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Keynote -- Overcoming Barriers to School Efficiency Richard G. Hawes, Director Department of Facilities Management We Walk The Walk…….. Hybrid Electric Car Of Energy Resources Team Common Barriers Lack of Awareness Lack of Motivation Controlling New School Design

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keynote overcoming barriers to school efficiency

Keynote -- Overcoming Barriers to School Efficiency

Richard G. Hawes, Director

Department of Facilities Management

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

slide2

We Walk The Walk……..

Hybrid Electric Car Of Energy Resources Team

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

common barriers
Common Barriers
  • Lack of Awareness
  • Lack of Motivation
  • Controlling New School Design
  • Cost Constraints – New Buildings
  • Resource Constraints – Existing Buildings

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

slide4

Overcoming Lack of

Awareness

  • Track Utility Costs And Communicate To CFO
  • Utilize Free Resources To Compare Your Energy Performance To Benchmarks
    • Are You Significantly Below Average?

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

slide6

Overcoming Lack of

Awareness

  • Show Potential Savings
    • Use Free Resources
      • State And Federal Programs / Tools / Websites
      • Beware Of Vendor Claims, Credibility
    • Average Retrofit Program Among County Agencies Has ROI > 20 %
    • Energy Use In New Schools Has Decreased Up To 30 % Without Increasing First Costs

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

overcoming lack of
Overcoming Lack of

Motivation

  • GreenSells
    • Even When Energy Savings Isn’t Understood
  • Award / Reward Systems
    • Share Of Savings Returned To School (SERT)
      • Operated By Contractor For MCPS
    • Looking At External Awards This Year – Energy Star Plaques, Earth Apple Awards

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

overcoming lack of8
Overcoming Lack of

Motivation

  • Curriculum Units On Energy
    • Developing Units In All Disciplines
    • Create A Culture Of Energy Conservation
    • Example: Photovoltaic Unit At Goshen ES

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

overcoming lack of10
Overcoming Lack of

Motivation

  • Curriculum Modules Being Tied Directly Into System Wide Instructional Planning Model
    • Must Complement, Not Compete With Basic Instructional Goals

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

controlling new school design
Controlling New School Design
  • Legislation For Life Cycle Cost Analysis / Energy Budgets
    • If You Have It On The Books, Enforce It
    • County Code 8-14A – New Building Design
      • Originated In Montgomery County By Community Advisory Groups
    • Public Schools Construction Program In Maryland Also Requires Life Cycle Cost Analysis

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

controlling new school design14
Controlling New School Design
  • Adopt Guidelines To Direct A/E Firms On Critical Points
  • Official Energy Codes Are Weak
    • Enforce IES Design Light Levels
    • Standardize On Selected High Efficiency Lamps
    • Enforce Energy Efficient HVAC Types, Standardize
  • Standardization Improves Maintenance

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

cost constraints new buildings
Cost Constraints – New Buildings
  • Efficient Buildings Are Not Necessarily More Expensive:
    • Based On DOE Research, And Local Experience Over The Past 15 Years, Integrated Designs Improve Quality And Efficiency, Without Increasing Total Cost Of Project
    • Efficiency Requires More Thinking, Not More Money

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

cost control by integrated design

High Efficiency

Further

Improvements

$ Cost Cap

-----------------------------------------

Smaller HVAC

Cost Control By Integrated Design
early involvement pays
Early Involvement Pays

Savings

Potential

Cost to

Include

SD

DD

CD

PD

cost constraints new buildings18
Cost Constraints – New Buildings
  • Exception: Geothermal Energy Exchange
    • 0% to 20% Higher HVAC System Cost
    • Rapid Payback Through Combined Energy And Maintenance Savings.

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

slide20

Geothermal/Ground Source Heat Pump Systems don’t actually create heat. Instead, they move heat that already exists. Water is circulated through a closed Ground Loop system consisting of HDPE pipes buried beneath the ground.

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

slide21

Geothermal Meets Challenges of Customers

  • Improved Operating Efficiencies
    • Energy Reduced 25% To 50%
    • Maintenance Reduced 66%
  • Maximize Building Comfort
    • Room By Room Control
    • Heating Or Cooling Always Available
    • Quiet Operation
  • Credit Toward LEED Certification

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

slide22

Installing The Geo Heat Exchanger

Drilling The Boreholes – 100 To 300 May Be Needed

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

resource constraints existing buildings
Resource Constraints – Existing Buildings
  • Energy Capital Improvement Program
    • Since 1978 Has Demonstrated Positive Cash Flow Over Each 6-year Funding Cycle
  • Find The Smoking Ballast?
  • Use Utility Operating Funds For Incentive Programs, And Quick Payback Projects (<1 Year)

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

resource constraints existing buildings24
Resource Constraints – Existing Buildings
  • New Funding Options We’re Looking At This Year
    • QZAB Funding
    • Aging School Funds
    • Lease Agreements (Through MCPS Master Lease With Bank Of America)
    • Federal School Renovation Program
    • Community Energy Loan Program (Maryland)

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

successes to date
Successes To Date
  • 70 % Of Schools Have Lighting Retrofits
  • 85 % Of Schools Have Energy Management Control Systems
  • $3.5 Million Saved Through Occupant Awareness Programs
  • All New Buildings Meet Energy Guidelines
    • One Geothermal School Open, One In Design

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

new initiatives
New Initiatives
  • Energy Resources Team Created
    • Energy Manager Position Created
    • Utility Analyst Position Created
    • Energy Now Reports To Director’s Office
    • With Existing Five Energy Management Technicians, And New Customer Service Specialist

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

new initiatives27
New Initiatives
  • Energy Resources Team Created (2001)

Energy Control Central For 170 Schools

new initiatives28
New Initiatives
  • Pursue Outside Funding Opportunities Of Energy Improvements
  • Utility Deregulation:
    • Contracts For Electricity And Natural Gas Proving Very Rewarding
  • Internet Based Automation Systems For SERT And Energy Management

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

slide29

The End………

Hybrid Electric Car Of Energy Resources Team

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

for more information
For More Information:
  • Please Visit Out Website At:

WWW.MCPS.K12.MD.US/Departments/Facilities/GreenSchoolsFocus

Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland

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