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What do you know about China?. In your KWL chart list everything you can think of that you have learned about or heard about China. Some facts about China. Geography. China is comparable in size to the United States. Topography of China.

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What do you know about china

What do you know about China?

In your KWL chart list everything you can think of that you have learned about or heard about China.





Topography of china
Topography of China

  • Mountains in the West and the Pacific Ocean in the East serve as natural boundaries

  • 2 Seasons:

    • Summer=Wet season

    • Winter= Dry Season




The 19 th century qing dynasty
The 19 1970s. th Century Qing Dynasty

  • Britain, France, and Germany sought to expand trade in China

  • First Opium War (1840-1842)

    • Treaty of Nanking, 1842 - China loses Hong Kong to Britain

  • Second Opium War (1856-1860)

    • Britain, Japan, France, and Russia all obtained land from China


Effects of the opium wars
Effects of the Opium Wars 1970s.

  • Internal rebellions throughout China

  • Anti-Qing sentiment grew

  • China was in danger of being “carved up” by European powers


The tongzhi restoration
The Tongzhi Restoration 1970s.

  • The Tongzhi Emperor and the Empress Dowager Cixi


Sino japanese war 1894 1895
Sino-Japanese War 1894-1895 1970s.

  • Shameful to China

  • Led to The Reform Movement 1894-1895

  • Emperor Guangxu willing to work with reformers

  • Empress regained control, executed the reformers and banished Emperor Guangxu

  • Attempt at modernization failed


Boxer rebellion
Boxer Rebellion 1970s.

  • Led by the “Society of the Righteous Fist”

  • Directed anger at Europeans and Christian Missionaries

  • Goal was to expel “foreign devils” from China

  • Foreign response - 8 nations including the U.S. take control of Nanking

  • Exemplified how ineffective the Manchu Dynasty had become


1911 revolution
1911- Revolution 1970s.

  • Dr. Sun Yat-sen - Revolutionary Leader

    • Ideas of nationalism and democracy made up his vision of China

  • 1912 - Founding of the Republic of China

  • Sun is elected President



The nationalist party kmt
The Nationalist Party KMT general

  • 1920s - Under the leadership of Sun Yat-sen

  • 1921 - Communist Party formed in Shanghai

  • 1923 - KMT and Communist Party of China united

  • 1925 - Sun Yat-sen died

  • Chiang Kai-shek took over KMT

    • Broke away from the Communists

    • Communists fled to the countryside


Chiang kai shek
Chiang Kai-Shek general

  • Campaign to unify China

  • Hatred of Communists and warlords

  • Purged communists - Mao Zedong and Zhu De

  • Extermination campaigns

  • Backed by foreign investors

  • Declared head of national government in 1928


The long march 1934
The Long March general1934

  • Led by Mao Zedong

  • Approx. 100,000 men and women

  • Marched for 6,000 miles into Shaanxi Province

  • Intended to launch “people’s war”

  • Only 10,000 made it to Shaanxi (about 10%)



China during world war ii
China During World War II general

  • 1931 - Japan invaded Manchuria

  • 1937 - Japan invaded China proper (Beijing)

  • Fall of Shanghai

  • Forced KMT to unite with the Communists again



World war ii
World War II general

  • War broke out in Europe, 1939

  • Germany stopped supplying weaponry to the Nationalist-Communist coalition

  • Bombing of Pearl Harbor, 1941

  • United States became allied with China


Chongqing capital of china during world war ii
Chongqing - Capital of China during World War II general

  • Americans and British supplied China’s United Front with supplies flown over the Himalayas

  • Chiang Kai-shek did not distribute these to the Red Army

  • United Front collapsed


World war ii ends

Power struggle in China between the Nationalist Party led by Chiang Kai-shek and the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong

U.S. sided with Chiang Kai-shek

Peace negotiations took place in Chongqing (mediated by the U.S.)

Talks ended in a stalemate

World War II ends


Civil war in china
Civil War in China Chiang Kai-shek and the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong

  • 1948 - Communists formed the People’s Liberation Army (PLA)

  • Attacked Chiang Kai-shek and the Nationalists


Communist china
Communist China Chiang Kai-shek and the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong

  • October 1, 1949 - Mao declared the People’s Republic of China

  • Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan - took China’s gold reserves with him


Communist china1
Communist China Chiang Kai-shek and the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong

  • With the exception of Taiwan, CCP manages to reunify all of China

  • United States refuses to recognize Mao and the CCP


China under communism
China under Communism Chiang Kai-shek and the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong

  • 1957 - The Hundred Flowers Campaign

  • 1958 - The Great Leap Forward

  • 1960s - Break in US-USSR relations

    • Soviet Union stopped all aid to China


The cultural revolution
The Cultural Revolution Chiang Kai-shek and the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong

  • 1964 - Mao Zedong utilized the youth of China against his critics

  • 1966 - the Red Guard is created

  • Attacked the “Four Olds”: ideas, culture, customs, and habits

  • Guards attacked anything perceived to be related to capitalism or anything deemed as Western


Cultural revolution
Cultural Revolution Chiang Kai-shek and the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong

  • August, 1966: Deng Xiaoping and his followers were removed from power and imprisoned

  • Late 1960s - 1970s: Cultural Revolution became increasingly violent - attacked intellectuals, shopkeepers, religion, etc.


What was the position of the u s towards china through the cultural revolution
What was the position of the U.S. towards China through the Cultural Revolution?

  • U.S. industries and businesses would benefit from the fall of the CCP

  • Continued to support Chiang Kai-shek

  • Created fear of a Sino-Soviet pact at home

  • In 1964 - China exploded its first atomic bomb- forced the U.S. to reconsider its policy towards China

  • 1970s - Sino-U.S. relations transformed

  • 1971 - Secretary of State Henry Kissinger secretly visits China


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