EU ALCOLOCK PROGRAMS FOR DUI-OFFENDERS. Factors influencing implementation, participation and compliance Results of a literature review Funded by the European Commission. René Mathijssen SWOV, The Netherlands www.swov.nl.
Factors influencing implementation, participation and compliance
Results of a literature review
Funded by the European Commission
SWOV, The Netherlands
Conditions for program entrance/continuation:
Result: approx. half of the already low number of participants had to leave the program after one year, immediately showing strongly increased recidivism rates (Bjerre, 2005). This might have been prevented, if continued drinking problems would have been a reason for extended program participation beyond the standard period, instead of removal from the program.
Inconvenience and cost of alcolock programs:
Mandatory vs. voluntary programs:
Judicial vs. administrative programs:
Willingness of general practitioners to report alcohol-dependent patients:
(Self-reporting by males 17-25 in Australia; Young et al., 2003)
Preceding period of hard suspension: