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INTRODUCTIONS & QUICK PRETEST 1.1 The Sphere Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response INTRODUCTIONS QUICK PRETEST Answer these 15 questions as well as you can, there may be more than one correct answer.

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INTRODUCTIONS & QUICK PRETEST

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INTRODUCTIONS &QUICK PRETEST

1.1

The Sphere Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response


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INTRODUCTIONS


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QUICK PRETEST

Answer these 15 questions as well as you can, there may be more than one correct answer.

1. The Sphere project is a collection of different organizations’ and agencies’ unique requirements for provision of humanitarian services in several sectors.

T

F


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2. The Humanitarian Charter is based on the principles and provisions of international humanitarian law, international human rights law, refugee law, and the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief.

T

F


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3. Check the three key principles below that are reflected in the Charter:

The right to life with dignity

Distinction between just and unjust war

The principle of non-refoulement

Distinction between combatants and non-combatants

Access to sustained and adequate health care

Freedom of expression

Access to humanitarian space


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4. Which of the following are integral to the structure of the Sphere book:

The Humanitarian Charter

Common Standards

Case-Study Examples of Humanitarian Response

Minimum Standards

Key Indicators

Key Strategies

Guidance notes

Code of Conduct


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5. Examples of Sphere standards in the provision of sanitation include:

People have adequate numbers of toilets...

At least every four families have access to a latrine

People have an environment that is acceptably uncontaminated by solid waste…

No dwelling is more than 15 meters from a refuse container

A maximum of 20 people use each toilet

At least one 100 liter refuse container is available per 10 families…


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DOMISTAN STAR

SCENARIO

DOMISTAN

SHIP FORCED BACK

DOMISTAN STAR

PACIFIC STATES NAVAL FLEET

Salt Island

(protectorate of P.S.)

PACIFIC STATES


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DOMISTAN STAR

File photo


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DOMISTAN STAR FACTS:

The ship captain admits illegal trafficking

First report is of 800 people living in shipping containers

Pacific States have absolutely refused landing

on the continent

Salt Island administrator is awaiting advice before allowing landing

People have completely exhausted their food and water reserves

People have been aboard for 3 weeks - future is uncertain

Ship’s owner demands to unload people at Salt Island

Talks are at a stalemate


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DOMISTAN STAR DIAGRAMS

SECTION

PLAN


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12 m

6 m

2.4 m

2.4 m

LARGE CONTAINER

SMALL CONTAINER

Domistan Star Shipping Containers


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6. Use of Sphere approach in response to this situation could reasonably include:

Use of standards to advocate for migrants’ rights

Use of Charter to advocate for non-return of passengers

Use of indicators to plan for immediate humanitarian aid

Use of Charter to guide immediate on-board assessment

Use of code of conduct to guide humanitarian response in the midst of political discussion

Use of indicators to demand landing of passengers on Salt Island


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7. Which of the following are Sphere indicators that might apply in this case:

People have access to 15 liters of water p/p/d

People’s safe access to market goods and services as producers, consumers and traders is protected

No more than 20 people per latrine

Organizations, programmes and projects that either cannot address identified needs or are unable to attain them make any gaps known so that others may assist

Women, men and children from all affected groups are regularly consulted, and are involved in monitoring activities


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8. Scurvy has been reported among the passengers by the first arriving emergency health team - this fact alone is an indicator that nutrition standards are not being met.

T

F


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6 m

2.4 m

2.4 m

9. First responders report that up to 20 people are sheltering in small un-insulated containers like the one shown below. Based purely on shelter space indicators, this should be adequate for the passengers until the situation is resolved.

T

F


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10. The passengers have been allowed to land at Salt Island. Their status as refugees, illegal migrants, or victims of illegal trafficking, however, is still uncertain. Nobody knows how long these people may have to remain on Salt Island while high-level political negotiations continue. A Pacific States - based NGO has agreed to provide food for these people until a permanent solution can be found. Which of the following indicators are correct for determining the amount and types of food to be supplied according to Sphere?

