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Chapter Seven. Diversity and Equity: Schooling and American Indians. Pluralism Valuing and maintaining cultural differences within a society . Assimilation The process by which diverse cultures and their customs, habits and languages are absorbed into the dominant culture.

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Chapter seven l.jpg

Chapter Seven

Diversity and Equity:

Schooling and American Indians


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Pluralism

Valuing and maintaining cultural differences within a society.

Assimilation

The process by which diverse cultures and their customs, habits and languages are absorbed into the dominant culture.

Pluralism vs. Assimilation


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Indians and whites in uneasy coexistence

Federal government as trustee of Indian rights

Economic value of partnership with Indians declines as nineteenth century progresses

Values of whites and Indians increasingly conflict

Indians as obstacles to “manifest destiny”

“Trust Relationship”


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Land allotment and boarding schools

meant to directly force Indians into assimilation through transfer of law and removal for schooling

Scientific management and education reform

Merriam Report of 1928 documents failure of assimilation attempts and recommends progressive education incorporating Indian culture and values

The Social Education of Native Americans


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John Collier’s influence

developed “cross-culture” approach to counter Indian resistance

Willard Walcott Beatty

emphasized need for Indians to accept their “role” as laborers

school as main vehicle of assimilation

The Social Education of Native Americans


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Ongoing tensions between liberal democratic ideology and Native American perspectives

What is the role of the dominant culture today in terms of responsibility to Native Americans?

Concluding Remarks


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assimilation Native American perspectives

boarding school

Bureau of Ethnology

Bureau of Indian Affairs

Cherokee Nation v. Georgia

John Collier

community control

cultural pluralism

Dawes Allotment Act

dominant culture

Merriam Report

scientific administration

tribal self-determination

Willard Walcott Beatty

Worcester v. Georgia

Developing your Professional Vocabulary


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