Motown Detroit, Michigan “Motor City” Ford Assembly Line Brings African American workers to Detroit for work, opportunity, and non-segregation African Americans brought with them their music (Dixieland and Jazz!) 1960s – early 1970s Detroit Civil Rights Movement
Detroit, Michigan “Motor City”
Ford Assembly Line
Brings African American
workers to Detroit for work,
African Americans brought
with them their music (Dixieland and Jazz!)
1960s – early 1970s
Brown vs. Board of Education
1954: Topeka, Kansas
“Separate but equal is inherently unequal.”
1955-1956: Montgomery, Alabama
Refused to give up her bus seat to a white man and was arrested.
Led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Martin Luther King Jr.
1963: “I Have A Dream” speech
More public awareness of the Civil Rights Movement
1955 – 1968
Attempt to abolish racial segregation in America.
Smokey Robinson & The Miracles
The Jackson 5
“Dreamgirls” movie based on the story of the Supremes!
called Casinyets (“Can’t
Sing Yet”) out of Inkster,
school variety show and were then allowed to audition for Motown Records. They were offered a deal right away.
Berry Gordy- (Born 1929 in Detroit, Michigan) a. Dropped out of high school to become a boxer b. 1951-Drafted by the Army for the Korean War, earned his high school degree c. Returned home in 1953, opened a jazz record store d. Then worked on an assembly line-writing songs as he worked
Berry Gordy-The Beginnings of Success
a. Submitted songs to magazines, singers, contests b. Co-wrote “Reet Petite” which was recorded by Jackie Wilson in 1957 c. Began producing and recording his own artists: the Five Stars, the Miracles (with Smokey Robinson) d. 1959- Establishes Tamla Records which became Motown Records
b. First to feature mostly African American artists who gained crossover success
The Motown Sound of the 1960sa. A style of soul music, stemming from sacred Gospel musicb. Use of tambourine along with drumsc. Prominent/melodic bass line played by electric bassd. Call and Response singing style originating from Gospel musice. Orchestration with strings and horns
choreography and stage suits
soul as the Beatles were to rock.
The "Classic Five" lineup of the Temptations, circa 1965. Left to right: Melvin Franklin, Eddie Kendricks, Otis Williams, Paul Williams, and David Ruffin.