  • 2100 kcal p/p/d

  • 1900 kcal p/p/d

  • 40-50% of total energy provided by protein

  • 10-12% of total energy provided by protein

  • 17% of total energy provided by fat

  • 27% of total energy provided by fat


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11. Which of the following are Sphere indicators that might apply in this case:

People are aware of the quantity and type of ration to be distributed

People have access to 15 liters of water p/p/d

No more than 20 people per latrine

All staff working on a food aid program are informed of the purpose and methods of activities they are asked to carry out

Women, men and children from the affected population are regularly consulted, and are involved in monitoring activities


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12. Due to developments in the region, approximately 20,000 Domistani people are to be relocated to Salt Island from detention centers and other holding facilities. Your organization has been requested to develop a site plan for a “camp” to be built by the Pacific States Military Forces. Using Sphere indicators as a basic planning tool, about how big should the site be?

About 1 square kilometer

About 4 square kilometers

About 8 square kilometers

There is no indicator for overall site area per person


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13. Several NGOs and UN agencies have been carrying out assessments and programming missions to Salt Island. The Sphere materials and approach might benefit this activity in which of the following ways?

Improved coordination through shared standards

Requiring inter-agency and multi-sectoral analysis

Helping relate particular groups’ needs to unique standards of service as dictated by organizational mandates (refugees, children, women, elderly, for example)

Providing checklists for initial assessments


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14. A measles outbreak has been reported in the newly established camp at Salt Island. Which of these indicators apply?

At least 95% of children 6 months to 15 years old receive a dose of measles vaccine

Newcomers are vaccinated systematically

At least 95% of children from 6 months to 59 months receive a dose of vitamin A

Initiation of outbreak investigation occurs within 24 hours of notification


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15. Health programs are beginning for the population at Salt Island. Several new NGOs are undertaking these tasks. Which indicators below might apply to the organization of these programs.

Representatives of the Ministry of Health lead the health sector response whenever possible

Regular health sector coordination meetings are held for local and external partners at both central and field levels

Women and men from the disaster-affected, and wider local population are consulted, and are involved in decision-making ...


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How well did you do?

Here are the answers.


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QUICK PRETEST

Answer these 15 questions as well as you can, there may be more than one correct answer.

1. The Sphere project is a collection of different organizations’ and agencies’ unique requirements for provision of humanitarian services in several sectors.

T

F

It is a collection of shared principles, standards, indicators and guidance


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2. The Humanitarian Charter is based on the principles and provisions of international humanitarian law, international human rights law, refugee law, and the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief.

T

F

Yes, that’s true


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3. Check the three key principles below that are reflected in the Charter:

The right to life with dignity

Distinction between just and unjust war

The principle of non-refoulement

Distinction between combatants and non-combatants

Access to sustained and adequate health care

Freedom of expression

Access to humanitarian space

* Based on Human Rights, Humanitarian, and Refugee Law


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4. Which of the following are integral to the structure of the Sphere book:

The Humanitarian Charter

Common Standards

Case-Study Examples of Humanitarian Response

Minimum Standards

Key Indicators

Key Strategies

Guidance notes

Code of Conduct

* It’s true – check it out.


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5. Examples of Sphere standards in the provision of sanitation include:

People have adequate numbers of toilets...

At least every four families have access to a latrine

People have an environment that is acceptably uncontaminated by solid waste…

No dwelling is more than 15 meters from a refuse container

A maximum of 20 people use each toilet

At least one 100 liter refuse container is available per 10 families…

* The others are INDICATORS – not STANDARDS


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DOMISTAN STAR

SCENARIO

DOMISTAN

SHIP FORCED BACK

DOMISTAN STAR

PACIFIC STATES NAVAL FLEET

Salt Island

(protectorate of P.S.)

