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Chapter 8 1.2. Political Geography. Study of the political organization of the world. Political geographers study the spatial manifestations of political process at various scales ( Fouberg et al., 2009)

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Chapter 8 1.2

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Chapter 8 1.2

Political Geography

  • Study of the political organization of the world. Political geographers study the spatial manifestations of political process at various scales (Fouberg et al., 2009)

  • The study of the organization and distribution of political phenomena in their areal expression (Getis et al., 2008).

  • Many scales, world, regional, state, county, city, etc.

What Makes Mexico Mexicoand The U.S. The U.S.?

  • Territoriality

    • Robert Sack’s version: “the attempt by an individual or group to affect, influence, or control people, phenomena, and relationships, by delimiting and asserting control over a geographic area” (Fouberget al., 2009).

    • Typically a historical reason (U.S./Mexico War).

    • Typically either an external government or an internal government.

    • Guns, strength, and money often win.

What Makes Mexico Mexico and The U.S. The U.S.? (cont.)

  • Sovereignty

    • “Means having the last say over a territory-politically and militarily” (Fouberg et al., 2009).

    • Having control or authority, the last say, over a territory.

    • Recognition is key.

      • By other sovereign nations.

        Mexico is recognized as a sovereign nation, the U.S. is recognized as a sovereign nation. As a sovereign nation it has control and the last say within its geographic region.

Where did the geographic region come from?

  • About 400 years ago, Spain was defined as the area with Spanish speaking individuals, England with English, etc.

  • Religion might serve as an identifier of regions.

  • The emergence of mercantilism changed boundaries and sought to make them more defined.

Mercantilism Explainedby someone other than me:(3:52)

  • Only watched until (3:52) into it:

My precious…

  • Peace of Westphalia

    • “Negotiated in 1648 among the princes of the states making up the Holy Roman Empire, as well as a few neighboring states” (Fouberg, 2009).

    • Holy Roman Emperor (Ferdinand III), Spain, France, Swedish Empire, Dutch Republic, various princes within Holy Roman Empire, multiple cities present that acted like independent nations.

    • The Empire of Rome became smaller states.

    • Sovereignty emerged, meaning that it was agreed upon that states were to stay clear of one another’s internal business.

    • Westphalian system clearly outlined territories of why one area is different from another area.

      • Who had control over what resources.

Treaty of Westphalia

  • Errors in video:

    • England was not present.

    • Luxemburg was not divided up.

    • Point is to talk about arbitrarily drawing up boundaries and the stewards comments regarding people being ignored.


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