Integration

Developing countries are the main players in the world rice trade, accounting for 83 percent of exports and 85 percent of imports.

The concentration is particularly high on the export side, since five countries (Thailand, Viet Nam, China, the United States and India) cover about three-quarters of world trade

This situation is in contrast to the fragmentation of import markets and the wide year-to-year fluctuations in individual countries’ purchases, resulting from the fact that importers do not rely consistently on the international market for rice supplies, but only as a last resort to fill the gap caused by a production shortfall.

Next

Previous

End


General thrust of rice government policies

GENERAL THRUST OF RICE GOVERNMENT POLICIES

Government support to producers in developing countries concentrates mainly on research in improved or hybrid rice varieties, investments in irrigation, preferential credits, extension and distribution of improved seed. Intervention to influence prices is also common - through procurement purchases or releases from stocks, or through changes in trade policies.

In developed countries, much assistance to the sector is conveyed through direct payments and through price support.

Government often plays an important role in the first phase of the marketing cycle, by procuring paddy at minimum producer prices.

Cont..

Next

Previous

End


Government schemes

Some governments oblige millers to purchase paddy at a predetermined price and to charge fixed mark-ups at each stage of the marketing process, while others distribute rice at fixed retail prices.

It is common practice to manage rice stocks or to adopt trade policy measures in order to stabilize domestic market prices.

Trade measures, especially tariffs, are widely used to protect domestic rice markets. Despite the relatively high WTO (World Trade Organization)-bound tariffs, rice imports are often subject to “Special Safeguards” in country schedules.

The role of state companies in managing international rice flows is also important, although such companies do not usually have monopoly privileges and they share their trade functions with the private sector.

Next

Previous

End


Review of rice policies from awto perspective

REVIEW OF RICE POLICIES FROM AWTO PERSPECTIVE

Bound tariffs

Bound tariff rates for rice are generally high, often over 100 percent.

Some countries (India, the Dominican Republic and Panama) recently renegotiated tariff bindings to higher than the originally agreed levels, alleging that the latter provided insufficient protection for their domestic sectors.

Applied tariffs

Applied tariff rates are often set equal to bound tariffs when international prices are low. However, their level tends to change frequently, depending on the domestic and international market situations, contributing a high level of uncertainty to the world rice economy.

Cont…

Next

Previous

End


Government schemes

Tariff escalation

Tariff escalation is less important for rice than for other commodities, because of the relatively small volume of trade of paddy or unhusked rice.

Nonetheless it should be noted that tariffs increase according to the processing stage and are much lower for paddy or husked rice than for milled rice.

Special Safeguards (SSG)

Several countrieshave reserved the right to use the Special Safeguard (SSG) provisions; however, only rarely have they been invoked for rice.

Next

Previous

End


Non tariff barriers

Non-tariff barriers

Phytosanitary barriers are less important for rice than for other commodities.

Certain restrictions on rice imports from Viet Nam and Thailand are in force in several Latin American and Caribbean countries on phytosanitary grounds, influencing the pattern of trade flows into the region.

Next

Previous

End


Export subsidies

Export subsidies

Export subsidy reduction commitments have been made under the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture (URAA) by Colombia, Indonesia, Uruguay, the EC and the United States. Proposals for further reduction commitments are likely to meet opposition from the EC.

Other issues have arisen in relation to export competition in rice, in particular the granting of export credits by the United States of America.

It should be noted, however, that export credits are also commonly used in government-to-government adeals, although there is little information available in connection with such practices

Next

Previous

End


Government schemes rice

Government Schemes -Rice

Government of Tamil Nadu is implementing various schemes

An aim to uplift the status of farmers and sustain their livelihood

Next

Previous

End


Cereals development programme

Cereals Development Programme

This programme is implemented in all the districts except Chennai and Nilgiris

NFSM – Rice operating districts of Pudukottai, Tiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Ramanathapuram and Sivagangai.

It has been programmed to distribute quality seeds to increase the rice production.

This scheme will be implemented during 2011-2012 with an outlay of 657.50 lakhs.

Next

Previous

End


National agricultural insurance scheme

National Agricultural Insurance Scheme

National Agricultural Insurance Scheme is implemented in Tamil Nadu from Kharif 2000 onwards

To provide insurance coverage to the farmers for the one of the notified crop is rice.

In the event of crop loss due to natural calamities, Agricultural Insurance Company pays compensation up to 100% for food crops

Next

Previous

End


National food security mission

National Food Security Mission

National Food Security Mission aims to ensure food and nutritional security for all.

This scheme was introduced in the year 2007-2008.

