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What do you know about China?. In your KWL chart list everything you can think of that you have learned about or heard about China. Some facts about China. Geography. China is comparable in size to the United States. Topography of China.

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What do you know about China?

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What do you know about china

What do you know about China?

In your KWL chart list everything you can think of that you have learned about or heard about China.

Some facts about china

Some facts about China



China is comparable in size to the united states

China is comparable in size to the United States

Topography of china

Topography of China

  • Mountains in the West and the Pacific Ocean in the East serve as natural boundaries

  • 2 Seasons:

    • Summer=Wet season

    • Winter= Dry Season

Regions of china

Regions of China

A brief review of modern chinese history leading up to the 1970s

A Brief Review of Modern Chinese History leading up to the 1970s.

The 19 th century qing dynasty

The 19th Century Qing Dynasty

  • Britain, France, and Germany sought to expand trade in China

  • First Opium War (1840-1842)

    • Treaty of Nanking, 1842 - China loses Hong Kong to Britain

  • Second Opium War (1856-1860)

    • Britain, Japan, France, and Russia all obtained land from China

Effects of the opium wars

Effects of the Opium Wars

  • Internal rebellions throughout China

  • Anti-Qing sentiment grew

  • China was in danger of being “carved up” by European powers

The tongzhi restoration

The Tongzhi Restoration

  • The Tongzhi Emperor and the Empress Dowager Cixi

Sino japanese war 1894 1895

Sino-Japanese War 1894-1895

  • Shameful to China

  • Led to The Reform Movement 1894-1895

  • Emperor Guangxu willing to work with reformers

  • Empress regained control, executed the reformers and banished Emperor Guangxu

  • Attempt at modernization failed

Boxer rebellion

Boxer Rebellion

  • Led by the “Society of the Righteous Fist”

  • Directed anger at Europeans and Christian Missionaries

  • Goal was to expel “foreign devils” from China

  • Foreign response - 8 nations including the U.S. take control of Nanking

  • Exemplified how ineffective the Manchu Dynasty had become

1911 revolution

1911- Revolution

  • Dr. Sun Yat-sen - Revolutionary Leader

    • Ideas of nationalism and democracy made up his vision of China

  • 1912 - Founding of the Republic of China

  • Sun is elected President

What do you know about china

  • Sun is challenged by Yuan Shikai who was a military governor general

  • 1915 - Yuan sets himself up as emperor but dies in 1916

  • China goes into a state of chaos

  • Difficult to establish the Republic

The nationalist party kmt

The Nationalist Party KMT

  • 1920s - Under the leadership of Sun Yat-sen

  • 1921 - Communist Party formed in Shanghai

  • 1923 - KMT and Communist Party of China united

  • 1925 - Sun Yat-sen died

  • Chiang Kai-shek took over KMT

    • Broke away from the Communists

    • Communists fled to the countryside

Chiang kai shek

Chiang Kai-Shek

  • Campaign to unify China

  • Hatred of Communists and warlords

  • Purged communists - Mao Zedong and Zhu De

  • Extermination campaigns

  • Backed by foreign investors

  • Declared head of national government in 1928

The long march 1934

The Long March1934

  • Led by Mao Zedong

  • Approx. 100,000 men and women

  • Marched for 6,000 miles into Shaanxi Province

  • Intended to launch “people’s war”

  • Only 10,000 made it to Shaanxi (about 10%)

What do you know about china

  • Party Conference of Zunyi in Guizhou Province, 1935

  • Mao took leadership of the Communist Party

China during world war ii

China During World War II

  • 1931 - Japan invaded Manchuria

  • 1937 - Japan invaded China proper (Beijing)

  • Fall of Shanghai

  • Forced KMT to unite with the Communists again

Rape of nanjing

Rape of Nanjing

World war ii

World War II

  • War broke out in Europe, 1939

  • Germany stopped supplying weaponry to the Nationalist-Communist coalition

  • Bombing of Pearl Harbor, 1941

  • United States became allied with China

Chongqing capital of china during world war ii

Chongqing - Capital of China during World War II

  • Americans and British supplied China’s United Front with supplies flown over the Himalayas

  • Chiang Kai-shek did not distribute these to the Red Army

  • United Front collapsed

World war ii ends

Power struggle in China between the Nationalist Party led by Chiang Kai-shek and the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong

U.S. sided with Chiang Kai-shek

Peace negotiations took place in Chongqing (mediated by the U.S.)

Talks ended in a stalemate

World War II ends

Civil war in china

Civil War in China

  • 1948 - Communists formed the People’s Liberation Army (PLA)

  • Attacked Chiang Kai-shek and the Nationalists

Communist china

Communist China

  • October 1, 1949 - Mao declared the People’s Republic of China

  • Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan - took China’s gold reserves with him

Communist china1

Communist China

  • With the exception of Taiwan, CCP manages to reunify all of China

  • United States refuses to recognize Mao and the CCP

China under communism

China under Communism

  • 1957 - The Hundred Flowers Campaign

  • 1958 - The Great Leap Forward

  • 1960s - Break in US-USSR relations

    • Soviet Union stopped all aid to China

The cultural revolution

The Cultural Revolution

  • 1964 - Mao Zedong utilized the youth of China against his critics

  • 1966 - the Red Guard is created

  • Attacked the “Four Olds”: ideas, culture, customs, and habits

  • Guards attacked anything perceived to be related to capitalism or anything deemed as Western

Cultural revolution

Cultural Revolution

  • August, 1966: Deng Xiaoping and his followers were removed from power and imprisoned

  • Late 1960s - 1970s: Cultural Revolution became increasingly violent - attacked intellectuals, shopkeepers, religion, etc.

What was the position of the u s towards china through the cultural revolution

What was the position of the U.S. towards China through the Cultural Revolution?

  • U.S. industries and businesses would benefit from the fall of the CCP

  • Continued to support Chiang Kai-shek

  • Created fear of a Sino-Soviet pact at home

  • In 1964 - China exploded its first atomic bomb- forced the U.S. to reconsider its policy towards China

  • 1970s - Sino-U.S. relations transformed

  • 1971 - Secretary of State Henry Kissinger secretly visits China

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