Agenda. . IntroductionCloud Computing DefinitionTechnical OverviewCost and Energy BenefitsFederal Cloud Computing PMO UpdateFederal Cloud Computing Governance. 2. Introduction. 3. Administration Priorities for Infrastructure Modernization and Cloud Computing. The Federal technology environment requires a fundamental reexamination of investments in technology infrastructure."
3. Introduction 3
4. Administration Priorities for Infrastructure Modernization and Cloud Computing The Federal technology environment requires a fundamental reexamination of investments in technology infrastructure.”
“The Infrastructure Modernization Program will be taking on new challenges and responsibilities. Pilot projects will be implemented to offer an opportunity to utilize more fully and broadly departmental and agency architectures to identify enterprise -wide common services and solutions with a new emphasis on could computing. “
“The Federal Government will transform its Information Technology Infrastructure by virtualizing data centers, consolidating data centers and operations, and ultimately adopting a cloud-computing business model.”
FY2010 Federal Budget
Cross Cutting Programs
5. Federal government is fundamentally changing the way it operates.
We are confronted with system-wide challenges ranging from the economy, the environment, to health care, etc.
Our public infrastructure is not performing adequately and there are operational and public safety risks.
Such challenges have forced the Federal government to take a front and center role in working across the public, private, and academic sectors to solve massively complex and cross-disciplinary, interdependent problems.
From an operational perspective, all systems operate today via human interactions with technology and with IT infrastructure as the foundational grid from which those interactions and transactions are enabled.
Increasingly, more demands will be made of Federal government, for handling, managing, and overseeing transactions (e.g. Recovery.gov, Ethics.gov, Data.gov, etc.).
As a steward and provider of services to citizens, what we provision requires 21st century infrastructure, know-how, and innovation.
6. Real drivers for change in IT and IT infrastructure are not solely the need for higher performance or cost savings but the macro-level system-wide challenges that technology can help solve.
In a tight economy though, the real issue or challenge in IT is between the availability of money, perceived value, and the needs of IT infrastructure (especially data centers).
Problem is that as the demand for and the needs for modern IT infrastructure grow, the “discretionary cash” may not be there.
This pushes CFOs, CAOs, CIOs, CTOs, CHCOS to think differently about IT infrastructure investments and ask the fundamental questions of who, what, where, when , and how?
It forces us to think less about equipment purchases and more about services.
It pushes us to think more creatively about addressing these complex problems holistically with our community of CFOs, CAOs, CIOs, CTOs, CHCOs. How can we change the existing infrastructure in place?
We need to rally around the problem and solve the problem together.
We need to move from the status-quo and deliver required capabilities which will prime the pump for the transactions and services required by the people, businesses, and industries of the nation.
7. Cloud Computing Definition
8. The Evolution of Cloud Computing 8
9. Forces Driving Cloud Computing 9
10. What is Cloud ComputingThe NIST Definition Cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. This cloud model promotes availability and is composed of five essential characteristics, three delivery models, and four deployment models”.
Definition of Cloud Computing, Draft version 14
11. What is Cloud ComputingThe NIST Definition (continued) Delivery Models
Software as a Service (SaaS)
Platform as a Service (PaaS)
Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
On Demand Service
Ubiquitous Network Access
Location Independent Resource Pooling
12. What is Cloud Computing?Three Main Types of Services 12
13. The Different Types of Cloud Services Are Geared For Different Purposes 13
14. Deployment Model Overview 14
15. Selecting the Right Deployment Model 15
16. Sample Services Per Deployment Model 16
17. Key Benefits Significant Cost Reduction - Computing available at a fraction of the cost, eliminate upfront capital expenditures and dramatically reduce administrative burden on IT resources
Increased Flexibility - on-demand computing across technologies, business solutions and large ecosystems of providers, reducing time to implement new solutions from months to days
Elastic Scalability - scale up or down instantaneously based on actual consumption and pay for only what is used
Rich Business Tools - Unlock tools and capabilities offered within the industry that significantly increase time to market and offer rich functionality
Tap Free Market Innovation - expose Government Data and Applications to enable a 3rd Party open-source development community 17
18. Cloud Computing Fosters Innovation 18
19. Key Indicators for Cloud Computing Value
20. Grab Bag of Cloud Related Terms may indicate a cloud solution
21. Technical Overview 21
22. Deploying Cloud ServicesGovernment Considerations 22
23. Government Cloud Framework 23
24. Technical Evolutionary Path 24
25. Market Overview
Run on top of underlying cloud infrastructure platforms
CRM, ERP, VoIP, BI, supply chain
ERP,DB,XML files, flat files,web services, on-demand apps, SaaS hoster, API’s,
load balancing, DNS configuration, storage
Proxy for buying servers, software, data center space or network equipment
Pay for memory, bandwidth, storage consumed
26. Government Agencies are Already Experimenting with Cloud Services 26
27. A Sample of What Government Agencies Are Doing in Cloud Services 27
29. Cost and Energy Benefits
30. Cloud Computing Planning:Selecting Services 30
31. IT Project Evaluation Criteria andCloud Computing Offers a Better Option 31
32. On-Premise Development Costs 32
33. Cloud Computing Minimizes Up Front Costs 33
34. Lower Operational Costs 34
35. Energy Savings Example Current Data Center Statistics
The Government possesses data centers housing over 150,000 servers
Data centers used 61 billion kWh of electricity in 2006, representing 1.5% of all U.S. electricity consumption and double the amount consumed in 2000
Based on current trends, energy consumed by data centers will continue to grow by 12% per year
The average utilization rate for servers ranges from 5% to 15%.
Many agencies are paying the energy costs to run data centers at 100% capacity.
An EPA report to Congress estimated that if state-of-the-art technology were adopted then energy efficiency could be improved by as much as 70%.
Saving a modest 10%of total energy use would amount to energy savings of 10.7 billion kilowatt-hours per year -- an amount equivalent to the electricity consumed by one million US households and valued at about $740 million.
State of the Art Technology = Virtualized Storage Services obtained through Cloud Computing 35
36. Federal Cloud Computing PMO Update 36
37. Phased Approach to Implementing Cloud Services 37
38. Phased Approach to Deploying Cloud Services 38
39. IaaS RFQ 39
40. Cloud Storefront 40
41. Additional PMO Activities Refining the Federal Cloud Computing Concept of Operations and Transition Strategy Plan
Agency Cloud Computing Initiative Research/ Knowledge Sharing
Development of a Federal-wide C&A Process
42. Federal Cloud Computing Governance 42
43. Current IT Planning 43
44. Cloud Computing Deployment is Possible Only Through Effective Planning 44
45. Putting Effective IT Planning into Practice Do not use Enterprise Architecture as a compliance or reporting exercise. Use it as a management tool to achieve true business transformation.
Build a bridge between EA and IT Operations, fostering continuous collaboration.
Use EA analysis to drive the Capital Planning process by making specific investment recommendations that will result in cost savings and performance improvements.
46. Federal Cloud Computing Governance Structure 46