An objective of the scheme is to increase the production and productivity of Rice and Pulses.

National Food Security Mission for Rice is implemented in 5 districts viz., Pudukottai, Tiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Ramanathapuram and Sivagangai,

Next

Previous

End


Precision farming project

PRECISION FARMING PROJECT

Improvement of popular rice varieties of Tamil Nadu.

Namely, CO43, white Ponni and ADT 43 for salinity tolerance, submergence tolerance and drought tolerance through Marker Assisted Selection are being taken up.

Evolving vitamin A and iron enriched rice varieties.

Next

Previous

End


Government schemes

TAMIL NADU IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE MODERNISATION OF WATER BODIES RESTORATION AND MANAGEMENT (TN-IAMWARM) SCHEME

Under Tamil Nadu Irrigated Agriculture Modernisation of Water bodies Restoration and Management (TN-IAMWARM) scheme

  • Rice cultivation under System of Rice Intensification (SRI) showed an increase in yield from 40 to 80 per cent compared to the conventional methods.

Next

Previous

End


Market complex for paddy

Market Complex for paddy

A Market Complex has been established exclusively for paddy at Mattuthavani in Madurai district

In an extent of 9.85 acres at a total cost of 17.06 crores.

In this complex, 314 shops have been allotted for the traders of paddy, agricultural inputs and flowers

Next

Previous

End


Public distribution system

PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

Rice is the staple food of Tamil Nadu.

While availability for a large portion of consumption needs of an average family has been taken care of under Public Distribution System

Affordability of essential commodities to the poorest is another major issue. By ordering to supply rice free of cost to all the rice option cardholders

Hon'ble Chief Minister has ensured food security to all the vulnerable and poor people in the State.

Next

Previous

End


Public distribution system1

PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

RICE :

Price : Free of cost

SCALE OF SUPPLY :

Regular rice card:

4 Kgs per adult per month and 2 Kgs per child

per month, districts except The Nilgris subject to minimum 12 kg. and maximum 20 kg. per card per month.

Next

Previous

End


Public distribution system2

Public distribution system

Nilgiris district

4 kg. per adult per month

and 2 kg. per child per month

subject to minimum 16 kg.

maximum 24 kg. per card.

AAY cards :

( Antyodaya Anna Yojana)

35 Kg per month per card

Next

Previous

End


Procurement of paddy under decentralised procurement system

PROCUREMENT OF PADDY UNDER DECENTRALISEDPROCUREMENT SYSTEM

Procurement of paddy

Decentralised procurement system is in force in this State with effect from 01.10.2002.

Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation is procuring paddy on behalf of Food Corporation of India.

Paddy procured is processed through modern rice mills owned by Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation and through private hulling agents.

Converted rice is adjusted against central Pool allotment of Government of India and utilised in the public distribution system.

Next

Previous

End


Marketing related schemes of government and public sector

MARKETING RELATED SCHEMES OF GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC SECTOR

Agricultural Marketing Information Network

To establish a nationwide information network for speedy collection and dissemination of market data for its efficient and timely utilization.

To ensure flow of regular and reliable data to the producers

Traders and consumers to derive maximum advantage out of their sales and purchases.

  • To increase efficiency in marketing by effective improvement in the existing market information system.

Next

Previous

End


Gramin bhandaran yojana rural godowns scheme

GRAMIN BHANDARAN YOJANA (RURAL GODOWNS SCHEME)

It is a capital investment subsidy scheme for construction/renovation/expansion of rural godowns.

The scheme is implemented by DMI in collaboration with NABARD and NCDC.

The objectives of the scheme are

  • To create scientific storage capacity with allied facilities in rural areas

  • To meet the requirements of farmers for storing farm produce, processed farm produce, consumer articles and agricultural inputs

Next

Previous

End


Agmark grading and standardisation

AGMARK GRADING AND STANDARDISATION

Promotion of grading of agricultural and allied commodities under Agricultural Produce (Grading & Marking) Act.1937.

Agmark specifications for agricultural commodities have been framed, based on their intrinsic quality.

Food safety factors are being incorporated in the standards to compete in world trade.

Next

Previous

End


Government schemes

CO-OPERATIVE MARKETING, PROCESSING, STORAGE ETC. PROGRAMMES IN COMPARATIVELY UNDER/LEAST DEVELOPED STATES.

To correct regional imbalances and to provide needed momentum to the pace of development of various programmes of cooperative agricultural marketing, processing, storage

In under/least developed states/UTs by providing financial assistance on liberal terms to augment the income of farmers and weaker sections of the community

Next

Previous

End


Price support scheme pss

PRICE SUPPORT SCHEME ( PSS )

Nodal agency of Government of India to undertake procurement of paddy under price support scheme.

