Chapter 1 introduction to chemistry
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Chapter 1 Introduction to Chemistry. What is Chemistry Scientific Method Chemistry Strategies. What is a Chemist?. A chemist studies matter on the atomic and molecular levels in order to understand how elements join together to form different substances.

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Chapter 1 Introduction to Chemistry

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Chapter 1 introduction to chemistry

Chapter 1 Introduction to Chemistry

What is Chemistry

Scientific Method

Chemistry Strategies


What is a chemist

What is a Chemist?

  • A chemist studies matter on the atomic and molecular levels in order to understand how elements join together to form different substances.

  • A chemist also measures proportions, reaction rates, and various other properties of substances in order to understand more about those substances.

  • Interesting Note: The term "chemist" internationally should not be confused with the British meaning of the term, which refers to what a person in the United States would call a pharmacist.


5 areas of chemistry

5 Areas of Chemistry

  • Organic chemistry – Carbon containing compounds

  • Inorganic chemistry – Non carbon compounds or carbon metallic compounds

  • Physical chemistry – Physical and thermodynamic properties of matter

  • Analytical chemistry – qualitative and quantitative analysis of chemicals

  • Bio chemistry – Chemistry applied to life systems


What are chemicals any substance with definite composition are they good or bad

Good

Prescription drugs

Pesticides

Herbicides

New Materials

Caffeine

Bad

Environmental Pollution

Poisons

Unintended consequences

What are Chemicals?Any substance with definite composition.Are they Good or Bad?


A brief history of scientific inquiry

A Brief History of Scientific Inquiry


Aristotle 384 bc

Aristotle (384 BC)

  • Aristotle, more than any other thinker, determined the orientation and the content of Western intellectual history.

  • He was the author of a philosophical and scientific system that through the centuries became embedded in Western thinking.


Aristotle

Aristotle

  • In other words, Aristotle was so famous that his work influenced thinking in the Western world from his time to the present.

  • This was fine when he was right. But he was so influential that his mistakes were never noticed.


Aristotle1

Aristotle

  • Aristotle and his contemporaries believed that all problems could be solved by thinking about them.

  • The idea of Verification through doing an experiment was not done until nearly two thousand years later.


Galileo early 1600 s

Galileo (early 1600’s)

  • Considered to be one of the first true scientists.

  • Carried out logical experiments to test old and new ideas

  • Ran afoul of the main power in Europe and ended his life in house imprisonment.


Robert boyle late 1600 s

Robert Boyle (late 1600’s)

  • Robert Boyle is considered to be the father of the scientific method of inquiry.

  • His new philosophy included new methods of experimental science, in which scientists sought to prove or disprove hypotheses through careful experiments.


John dalton 1700 s

John Dalton (1700’s)

  • Father of Modern Chemistry

  • Atomic Theory

  • Theory of Gases

  • Molecular Weights

  • Elements and Compounds

  • Analytical techniques to carry out research


The scientific process

The Scientific Process


Scientific method

Scientific Method

  • Problem

  • Observations

  • Hypothesis

  • Experiment

  • Data Analysis

  • Conclusion

  • Retest

  • Publish


Problem

Problem

  • A problem is a question based upon observations.


Observations

Observations

  • Find out as much Information about the problem as possible.


Hypothesis

Hypothesis

  • A suggested solution to the problem.

  • If…Then…


Experiment

Experiment

A procedure to test the hypothesis.

  • Control – experiment without the variable

  • Variable – factor being tested


Record and analyze data

Record and Analyze Data

Do the results of the experiment verify our hypothesis?


Make a conclusion

Make a Conclusion

  • The answer to the hypothesis. Either a confirmation or modification is necessary.


Publish and retest

Publish and Retest

In order to verify the results, experiments must be retested by other scientists.


Cold fusion introduction

Cold Fusion Introduction


Cold fusion derailed

Cold Fusion Derailed


Homework due tomorrow

Homework (due tomorrow)

  • Terms Chapter 1 – Write term and definition in a complete sentence(s).

  • Pg 19, 20 [2, 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 14]

  • Did your parents do the survey????


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