Greek Mythology, Epic Poetry, And The Odyssey. Greek Mythology. Mythology is the study of myths Myths are stories involving gods, goddesses, and heroes. Why did myths begin?. To entertain To explain natural phenomena To explain the relationship of god to man To teach lessons and morals.
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Greek Mythology, Epic Poetry,
Why did myths begin?
The Odyssey is an epic poem based on Greek mythology
What is an Epic Poem?
A long narrative poem about a national or legendary hero.
The world was formed from a great mass called Chaos.
Out from Chaos came Gaea, the earth Goddess.
She gave birth to a son, Uranus, and together they had six children. Three 50 headed & 100-handed giants and three one-eyed Cyclopes.
Uranus hated these children and sent them to the underworld.
On their second try, Uranus and Gaea produced seven Titans: CLYMENE HYPERION CRONUS
Gaea, however, was still upset that Uranus banished their other children.
She told the Titans what Uranus had done and asked them to seek revenge.
Cronus (their son) did seek revenge by castrating Uranus, and becoming the new ruler.
But, when he saw the other children, he agreed they were too ugly to allow out of the underworld.
Cronus married Rhea.
They had five children, but since Gaea had warned him that one of his kids would overthrow him, Cronus swallowed his own children.
Rhea was tired of this, so she hid the sixth child, Zeus, in Crete.
When Cronus asked for the child, Rhea wrapped a rock in clothes and Cronus swallowed it.
Clio = history
Urania = astronomy
Melpomene = tragedy
Thalia = comedy
Terpsichore = dance
Calliope = epic poetry
Erato = love poetry
Polyhymnia = songs
Euterpe = lyric poetry
So, how long has Odysseus been away from home?
Island of Helios
(Stranded about 1 month-crew ate cattle)
Land of the Lotus Eaters
Calypso keeps O for 7 years
Fights in the Trojan War
Island of Aeolus
Zeus destroys ship. O fights Charybdis alone
Land of the Laestrygonians (cannibals)
Island of Cicone
Land of the Cyclopes
Lured by Sirens, trouble at sea against Scylla and Charybdis
O washes ashore at Phaeacia-
Of taking notes, anyway.