Provides regular marketing support to the farmers to sustain and improve the production of paddy

Next

Previous

End


Policies for marketing rice

POLICIES FOR MARKETING-RICE

AGRICULTURAL PRICES

Agricultural prices cover prices of agricultural products (output prices) and prices of requisites for agricultural production (input prices) at various stages of marketing.

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING

Agricultural marketing is defined as the study of entire gamut activities that direct the flow of goods and services from the primary producer to ultimate consumer

Next

Previous

End


Objective of scheme

OBJECTIVE OF SCHEME

The broader objective here is to prepare a Manual on Agricultural Prices and Marketing highlighting the importance of the sector, significance and measurement needs, performance indicators, statistical standards adopted at National and International level and examining the deviations, if any, survey methodologies and data sources, sampling consideration.

Next

Previous

End


Need of agricultural price data

NEED OF AGRICULTURAL PRICE DATA

Agricultural prices are important economic variables in a market economy.

Price relationships have a significant influence on decisions relating to the type and volume or agricultural production activity.

Next

Previous

End


Uses of agricultural price data

USES OF AGRICULTURAL PRICE DATA

BY INDIVIDUAL FARMERS

In the short run, an individual farmer needs output prices to determine the pace and volume of his sales so as to optimize the return from his farm production

Next

Previous

End


By private and cooperative business organizations

BY PRIVATE AND COOPERATIVE BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS

  • Business organizations use agricultural prices data in a number of ways such as planning the character.

  • Location and size of their agricultural business enterprises

  • Determining the time and place for purchasing agricultural production requisites.

  • Deciding on inventory expansion or contraction and hedging

  • Selecting the markets and time of sale or their produce so as to reap the best advantage

  • Formulating credit policies.

Next

Previous

End


By public agencies

BY PUBLIC AGENCIES

Public agencies use price data in planning agricultural programmes and ensuring that the allocation of available resources to different uses is consistent with the price system.

Profit expectations from alternative agricultural development plans depend on the structure and behaviour of both output and input prices.

Next

Previous

End


Agricultural sector accounts

AGRICULTURAL SECTOR ACCOUNTS

Price data are used in constructing economic accounts for agriculture within the general framework of national accounts.

This involves the estimation of the value of agricultural output.

Expenditure on goods and services purchased by farmers and total agricultural income.

The data so computed enable the trend in Agricultural income and the share of agriculture in total national income to be properly studied

Next

Previous

End


Terms of trade

TERMS OF TRADE

Raw price data, when properly processed, can yield index numbers

Index numbers of prices received by farmers

studied over time indicate the extent to which changes in the value of output or farm disposals are attributable to changes in prices

Next

Previous

End


Procurement policy

PROCUREMENT POLICY      

The Central Government extends price support to paddy, coarse grains and wheat through the FCI and  State Agencies

All the food grains conforming to the prescribed specifications offered for sale at specified centers are bought by the public procurement agencies at the Minimum Support Price (MSP)

The producers have the option to sell their produce to FCI/State Agencies at MSP or in the open market as is advantageous to them

Food grains procured by the State Governments and their agencies are ultimately taken over by the FCI for distribution through out the country

Next

Previous

End


Procurement of rice under levy system

PROCUREMENT OF RICE UNDER LEVY SYSTEM

Rice is also procured by the Government  through statutory levy on rice millers and rice dealers

The percentage of levy rice is fixed by State Governments with the approval of Central Government taking into account requirements for the Central Pool

Domestic consumption and marketable surplus

Prices of levy rice are fixed by the Government of India before commencement of every Kharif Marketing Season

Next

Previous

End


Market information

MARKET INFORMATION

MARKET INTELLIGENCE

This includes information relating to such facts as the prices that prevailed in the past and market arrivals over time.

It is historical nature.

An analysis of the past helps to take decision about the future.

Next

Previous

End


Market information1

MARKET INFORMATION

Market News

This term refers to current information about prices, arrival and changes in the market conditions.

The availability of market news in time and with speed is of utmost value.

Next

Previous

End


Marketing information system

Marketing Information System

Marketing Information System is defined as a set of procedures and methods for the regular and planned analysis and presentation of information for the use of marketing decisions

Next

Previous

End


Organisations providing marketing services

ORGANISATIONS PROVIDING MARKETING SERVICES

Directorate of Marketing and Inspection (DMI) :

To integrate development of marketing of agricultural and allied produce in the country.

Promotion of grading of agricultural and allied produce.

