Animal science ii small animal
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Animal Science II- Small Animal. Unit C- The Small Animal Care Industry. Competency 6.00. Interpret the status of the small animal industry today. Objective. Explain how the small animal care industry is important to society. Animal Care Industry & Society. Assignment.

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Animal science ii small animal

Animal Science II- Small Animal

Unit C- The Small Animal Care Industry


Competency 6 00

Competency 6.00

Interpret the status of the small animal industry today.


Objective

Objective

  • Explain how the small animal care industry is important to society

Animal Care Industry & Society


Assignment

Assignment

  • Title your notes today Small Animal Industry

  • Brainstorm how the Small Animal Industry can benefit society in general. Put a few of your own ideas in you notebook.


Benefits of small animals

Benefits of Small Animals

  • Economic

    • $32 billion to national economy

  • Companions to 60% of American Families

    • Children learn responsibility

    • Improves quality of life for elderly

  • Product testing

    • Develop drugs and vaccines


Benefits of small animals1

Benefits of Small Animals

  • Pet therapy

    • Relieve depression

    • Reduces heart disease

  • Watch dogs, seeing eye dogs

  • Rabbit meat

    • Low in cholesterol, sodium and fat

  • Fur and wool


Benefits of small animals2

Benefits of Small Animals

  • Exhibition

  • Rabbits provide multiple benefits

    • Pets

    • Food

    • Clothing

    • Research


Economics

Economics

  • Retail pet stores

    • $21 billion in sales

  • Biomedical research

    • Supported by $15 million in taxes

    • 65-100 million small animals

  • Education

    • 6 million used for dissection


Economics1

Economics

  • 4 million small animals used in the LD50 test

  • Americans spending on pets

    • $20.3 billion


Economics2

Economics

  • Veterinary expenses

    • $11 billion annually

    • Dogs cost twice as much as cats

  • Pet food sales

    • $9 billion


Pet ownership dogs

Pet Ownership- Dogs

  • There are approximately 65 million owned dogs in the United States

  • Most owners (65%) own one dog

  • 33% of owners own two dogs

  • 12% of owners own three or more dogs

  • Slightly more male dogs are owned than female dogs

  • Eighteen percent of owned dogs were adopted from an animal shelter

  • On average, dog owners spent $263 on veterinary related expenses in the past 12 months

  • Seventy-two percent of owned dogs are spayed or neutered

Source: American Pet Products Manufacturers Association (APPMA) 2003-2004 National Pet Owners Survey


Pet ownership cats

Pet Ownership- Cats

  • Approximately 77.6 million owned cats in the United States

  • 34% of U.S. households own at least one cat

  • On average, owners have two cats (2.2)

  • Slightly more female cats are owned than male cats

  • 16% of owned cats were adopted from an animal shelter

  • Cat owners spent an average of $113 on veterinary related expenses in the past 12 months

  • Eighty-four percent of owned cats are spayed or neutered

Source: American Pet Products Manufacturers Association (APPMA) 2003-2004 National Pet Owners Survey


Dogs cats the rest

Dogs, Cats & The Rest

  • There are 7 million more cats than dogs

    • Most cat owners average two cats

  • Dogs are found in more households than cats

  • Fish

  • Birds

  • Rabbits

3rd

4th

5th


Objective1

Objective

  • Discuss the skills needed for employment in the small animal industry


Job types

Job Types

  • Care and management industry

    • Pets

    • Lab animals

    • Zoo animals

    • Health

    • Training

  • Food and equipment supply


Job types1

Job Types

  • Pharmaceutical and biotechnology research

    • Hospitals

    • Universities

    • Labs

    • Private firms


Job types2

Job Types

  • Exhibitors

    • Operates animals acts

      • Carnivals

      • Circus

      • Fairs (Cleveland County Fair)

      • Zoo

      • Marine mammal displays


Care and management jobs

Care and Management Jobs

  • Pet care worker

    • Boarding kennels

    • Animal hospitals

    • Shelters

    • Pet stores

    • Training schools

    • Pet grooming parlors


Care and management jobs1

Care and Management Jobs

  • Kennel attendants

    • Feeds and cares for animals

    • Cleans

  • Animal groomers

    • Bathes, brushes & trims hair and nails

  • Dog trainers

    • Teaches the dog to obey signals or commands


Care and management jobs2

Care and Management Jobs

  • Small Animal Breeders

    • Raises & markets fur-bearing animals

    • Usually specialized for one breed

  • Pet shop owners and managers

  • Dealers

    • Sell lab animals

      • Research

      • education


Care and management jobs3

Care and Management Jobs

  • Veterinarians (DVM)

    • Control animal injuries and disease

    • Disease prevention

    • Inspection

      • Meat and animals products

    • Surgery

    • Establish diets

    • Prescribe medications

1/3 small

animals

only


Care and management jobs4

Care and Management Jobs

  • Vet. Technicians

    • Assist veterinarians and other staff

  • Skills needed:

