Federal Cloud Computing Training

Federal Cloud Computing Training PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Agenda. . IntroductionCloud Computing DefinitionTechnical OverviewCost and Energy BenefitsFederal Cloud Computing PMO UpdateFederal Cloud Computing Governance. 2. Introduction. 3. Administration Priorities for Infrastructure Modernization and Cloud Computing. The Federal technology environment requires a fundamental reexamination of investments in technology infrastructure."

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Federal Cloud Computing Training

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2. 2

3. Introduction 3

4. Administration Priorities for Infrastructure Modernization and Cloud Computing The Federal technology environment requires a fundamental reexamination of investments in technology infrastructure.” “The Infrastructure Modernization Program will be taking on new challenges and responsibilities. Pilot projects will be implemented to offer an opportunity to utilize more fully and broadly departmental and agency architectures to identify enterprise -wide common services and solutions with a new emphasis on could computing. “ “The Federal Government will transform its Information Technology Infrastructure by virtualizing data centers, consolidating data centers and operations, and ultimately adopting a cloud-computing business model.” FY2010 Federal Budget Analytical Perspectives Cross Cutting Programs http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/fy2010/assets/crosscutting.pdf 4

5. Federal government is fundamentally changing the way it operates. We are confronted with system-wide challenges ranging from the economy, the environment, to health care, etc. Our public infrastructure is not performing adequately and there are operational and public safety risks. Such challenges have forced the Federal government to take a front and center role in working across the public, private, and academic sectors to solve massively complex and cross-disciplinary, interdependent problems. From an operational perspective, all systems operate today via human interactions with technology and with IT infrastructure as the foundational grid from which those interactions and transactions are enabled. Increasingly, more demands will be made of Federal government, for handling, managing, and overseeing transactions (e.g. Recovery.gov, Ethics.gov, Data.gov, etc.). As a steward and provider of services to citizens, what we provision requires 21st century infrastructure, know-how, and innovation.

6. Real drivers for change in IT and IT infrastructure are not solely the need for higher performance or cost savings but the macro-level system-wide challenges that technology can help solve. In a tight economy though, the real issue or challenge in IT is between the availability of money, perceived value, and the needs of IT infrastructure (especially data centers). Problem is that as the demand for and the needs for modern IT infrastructure grow, the “discretionary cash” may not be there. This pushes CFOs, CAOs, CIOs, CTOs, CHCOS to think differently about IT infrastructure investments and ask the fundamental questions of who, what, where, when , and how? It forces us to think less about equipment purchases and more about services. It pushes us to think more creatively about addressing these complex problems holistically with our community of CFOs, CAOs, CIOs, CTOs, CHCOs. How can we change the existing infrastructure in place? We need to rally around the problem and solve the problem together. We need to move from the status-quo and deliver required capabilities which will prime the pump for the transactions and services required by the people, businesses, and industries of the nation.

7. Cloud Computing Definition

8. The Evolution of Cloud Computing 8

9. Forces Driving Cloud Computing 9

10. What is Cloud Computing The NIST Definition Cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. This cloud model promotes availability and is composed of five essential characteristics, three delivery models, and four deployment models”. NIST Definition of Cloud Computing, Draft version 14 http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/SNS/cloud-computing/index.html 10

11. What is Cloud Computing The NIST Definition (continued) Delivery Models Software as a Service (SaaS) Platform as a Service (PaaS) Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) Five Characteristics: On Demand Service Ubiquitous Network Access Location Independent Resource Pooling Rapid Elasticity Measured Service 11

12. What is Cloud Computing? Three Main Types of Services 12

13. The Different Types of Cloud Services Are Geared For Different Purposes 13

14. Deployment Model Overview 14

15. Selecting the Right Deployment Model 15

16. Sample Services Per Deployment Model 16

17. Key Benefits Significant Cost Reduction - Computing available at a fraction of the cost, eliminate upfront capital expenditures and dramatically reduce administrative burden on IT resources Increased Flexibility - on-demand computing across technologies, business solutions and large ecosystems of providers, reducing time to implement new solutions from months to days Elastic Scalability - scale up or down instantaneously based on actual consumption and pay for only what is used Rich Business Tools - Unlock tools and capabilities offered within the industry that significantly increase time to market and offer rich functionality Tap Free Market Innovation - expose Government Data and Applications to enable a 3rd Party open-source development community 17

18. Cloud Computing Fosters Innovation 18

19. Key Indicators for Cloud Computing Value

20. Grab Bag of Cloud Related Terms may indicate a cloud solution

21. Technical Overview 21

22. Deploying Cloud Services Government Considerations 22

23. Government Cloud Framework 23

24. Technical Evolutionary Path 24

25. Market Overview SaaS Providers Run on top of underlying cloud infrastructure platforms CRM, ERP, VoIP, BI, supply chain PaaS Providers ERP,DB,XML files, flat files,web services, on-demand apps, SaaS hoster, API’s, load balancing, DNS configuration, storage IaaS Providers Proxy for buying servers, software, data center space or network equipment Pay for memory, bandwidth, storage consumed 25

26. Government Agencies are Already Experimenting with Cloud Services 26

27. A Sample of What Government Agencies Are Doing in Cloud Services 27

28. 28

29. Cost and Energy Benefits

30. Cloud Computing Planning: Selecting Services 30

31. IT Project Evaluation Criteria and Cloud Computing Offers a Better Option 31

32. On-Premise Development Costs 32

33. Cloud Computing Minimizes Up Front Costs 33

34. Lower Operational Costs 34

35. Energy Savings Example Current Data Center Statistics The Government possesses data centers housing over 150,000 servers Data centers used 61 billion kWh of electricity in 2006, representing 1.5% of all U.S. electricity consumption and double the amount consumed in 2000 Based on current trends, energy consumed by data centers will continue to grow by 12% per year The average utilization rate for servers ranges from 5% to 15%. Many agencies are paying the energy costs to run data centers at 100% capacity. Potential Savings An EPA report to Congress estimated that if state-of-the-art technology were adopted then energy efficiency could be improved by as much as 70%. Saving a modest 10%of total energy use would amount to energy savings of 10.7 billion kilowatt-hours per year -- an amount equivalent to the electricity consumed by one million US households and valued at about $740 million. State of the Art Technology = Virtualized Storage Services obtained through Cloud Computing 35

36. Federal Cloud Computing PMO Update 36

37. Phased Approach to Implementing Cloud Services 37

38. Phased Approach to Deploying Cloud Services 38

39. IaaS RFQ 39

40. Cloud Storefront 40

41. Additional PMO Activities Refining the Federal Cloud Computing Concept of Operations and Transition Strategy Plan Market Research Agency Cloud Computing Initiative Research/ Knowledge Sharing Development of a Federal-wide C&A Process 41

42. Federal Cloud Computing Governance 42

43. Current IT Planning 43

44. Cloud Computing Deployment is Possible Only Through Effective Planning 44

45. Putting Effective IT Planning into Practice Do not use Enterprise Architecture as a compliance or reporting exercise. Use it as a management tool to achieve true business transformation. Build a bridge between EA and IT Operations, fostering continuous collaboration. Use EA analysis to drive the Capital Planning process by making specific investment recommendations that will result in cost savings and performance improvements. 45

46. Federal Cloud Computing Governance Structure 46

47. 47

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