A 2009 Report on Technology Education in the United States International Conference on Technology Education in the Asia Pacific Region Taipei Taiwan - November 11, 2009 Overview of Presentation Nationally-developed educational standards in the U.S.
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International Conference on Technology Education in the Asia Pacific Region
Taipei Taiwan - November 11, 2009
Standards for Technological Literacy (STL)(ITEA, 2000,2002/2007) presents the content for what every student should know and be able to do in order to be technologically literate.
Technological literacy is the
use, manage, evaluate,
and understand technology.
Technology Literacy for All:
A Rationale and Study for the Study of Technology (ITEA,2006)
One that understands:
Technological literacy involves:
Much more than a knowledge about computers and digital electronics.
Gaining a degree of knowledge about the nature, behavior, power, and consequences of technology from a real world perspective.
implementing STL in K-12
In 2001 and 2004, The International Technology Education Association (ITEA) conducted polls which were done by the Gallup Organization on how Americans think about technology. (http://www.iteaconnect.org/TAA/Publications/TAA_Publications.html)
ITEA Research and Curriculum Efforts:
Most Americans (68% in 2004 & 67% in 2001) view technology very narrowly as being computers, electronics, and the internet.
There was near total consensus (98% in 2004 & 97% in 2001) in the public sampled that schools should include the study of technology in the curriculum.
When asked how important it is for high school students to understand the relationship between science and technology, 98% of the Americans stated that they thought that this was “very or somewhat important”.
In both polls, a majority of Americans (62% in 2004 and 59% in 2001) responded that science and technology are basically one and the same thing.
What is Science?
What is Technology?
Science seeks to understand the natural world.
National Science Education Standards, National Research Council, 1996.
Deals with the natural world.
Is very concerned with what is(exists) in the natural world. (i.e.: Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Astronomy, Geology, etc.)
Deals with how humans modify, change, alter, or control the natural world.
Is very concerned with what can or should be designed, made, or developed from natural world materials and substances to satisfy human needs and wants
Is concerned with inquiries that seek out the meaning of the natural world by “inquiry”, “discovering what is”, “exploring”, and using“the Scientific Method”.
Is concerned with such processes that we use to alter/change the natural world such as “Invention”, Innovation”, Practical Problem Solving, and Design.
While technology and science have a common denominator being the natural world, they are similar yet very different.
Technology is not any more “applied science” than science is “applied technology”.
This is the school subject specifically designed to teach children about the broad field of technology.
To eliminate confusion … technology is the subject matter content while the study of technology formally in schools today is called technology education.
Technology Education, which is the study of technology, should NOT be confused with Information Technology, Educational (or instructional) Technology, or Information and Computer Technology (ICT)!
In the U.S. today, there is much misunderstanding about …
There is a growing movement in the U. S. to teach the integrative subjects of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM).
Only four percent of American college graduates in 2003 majored in engineering compared to 13 percent of European students and 20 percent of those in Asia.
Do We Teach engineering or Engineering?
engineering – little “e” – used as a verb
to teach all students to think or learn to engineer or use engineering concepts
Engineering – big “E” – used as a noun
prepare students to be Engineers – career oriented
Standards-Based Model – Grades K-16
* ProBase and I3 – NSF funded projects
National Assessment of
Educational Progress (NAEP)
(“The Nation’s Report Card”)
2012 Technological Literacy Framework Project
Develop the recommended framework and specifications for NAEP Technological Literacy 2012 in grades 4, 8, and 12.
The assessment will be entirely computer-based.
WestEd Project funded by the U.S. Department of Education (2009-2012)
Reporting NAEP Scores
NAEP Technological Literacy Project
For More Information:
National Assessment Governing Board
The power and promise of technology can be further enhanced through the study of technology to assure that all people are technologically literate in the future.
William E. Dugger, Jr.
Senior Fellow and Former Director
Technology for All Americans Project
International Technology Education Association
A copy of this presentation can be downloaded by going to:http://www.iteaconnect.org/Resources/PressRoom/2009Taiwanconferenceontechnology education.ppt
Ariens Technology and Engineering Education Center Blueprint: Designing Wisconsin’s Future:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FCF3BZsCdsU