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Absolutism –France 16.2. Religious Wars. 1560-1590s Huguenots v. Catholics Culmination – St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre. St. Bart’s Day massacre 1589 becomes King and converts. “Paris is well worth a mass” -Becomes Henry IV Edict of Nantes(1598). Henry of Navarre.

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Absolutism –France 16.2

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Absolutism france 16 2

Absolutism –France16.2

Religious wars

Religious Wars

  • 1560-1590s

  • Huguenots v. Catholics

  • Culmination – St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

Henry of navarre

St. Bart’s Day massacre

1589 becomes King and converts. “Paris is well worth a mass”

-Becomes Henry IV

Edict of Nantes(1598)

Henry of Navarre

A chicken in every pot p 511

“A chicken in every pot”p.511

  • Growing absolutism

  • Increase of government in lives of citizens

  • Reduced influence of nobles

Louis xiii

Louis XIII

  • Henry IV assassinated (1610)

  • 9 Year old Louis XIII takes throne

  • Nobles begin to take power back

Richelieu p 511

Louis XIII is weak so installs Cardinal Richelieu as minister 1624.

Looked to gain absolute rule, how?

Persecute Huguenots

Nobles castles/spies

War w/ Hapsburgs

Installed Cardinal Mazarin as successor

Richelieu p. 511

Rise of the sun king

Rise of the Sun King

  • Louis XIV and the Fronde

    -violentprotest of royal power by merchants, nobles and peasants

  • Mazarin died 1661

  • Great Grandson of Philip II – follower of Divine Right

  • Followed Heliocentric view of himself

    (what does that mean?)

  • “L’etat, c’estmoi”

  • Ignored Estates General (had not met since 1614)

Louis xiv 1643

Louis XIV (1643)

  • Mazarin disliked by nobles=Louis’ distrust as child. Rebellion a failure, led people to believe that a King is better than violence.

  • At 23 is King. Immediately goes about gaining absolute power. How?

    • Intendants (expanded bureaucracy)

    • Excluding nobles



  • Crises of 16th Century led to want for stability/ safety  Absolutism.

    • Ruler has total power, divine right usually, all decisions rested with them. Different than America how?

    • Who in Europe would have disagreed/disliked this movement towards absolutism? Why? Ex?

Absolutism france 16 2

  • Louis XIV led the charge. “I order you not to sign anything, not even a passport without my command; to render account to me personally each day and to favor no one.”

The sun king

His control of nobility was complete


Court lifestyle

“I am the state”

The Sun King

France s finances p 512

France’s Financesp. 512

  • Jean-Baptiste Colbert (mercantilism)

  • Encouraged basic industries

  • High Tariffs on imports

  • Growing colonialism – regulated trade

  • France became wealthiest in Europe



  • 2,000 Rooms

  • Over 500 yards long

  • Over $2.5 billion to build, 36,000 laborers

  • Showed absolute power

    • Nobles moved there

    • Silenced nobility and took control of policy, taxes, and Church.

    • “Every time I appoint someone to a vacant position, I make a hundred unhappy and one ungrateful.” -Louis

Legacy of louis

Legacy of Louis

  • Expanded French borders by war.

    • Voltaire on Louis XIV[It is certain that he passionately wanted glory, rather than the conquests themselves. In the acquisition of Alsace and half of Flanders, and of all of Franche-Comté, what he really liked was the name he made for himself].

  • Died with France in major debt

Louis shortcomings

Louis’ Shortcomings

  • France had most powerful army in Europe.

  • War of Spanish Succession led to Treaty of Utrecht gave power to England and Hapsburgs.

  • Incredible debt at death.



  • 1). What is an absolute ruler and what enabled them to come about?

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