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Supported by DPI Preschool IDEA Discretionary Funds. Developing a Range of Options in Your Community. What? Why? How? Where?. Preschool Options. Each public agency shall ensure that a continuum of alternative placements is available to meet the needs of children with disabilities.

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developing a range of options in your community

Supported by DPI Preschool IDEA Discretionary Funds

Developing a Range of Options in Your Community

idea legal definition
Each public agency shall ensure that a continuum of alternative placements is available to meet the needs of children with disabilities.

34 CFR 300.551

IDEA: Legal Definition
slide4
In determining the educational placement of a child with a disability including a preschool child … the placement decision is made by a group knowledgeable about …

the placement options.

34 CFR 300.552 (a) (1)

IDEA
slide5
“The full continuum of alternative placements at 34 CFR 300.551, including integrated placement options, such as community-based settings with typically developing age peers, must be available to preschool children with disabilities.”

34 CFR Part 300 Comments to IDEA Final Regulations

IDEA
seventh circuit decision
District failed to comply with LRE requirement.

Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) applies to preschool.

Seventh Circuit Decision
dec policy
“Inclusion, as a value, supports the right of all children, regardless of abilities, to participate actively in natural settings within their communities. Natural settings are those in which the child would spend time had he or she not had a disability.”

Division for Early Childhood

www.dec-sped.org

DEC Policy
slide10
Home

“Instruction at home may be the most natural environment for a young child with a disability if the child’s IEP/IFSP team so determines.”

34 CFR Part 300 Comments to IDEA Final Regulations

slide16
Children with disabilities benefit from inclusion:

Generalization of skills

Reduced need for intensive services

Why?
review of research
Review of Research

Children with disabilities in inclusive settings make more social

skill gains.

social skills
“Families realized that the children did better than we all had expected in the community placements and that they were acting more like children than special education students…”

Bruder, 2000

Social skills
review of research19
Gains in cognitive, language and motor skills for children with disabilities in inclusive settings are comparable to those in self-contained.

(Buysee & Bailey, 1993; Fewell & Oelwein, 1999, Jenkins, Odom, & Speltz, 1985; Wolery & McWilliam, 1998).

Review of Research
review of research20
Children from segregated preschool settings are twice as likely to retain special education eligibility and three times more likely to receive services in segregated settings.

Miller, L.J., Strain, P.S., McKinley, J., Heckathorn, K., &Miller, S. (1993).

Review of Research
review of research21
Early Childhood Research Institute on Inclusion

www.fpg.unc.edu/~ecrii

Keys to Inclusion

www.nectas.unc.edu

Review of Research
research from wisconsin
Research Addressed issues:

IEP goals and objectives

Family involvement in placement

Research From Wisconsin
family involvement
“Effective partnerships between parents and professionals require collaboration. It is hard work.”

J. Fialka

Family Involvement
wspei
Wisconsin Statewide Parent-Educator Initiative

http://www.dpi.state.wi.us/een/parent.html

WSPEI
slide25
Awareness and dissemination

Changing professional practice

Collaborative planning

Utilize research to address challenges

Individualizing services/expanding options

How?
individualizing services
DPI Bulletin 00.09 questions IEP team considers to determine service delivery:

Where does the child usually spend the day?

Can the goals and objectives be addressed in age appropriate settings?

If not, what other settings for service delivery will meet the child’s needs?

Individualizing Services
quality
A high quality program is a necessary foundation of preschool inclusion

However the program must ensure that developmental needs of young children with disabilities are met

Quality
quality28
NAEYC National Accreditation

Cesa8.k12.wi.us

Evaluation Tools

Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale

DEC Recommended Practices

Quality
outcomes
Benefits for ALL children

Efficient use of resources

Shared responsibility

Collaborative professional development

Improved referral system

Outcomes
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