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European Empire Building Leads to WWI. SS6H6d. Explain the impact of empire building in Africa and Asia on the outbreak of WWI. Propaganda Posters. http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=wwI+propaganda&view=detail&id=F680FEC39E79FA41FBC1E897FD5F4E497CE7D32D&first=0&FORM=IDFRIR.

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European Empire Building Leads to WWI

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European Empire Building Leads to WWI

SS6H6d. Explain the impact of empire building in Africa and Asia on the outbreak of WWI


Propaganda Posters

  • http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=wwI+propaganda&view=detail&id=F680FEC39E79FA41FBC1E897FD5F4E497CE7D32D&first=0&FORM=IDFRIR


Scramble for Africa

1885-1910

  • Great Britain, France, Portugal, Spain, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Netherlands – divided Africa among themselves

  • Why

    • Natural resources

      • Gold, diamonds, oil

    • Politics

      • National pride (more colonies = more status)

    • Worldview

      • Desire to “civilize“ and Christianize Africa


Scramble for Asia

  • Europe changed from Asia’s trading partner to Asia’s conqueror

  • British took India

  • French took Vietnam


On the rise in Europe:

  • Nationalism: love of one’s country

  • Militarism: using strong armies and threats of war

European countries signed treaties agreeing to help each other in case of attack.


Alliances


The Great War (WWI) 1914-1918

Causes:

  • MAIN : Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, and Nationalism

  • Tensions over territory in the Balkans

  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife by Gavrilo Princip, a Serb


WWI “The War to End All Wars”

Central Powers

Allied Powers

Russia

France

U.S.

U.K.

Plus all their colonies

  • Austria-Hungary

  • Ottoman Empire (Turkey + colonies)

  • Bulgaria

  • Germany

  • Plus all their colonies


Events

  • Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.

  • Russia came to Serbia’s defense.

  • Germany backed its Germanic ally and went to war against Russia & Serbia.

  • France & Britain then went to war against the monarchies of Germany & Austria-Hungary.


THE U.S. TRIES TO STAY NEUTRAL

  • Most Americans supported the ALLIES.

  • But - many German-Americans and Irish-Americans were anti-British, supporting the CENTRAL powers.

  • Britain’s navy stopped all shipping carrying weapons to Europe.


WORLD WAR I: U.S. NEUTRALITY

  • Later, Britain stopped all trade with nations on the European continent.

  • The US protested, but Britain remained careful in its relations with the U.S.

  • Germany tried to break the British blockade by using the submarine, called U-BOAT.


Why the U.S. Entered the War

  • In May, 1915, Germany sank the British liner LUSITANIA.

  • 1198 died, including 128 Americans.

  • As Wilson campaigned for re-election, he began a naval rearmament program.


U.S. Enters the War

  • Germany sank all ships in the waters around Britain.

  • This UNRESTRICTED SUBMARINE WARFARE made Wilson break off diplomatic relations with Germany.

  • Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war, which he got on April 6, 1917.


THE U.S. FIGHTS TO VICTORY

  • American DOUGH BOYS began fighting in Europe in 1918.

  • 1918: Russia pulled out of the war after the Communists took power.

  • In Belgium and France, TRENCH WARFARE led to stalemate.

  • Germany first used POISON GAS in 1915, and Britain introduced the tank in 1916.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TCduRtJQ7gE


War Ends

  • The turning point came in mid- 1918 in favor of the Allies.

  • Germany signed an ARMISTICE at eleven o'clock on the eleventh day of the eleventh month of 1918, which ended the war (now called Veteran’s Day).

  • The Allies won.

  • Germany was blamed for the war.


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