    • Previous experience as a keeper

    • Part-time volunteer work

      • Shelters

      • Pet shops

      • clinics


Objective2

Objective

  • Discuss medical terminology used by those working in the veterinarian phase of the small animal care industry

Medical Terminology


Medical terminology

Medical Terminology

  • Components of medical terminology

    • Prefix

      • Beginning of the word indicating:

        • Number

        • Location

        • Time

        • Status

    • Root words

      • Word part that gives the fundamental meaning of a word


Medical terminology1

Medical Terminology

  • Suffixes

    • Word part at the end of a word indicating:

      • Procedure

      • Condition

      • Disease

      • Disorder


Medical prefixes

Medical Prefixes

  • a-, an- without, lack of

    • Anemia- without blood

  • anti- against, opposing

    • Antiseptic- against infection

  • bi- two, double, twice

    • Bilateral- two sides

  • dys- painful, difficult, abnormal

    • Dysentery- abnormal infection of the colon

  • pre- before

    • Preoperative- before surgery


  • Medical root words

    Medical Root Words

    • carp

      • wrist

        • carpel- pertaining to the wrist

    • cardi

      • heart

        • cardiology- study of the heart

    • dors

      • back

        • dorsal- relating to the back


    Medical root words1

    Medical Root Words

    • dent, odont

      • teeth

        • dentist- person who works with teeth

    • Gastr

      • stomach

        • gastronomy- surgical opening of the stomach

    • Gingiv

      • gums

        • gingivitis- inflammation of the gums

    • phleb, ven

      • vein

        • phlebotomist- person who obtains blood from veins


    Medical suffixes

    Medical Suffixes

    • algia

      • Pain

        • arthralgia- painful joints

    • centesis

      • Procedure to remove fluid

        • Cytocentesis- removing fluid from the bladder

    • itis

      • inflammation

        • bronchitis

    • rrhea

      • Flow or discharge

        • diarrhea


    Positional terminology

    Positional Terminology

    • Ventral

    • Cranial

    • Anterior

    • Posterior

    • Dorsal

    • Caudal

    • Dorsal (frontal) plane

    • Transversal plane


    Positional terminology1

    Positional Terminology


    Positional terminology2

    Positional Terminology

    Dorsal

    Cranial

    Posterior

    Anterior

    Caudal

    Ventral


    Positional terminology3

    Positional Terminology

    Transversal plane

    Dorsal (frontal) plane


    Positional terminology4

    Positional Terminology


    Positional terminology5

    Positional Terminology

    • Visit the following website to view a Virtual Cat Dissection

      • External Anatomy Link

        http://bio.bd.psu.edu/cat/index.htm


    General terminology

    General Terminology

    • Antisepsis

    • Biopsy

    • Catheterization

    • Clutch


    General terminology1

    General Terminology

    • Colostrum

    • Contact transmission

    • Endogenous

    • Exogenous

    • Incubation


    General terminology2

    General Terminology

    • Infectious disease

    • Pocket pets

    • Preventative health care programs

    • Quarantine

    • Spaying

    • Neutering


    Objective3

    Objective

    • Summarize animal rights and animal welfare

    Animal Rights vs. Animal Welfare


    Animal rights vs animal welfare

    Animal Rights vs. Animal Welfare


    Animal rights vs animal welfare1

    Animal Rights vs. Animal Welfare


    Animal welfare legislation

    Animal Welfare Legislation

    • 1641 The Bodies of Liberty

      • 1st law to protect farm animals

    • 1st anticruelty act passed

      • 1828

      • New York Legislature

    • 1866- American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) formed


    Animal welfare legislation1

    Animal Welfare Legislation

    • 1906- Animal Transportation Act

    • 1958- Humane Slaughter Act

    • 1966- Laboratory Animal Welfare Act

    • 1976- Horse Protection Act


    The vote

    YES

    NO

    The Vote?

    • Do animals have rights?

    • Should animals be used for food?

    • Should animals be used for experimentation?

    • Should hunting and trapping of animals be allowed?


    Assignment option 1

    Assignment Option #1

    • On a clean sheet of paper

    • Prepare an editorial for the local news paper outlining your position on one of the previous questions

    • You should use appropriate grammar and spelling for a public response

    • Once you finish your rough draft, type your final response in a 12 point font

    • Your editorial should be one page in length


    Assignment option 2

    Assignment Option #2

    • On a clean sheet of paper

    • Prepare a short speech that may be given at a public forum or town hall meeting.

    • Your speech should use the format taught in class and should outline your position on one of the previous questions

    • Your speech must be given in class and it must last at least 2 minutes


    Objective4

    Objective

    • Discuss techniques and risk involved when working with small animals

    Risky Business!


