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Absolutism –France 16.2. Religious Wars. 1560-1590s Huguenots v. Catholics Culmination – St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre. St. Bart’s Day massacre 1589 becomes King and converts. “Paris is well worth a mass” -Becomes Henry IV Edict of Nantes(1598). Henry of Navarre.

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religious wars
Religious Wars
  • 1560-1590s
  • Huguenots v. Catholics
  • Culmination – St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre
henry of navarre
St. Bart’s Day massacre

1589 becomes King and converts. “Paris is well worth a mass”

-Becomes Henry IV

Edict of Nantes(1598)

Henry of Navarre
a chicken in every pot p 511
“A chicken in every pot”p.511
  • Growing absolutism
  • Increase of government in lives of citizens
  • Reduced influence of nobles
louis xiii
Louis XIII
  • Henry IV assassinated (1610)
  • 9 Year old Louis XIII takes throne
  • Nobles begin to take power back
richelieu p 511
Louis XIII is weak so installs Cardinal Richelieu as minister 1624.

Looked to gain absolute rule, how?

Persecute Huguenots

Nobles castles/spies

War w/ Hapsburgs

Installed Cardinal Mazarin as successor

Richelieu p. 511
rise of the sun king
Rise of the Sun King
  • Louis XIV and the Fronde

-violentprotest of royal power by merchants, nobles and peasants

  • Mazarin died 1661
  • Great Grandson of Philip II – follower of Divine Right
  • Followed Heliocentric view of himself

(what does that mean?)

  • “L’etat, c’estmoi”
  • Ignored Estates General (had not met since 1614)
louis xiv 1643
Louis XIV (1643)
  • Mazarin disliked by nobles=Louis’ distrust as child. Rebellion a failure, led people to believe that a King is better than violence.
  • At 23 is King. Immediately goes about gaining absolute power. How?
    • Intendants (expanded bureaucracy)
    • Excluding nobles
absolutism
Absolutism
  • Crises of 16th Century led to want for stability/ safety  Absolutism.
    • Ruler has total power, divine right usually, all decisions rested with them. Different than America how?
    • Who in Europe would have disagreed/disliked this movement towards absolutism? Why? Ex?
slide10

Louis XIV led the charge. “I order you not to sign anything, not even a passport without my command; to render account to me personally each day and to favor no one.”

the sun king
His control of nobility was complete

Arts/entertainment

Court lifestyle

“I am the state”

The Sun King
france s finances p 512
France’s Financesp. 512
  • Jean-Baptiste Colbert (mercantilism)
  • Encouraged basic industries
  • High Tariffs on imports
  • Growing colonialism – regulated trade
  • France became wealthiest in Europe
versailles
Versailles
  • 2,000 Rooms
  • Over 500 yards long
  • Over $2.5 billion to build, 36,000 laborers
  • Showed absolute power
    • Nobles moved there
    • Silenced nobility and took control of policy, taxes, and Church.
    • “Every time I appoint someone to a vacant position, I make a hundred unhappy and one ungrateful.” -Louis
legacy of louis
Legacy of Louis
  • Expanded French borders by war.
    • Voltaire on Louis XIV[It is certain that he passionately wanted glory, rather than the conquests themselves. In the acquisition of Alsace and half of Flanders, and of all of Franche-Comté, what he really liked was the name he made for himself].
  • Died with France in major debt
louis shortcomings
Louis’ Shortcomings
  • France had most powerful army in Europe.
  • War of Spanish Succession led to Treaty of Utrecht gave power to England and Hapsburgs.
  • Incredible debt at death.
drill
Drill
  • 1). What is an absolute ruler and what enabled them to come about?
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