slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 21

Lecture 2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 430 Views
  • Uploaded on

Research Practices 1051-501 http://www.cis.rit.edu/class/simg-501/ J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004 What is Research? … a systematic investigation designed to develop or contribute to generalized knowledge. Source: Code of Federal Regulations - Testing Hypothesis - Drawing Conclusions

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Lecture 2' - issac


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Research Practices

1051-501

http://www.cis.rit.edu/class/simg-501/

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide2

What is Research?

… a systematic investigation designed to develop or contribute to generalized knowledge.

Source: Code of Federal Regulations

- Testing Hypothesis

- Drawing Conclusions

- Developing or Contributing Knowledge

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide3

Observing

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide4

Our perception is our reality.

As scientists we need to be vigilant to

see with our eyes and not our mind.

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide5

Please carefully observe the demonstration

I am about to perform.

Describe in 100 words or less what happened

during this demonstration.

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide7

Scientific Method

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide8

Distinguishing Features

Experimental

- Hypothesis Driven Experiments

Objective vs. Subjective

- Quantitative Approach

Replication of Experiment

- Methods, Materials, and Procedure

Statistical Procedure

- Validity and Reliability

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide9

What happens when the scientific method is not

allowed to follow it s natural course?

- Cold Fusion

- Aluminum causes Alsheimer’s Disease

- Electromagnetic fields from power lines causes cancer.

- Silicone breast implants cause illness.

Once the general public latches on to bad science,

the perception is nearly impossible to change.

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide10

Scientific Method

Observation

Examine the problem.

Review previous work.

Hypothesis

An explanation that accounts for a set of facts and

that can be tested by further investigation.

Experimentation

A test made to examine the validity of a hypothesis.

Test Hypothesis

Do the experimental results support

the hypothesis? Yes No

Theory

A hypothesis that has been tested & validated by many.

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide11

Scientific Method

Observation

Examine the problem.

Review previous work.

Hypothesis

An explanation that accounts for a set of facts and

that can be tested by further investigation.

Experimentation

A test made to examine the validity of a hypothesis.

Test Hypothesis

Do the experimental results support

the hypothesis? Yes No

Theory

A hypothesis that has been tested & validated by many.

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide12

Reviewing Previous Work

Published Sources

Peer Reviewed Journals (SciFinder, Citation Index)

Conference Proceedings

Patents (www.uspto.gov)

Books (amazon.com)

Unpublished Sources

Private Communications (Networking)

Web Sites (Search Engines)

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide13

Web Sites – User Beware

Most Web sites are not peer reviewed

Consider the following site:

http://www.terraresearch.net/

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide14

Evaluating Previous Work

Citation Index

Seminal Articles

Importance

Journal Name

More Rigorous Peer Review

Networking

Experts in the field know which work is good.

Institution/Laboratory

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide16

Research Grants

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide17

Distinguishing Features

- Competitive Nature

- Peer-Review Process

- Application of the scientific method

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide18

Research Granting Agencies

Federal

National Science Foundation (NSF)

National Institute of Health (NIH)

National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA)

US Army, Air Force, etc.

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

International

NATO

Foundations

Dreyfus Foundation

Petroleum Research Foundation (PRF)

Other

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)

Pork

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide19

What are granting agencies looking for?

A return on their investment.

Dissemination of results.

Fulfill their charter.

What are you looking for?

Support for a research idea.

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

slide20

Factors used to decide who gets funded?

Proposed Science - Clarity, Soundness

Track record

Publication history

J.P. Hornak, 1051-501, 2004

ad