    Zoonoses

    Zoonoses

    • A disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans

      Example: Rabies


    Rabies

    Rabies

    • A viral disease

    • Affects the nervous system

    • Contracted by:

      • Bites

      • Scratches

      • Saliva


    Rabies1

    Rabies

    • Immunization is recommended when in doubt

    • Children five to nine receive the most animals bites

      • 5% report bites

      • More than measles, mumps, chicken pox, and whooping cough

    • Most domestic animals are not infected if vaccinated regularly


    Rabies2

    Rabies

    • First Aid:

      • Wash the affected area

      • Use soap and water

      • Tetanus shot

        • If booster has not been received in 5 years

    • Worker protection:

      • 3 intradermal injections over three weeks

      • 2 intramuscular injections if exposed


    Toxoplasmosis

    Toxoplasmosis

    • Disease from Toxoplasma gondii parasite

    • Usually carried by cats

      • Infected by ingesting contaminated mice

    • Spread by:

      • Cat feces

      • Contaminated cat litter

    • Affects those with suppressed immune system


    Toxoplasmosis1

    Toxoplasmosis

    • Symptoms:

      • Fever

      • Headache

      • Swollen lymph glands

      • Cough

      • Sore throat

      • Congestion

      • Loss of appetite

      • Rash


    Toxoplasmosis2

    Toxoplasmosis

    • Concern for pregnant women

      • Miscarriage

      • Premature babies

      • Blindness in babies

    • Prevention:

      • Disposable gloves when cleaning litter box

      • Thoroughly washing hands

      • Get a dog instead!


    Ringworm

    Ringworm

    • Fungal disease

    • Skin lesion:

      • Round

      • Scaly and encrusted

      • Loss of hair at site

    • Spread by direct contact

    • Indirectly by equipment

    • Treatment:

      • Iodine soap or antifungal drugs


    Psittacosis parrot fever

    Psittacosis (Parrot Fever)

    • Contracted by caged birds of the Psittacosis family

    • Transmitted through feces and fecal dust

      • Bacteria

    • Prevention:

      • Wear dust mask

      • Eliminating mites and lice

      • Spraying disinfectants


    Psittacosis parrot fever1

    Psittacosis (Parrot Fever)

    • Symptoms:

      • Coughing

      • Chest pains

      • Fever

      • Chills

      • Weakness

      • Vomiting

      • Muscular pain

    • Antibiotics used as treatment


    Cat scratch fever

    Cat-scratch fever

    • Non-serious

    • Cat bites and scratches

    • Symptoms:

      • Localized swelling and soreness

    • Treated with antibiotics

    • Affected area may be slow to heal


    Cat scratch fever1

    Cat-scratch fever


    Samonellosis

    Samonellosis

    • Caused by the Salmonella bacteria

    • Children and elderly most at risk

    • Symptoms appear 12-72hrs after infection:

      • Abdominal pain

      • Vomiting

      • Diarrhea for 4-7 days

    • Pet turtles and reptiles

      • Most likely to infect humans


    Streptococcal

    Streptococcal

    • Bacteria

    • Results in sore throat

    • Can be transmitted by dogs

    • Treated with penicillin


    Rocky mountain spotted fever

    Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

    • Cause coagulation of the blood

      • Fever

      • Headaches

      • Nausea & Vomiting

      • Skin rash

      • Death if not treated

    • Primarily passed by the American dig tick

      • 6 other species can carry the disease


    Lyme disease

    Lyme Disease

    • First case in 1969 in Wisconsin

    • Named in 1977

      • Lyme Connecticut

      • Children developed arthritic condition

    • Bacterial disease (Borrelia burgdurferi)

    • Distinctive skin lesion 3-32 days


    Lyme disease1

    Lyme Disease

    • Flu like symptoms

      • Painful joints

      • Fatigue may last for months

    • Can damage internal organs without treatment Antibiotics used as treatment

      • Tetracycline (adults)

      • Amoxicillin (children)

    • Vaccines can be administered


    Parasites

    Parasites

    • Gain subsistence from a host organism

    • Ticks

      • Seven species carry Rocky Mountain Spotted fever

      • Five species carry Lyme disease


    Parasites1

    Parasites

    • Ascarids (Toxocara species) & Hookworms

    • Affect dogs and cats

    • May be passed to humans

      • Fever

      • Headache

    • De-worming cats and dogs most effective preventative method


    Parasites2

    Parasites

    • Tapeworm

      • Echinococcus granuosus

        • CA, UT, AZ, NM

      • Echinococcus multilocularus

        • Located in upper Midwest (cool climate)

      • Occasionally carried by dogs and cats

    • Alveolar Hydatid Disease (AHD)

      • Rare

      • Potentially fatal (50-70%)

      • Parasitic tumors of the liver

        • May go unnoticed for years

      • Avoid hand to mouth contact


    Tapeworm

    Tapeworm


    Life cycle of ahd

    Life Cycle of AHD


    Safety

    Safety

    • Assignment:

      • Read page 21 in your textbook

      • Know the 13 safety guidelines for working in the small animals industry


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