PACIFIC STATES


Slide30 l.jpg

DOMISTAN STAR

File photo


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DOMISTAN STAR FACTS:

The ship captain admits illegal trafficking

First report is of 800 people living in shipping containers

Pacific States have absolutely refused landing

on the continent

Salt Island administrator is awaiting advice before allowing landing

People have completely exhausted their food and water reserves

People have been aboard for 3 weeks - future is uncertain

Ship’s owner demands to unload people at Salt Island

Talks are at a stalemate


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DOMISTAN STAR DIAGRAMS

SECTION

PLAN


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12 m

6 m

2.4 m

2.4 m

LARGE CONTAINER

SMALL CONTAINER

Domistan Star Shipping Containers


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6. Use of Sphere approach in response to this situation could reasonably include:

Use of standards to advocate for migrants’ rights

Use of Charter to advocate for non-return of passengers

Use of indicators to plan for immediate humanitarian aid

Use of Charter to guide immediate on-board assessment

Use of code of conduct to guide humanitarian response in the midst of political discussion

Use of indicators to demand landing of passengers on Salt Island


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7. Which of the following are Sphere indicators that might apply in this case:

People have access to 15 liters of water p/p/d

People’s safe access to market goods and services as producers, consumers and traders is protected

No more than 20 people per latrine

Organizations, programmes and projects that either cannot address identified needs or are unable to attain them make any gaps known so that others may assist

Women, men and children from all affected groups are regularly consulted, and are involved in monitoring activities


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Yes, that’s true, see page 138 – also pellagra, beri-beri, and riboflavin deficiencies would be considered key indicators

8. Scurvy has been reported among the passengers by the first arriving emergency health team - this fact alone is an indicator that nutrition standards are not being met.

T

F


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6 m

2.4 m

See page 219 – area required is 3.5 m2 /person….this situation provides only 0.72 m2 /person

2.4 m

9. First responders report that up to 20 people are sheltering in small un-insulated containers like the one shown below. Based purely on shelter space indicators, this should be adequate for the passengers until the situation is resolved.

T

F


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See page 138

10. The passengers have been allowed to land at Salt Island. Their status as refugees, illegal migrants, or victims of illegal trafficking, however, is still uncertain. Nobody knows how long these people may have to remain on Salt Island while high-level political negotiations continue. A Pacific States - based NGO has agreed to provide food for these people until a permanent solution can be found. Which of the following indicators are correct for determining the amount and types of food to be supplied according to Sphere?

  • 2100 kcal p/p/d

  • 1900 kcal p/p/d

  • 40-50% of total energy provided by protein

  • 10-12% of total energy provided by protein

  • 17% of total energy provided by fat

  • 27% of total energy provided by fat


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11. Which of the following are Sphere indicators that might apply in this case:

People are aware of the quantity and type of ration to be distributed

People have access to 15 liters of water p/p/d

No more than 20 people per latrine

All staff working on a food aid program are informed of the purpose and methods of activities they are asked to carry out

Women, men and children from the affected population are regularly consulted, and are involved in monitoring activities


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12. Due to developments in the region, approximately 20,000 Domistani people are to be relocated to Salt Island from detention centers and other holding facilities. Your organization has been requested to develop a site plan for a “camp” to be built by the Pacific States Military Forces. Using Sphere indicators as a basic planning tool, about how big should the site be?

About 1 square kilometer

About 4 square kilometers

About 8 square kilometers

There is no indicator for overall site area per person

Yes, that’s true, see page 216 – @ 45m2 / person


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13. Several NGOs and UN agencies have been carrying out assessments and programming missions to Salt Island. The Sphere materials and approach might benefit this activity in which of the following ways?

Improved coordination through shared standards

Requiring inter-agency and multi-sectoral analysis

Helping relate particular groups’ needs to unique standards of service as dictated by organizational mandates (refugees, children, women, elderly, for example)

Providing checklists for initial assessments


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See page 275 – measles is bad!

14. A measles outbreak has been reported in the newly established camp at Salt Island. Which of these indicators apply?

At least 95% of children 6 months to 15 years old receive a dose of measles vaccine

Newcomers are vaccinated systematically

At least 95% of children from 6 months to 59 months receive a dose of vitamin A

Initiation of outbreak investigation occurs within 24 hours of notification


Slide43 l.jpg

15. Health programs are beginning for the population at Salt Island. Several new NGOs are undertaking these tasks. Which indicators below might apply to the organization of these programs.

Representatives of the Ministry of Health lead the health sector response whenever possible

Regular health sector coordination meetings are held for local and external partners at both central and field levels

Women and men from the disaster-affected, and wider local population are consulted, and are involved in decision-making ...


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How well did you really do?

By the end of this week, you will know all of this and more.


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