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Absolutism –France 16.2. Religious Wars. 1560-1590s Huguenots v. Catholics Culmination – St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre. St. Bart’s Day massacre 1589 becomes King and converts. “Paris is well worth a mass” -Becomes Henry IV Edict of Nantes(1598). Henry of Navarre.

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Absolutism –France 16.2

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Absolutism france 16 2

Absolutism –France16.2


Religious wars

Religious Wars

  • 1560-1590s

  • Huguenots v. Catholics

  • Culmination – St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre


Henry of navarre

St. Bart’s Day massacre

1589 becomes King and converts. “Paris is well worth a mass”

-Becomes Henry IV

Edict of Nantes(1598)

Henry of Navarre


A chicken in every pot p 511

“A chicken in every pot”p.511

  • Growing absolutism

  • Increase of government in lives of citizens

  • Reduced influence of nobles


Louis xiii

Louis XIII

  • Henry IV assassinated (1610)

  • 9 Year old Louis XIII takes throne

  • Nobles begin to take power back


Richelieu p 511

Louis XIII is weak so installs Cardinal Richelieu as minister 1624.

Looked to gain absolute rule, how?

Persecute Huguenots

Nobles castles/spies

War w/ Hapsburgs

Installed Cardinal Mazarin as successor

Richelieu p. 511


Rise of the sun king

Rise of the Sun King

  • Louis XIV and the Fronde

    -violentprotest of royal power by merchants, nobles and peasants

  • Mazarin died 1661

  • Great Grandson of Philip II – follower of Divine Right

  • Followed Heliocentric view of himself

    (what does that mean?)

  • “L’etat, c’estmoi”

  • Ignored Estates General (had not met since 1614)


Louis xiv 1643

Louis XIV (1643)

  • Mazarin disliked by nobles=Louis’ distrust as child. Rebellion a failure, led people to believe that a King is better than violence.

  • At 23 is King. Immediately goes about gaining absolute power. How?

    • Intendants (expanded bureaucracy)

    • Excluding nobles


Absolutism

Absolutism

  • Crises of 16th Century led to want for stability/ safety  Absolutism.

    • Ruler has total power, divine right usually, all decisions rested with them. Different than America how?

    • Who in Europe would have disagreed/disliked this movement towards absolutism? Why? Ex?


Absolutism france 16 2

  • Louis XIV led the charge. “I order you not to sign anything, not even a passport without my command; to render account to me personally each day and to favor no one.”


The sun king

His control of nobility was complete

Arts/entertainment

Court lifestyle

“I am the state”

The Sun King


France s finances p 512

France’s Financesp. 512

  • Jean-Baptiste Colbert (mercantilism)

  • Encouraged basic industries

  • High Tariffs on imports

  • Growing colonialism – regulated trade

  • France became wealthiest in Europe


Versailles

Versailles

  • 2,000 Rooms

  • Over 500 yards long

  • Over $2.5 billion to build, 36,000 laborers

  • Showed absolute power

    • Nobles moved there

    • Silenced nobility and took control of policy, taxes, and Church.

    • “Every time I appoint someone to a vacant position, I make a hundred unhappy and one ungrateful.” -Louis


Legacy of louis

Legacy of Louis

  • Expanded French borders by war.

    • Voltaire on Louis XIV[It is certain that he passionately wanted glory, rather than the conquests themselves. In the acquisition of Alsace and half of Flanders, and of all of Franche-Comté, what he really liked was the name he made for himself].

  • Died with France in major debt


Louis shortcomings

Louis’ Shortcomings

  • France had most powerful army in Europe.

  • War of Spanish Succession led to Treaty of Utrecht gave power to England and Hapsburgs.

  • Incredible debt at death.


Drill

Drill

  • 1). What is an absolute ruler and what enabled them to come about?


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