Independence Information from the Government Auditing Standards U.S. General Accounting Office Dr. Carlos E. Johnson, Chairman Oklahoma Accountancy Board General Standard
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Information from the
Government Auditing Standards
U.S. General Accounting Office
“In all matters relating to the audit work, the audit organization and the individual auditor, whether government or public, should be free both in fact and appearance from personal, external and organizational impairments to independence.”
Nongovernment auditors should also follow the AICPA code of professional conduct and the code of professional conduct of the state board with jurisdiction over the practice of the public accountant and audit organization.
Auditors should avoid situations that could lead reasonable third parties to conclude that auditors are not able to maintain independence in conducting audits.
Auditors should not serve as members of an entity’s management committee or board of directors, make policy decisions that affect future direction and operation of an entity’s programs, supervise entity employees, develop programmatic policy, authorize an entity’s transactions or maintain custody of an entity’s assets.
Audit organizations should not audit their own work. Audit organizations should consider:
Requirements for providing audits, including laws, rules, contractual agreements;
Policies placing responsibilities on the audit organizations for providing audit services.
The audit organization should document its consideration of the nonaudit services. Documentation should include the rationale that providing nonaudit services does not violate the two overarching principles.
If the audit organization prepares organizations should consider:DRAFT financial statements and notes and performs the financial statement audit, management should acknowledge the audit organization’s role in preparing the financial statements and notes and management’s review, approval and responsibility for the financial statements and notes in the management representation letter.
Likewise, if the audit organization converts cash-based financial statements to accrual-based financial statements, management should acknowledge the audit organization’s role in reflecting accruals and management’s review, approval, and responsibility for the accrual adjustments in the management representation letter.
Taken from Government Auditing Standards
Dated July 2002
Oklahoma Accountancy Board