Market development through regulation, planning and designing of physical markets.

Administration of Meat Food Products Order (1973)

Promotion of cold storage

Next

Previous

End


Food corporation of india fci

FOOD CORPORATION OF INDIA (FCI)

Procurement of food grains for effective price support operations for safeguarding the interests of the farmers.

Distribution of food grains throughout the country for Public Distribution System.

Maintaining satisfactory level of operational/buffer stocks of food grains to ensure National Food Security.

Next

Previous

End


Central warehousing corporation cwc

CENTRAL WAREHOUSING CORPORATION (CWC)

Provides scientific storage and handling facilities

Offers consultancy services/ training for the construction of warehousing infrastructure to different agencies.

Import and export warehousing facilities.

Provides disinfestations services.

Next

Previous

End


Agricultural and processed food products export development authority apeda

AGRICULTURAL AND PROCESSED FOOD PRODUCTS EXPORT DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY (APEDA)

  • Development of scheduled agriculture products related industries for export.

  • Provides financial assistance to these industries for conducting surveys, sensibility studies, relief and subsidy schemes.

  • Registration of exporters for scheduled products.

  • Adapting standards and specifications for the purpose of export of scheduled products.

  • Carrying out inspection of meat and meat products for ensuring the quality of such products.

  • Improving the packaging of the scheduled products.

Next

Previous

End


National co operative development corporation ncdc

NATIONAL CO-OPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION (NCDC)

Planning, promoting and financing programmes for production, processing, marketing, storage, export and import of agricultural produce.

Financial support to primary, regional, State and National level co-operative marketing societies is provided towards:

  • Margin money and working capital finance to augment business operations of agricultural produce.

  • Strengthening the share capital base and

  • Purchase of transport vehicles.

Next

Previous

End


Director general of foreign trade dgft

DIRECTOR GENERAL OF FOREIGN TRADE(DGFT)

  • Provides guidelines / procedure of export and import of various commodities.

  • Allot import-export code number (IEC No) to the exporter of agricultural commodities.

Next

Previous

End


State agricultural marketing boards

STATE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING BOARDS

  • Implementation of the regulation of marketing in the state.

  • Provide infra-structural facilities for the marketing of notified agricultural produce.

  • Provide grading of agricultural produce in the markets.

  • To co-ordinate all the market committees for information services.

  • Provide aid to financially weak or needy market committees in the form of loans and grants.

  • Eliminate malpractices in the marketing system

Next

Previous

End


Regulated markets

Regulated Markets

Regulated markets are functioning under market committees.

At present 21 Market committees are functioning in Tamil Nadu at district Level.

There are 268 Regulated Markets, 15 Check Posts, 108 Rural Godowns and 108 grading centres functioning under the Market Committees.

  • Competitive and remunerative prices are ensured for the produce sold by the farmers through closed tender system in the Regulated Markets.

Free grading facilities for agricultural

commodities and issuing pledge loan during distress sale are also available in the Regulated Markets.

cont...

Next

Previous

End


Government schemes

Regulated Markets provides facilities such as correct measurement by using electronic weigh bridges and weighing balances, godown facilities, bank facility, immediate payment, daily price information, rest sheds, drinking water facility, cattle sheds, free medical aid to farmers, input shops, phone and fax facilities etc.

Under "AGMARKNET" centrally sponsored scheme 93 regulated markets have been provided with computer and Internet connectivity for effective price dissemination among farmers through AGMARKNET website.

The information on commodity prices prevailing in various markets is made available; the farmers would be able to get better price of their produce by moving their produce to the market which pays higher. During the year 2007-08

100 Regulated markets were computerized through AGMARKNET.

Next

Previous

End


Pledge loan scheme

Pledge loan scheme

During distress sale in glut season, famers can store their produce in the godowns of the Regulated Markets and avail pledge loan for a period of six months without any charge.

Pledge loan is provided up to a maximum of 1,00,000.

The rate of interest for pledge loan is 5% for farmers and 9% for traders.

Next

Previous

End


Questions

QUESTIONS

  • What is mean by NAIS ?

  • Do you know about TN-IAMWARM scheme?

  • What are the schemes adopted in rice crop by state government?

  • What are the marketing related scheme in rice crop?

  • What is mean by procurement policy?

  • List out Organisations providing marketing services?

Next

Previous

End


References

REFERENCES

  • www.tn.gov.in

  • www.icar.org

  • www.fao.org

  • www.nabard.org

  • www.agricoop.nic.in

  • www.apeda.com

  • www.ncdc.nic.in

  • Economic survey of India

Previous


  • Login