Super fantastic grammar day
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Super Fantastic Grammar Day!. Six sentence errors you need to know. If I see one in your summative, I am going to lose it!. Comma Splice. Easiest to recognize, yet most common sentence error: just look for commas in your work. Comma splices join two complete sentences with a comma.

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Super Fantastic Grammar Day!

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Super fantastic grammar day

Super Fantastic Grammar Day!

Six sentence errors you need to know. If I see one in your summative, I am going to lose it!


Comma splice

Comma Splice

  • Easiest to recognize, yet most common sentence error: just look for commas in your work.

  • Comma splices join two complete sentences with a comma.

  • How do we know we have a comma splice?

  • Joey went to the grocery store, he needed to buy eggs for supper.

    • This sentence is incorrect because “Joey went to the grocery store” and “he needed to buy eggs for supper” are both complete sentences.


Comma splice1

Comma Splice

  • How do we rehabilitate comma splice outlaws?

  • There are three main methods of fixing comma splices:

    1. We can separate them into two sentences by replacing the comma with a period.

    • Joey went to the grocery store. He needed to buy eggs for supper.


Comma splice2

Comma Splice

2. We can replace the comma with a semi-colon.

  • Joey went to the grocery store; he needed to buy eggs for supper.

    * You can only use a semi-colon when both complete sentences are related. The following is incorrect: Joey went to the grocery store; his dog is named Josh.

    A semicolon is a relative of the period NOT the comma!


Comma splice3

Comma Splice

3. We can replace the comma with a conjunction

- Joey went to the store because he needed to buy eggs for supper.

  • Now never make a comma splice error ever again! PROMISE? Say you promise!


Run on sentence

Run On Sentence

  • Run-on sentences join two or more complete sentences with no punctuation.

  • How do we know we have a run-on sentence?

  • Michaela loves to draw horses she is a talented artist.

    • This sentence is incorrect because “Michaela loves to draw horses” and “she is a talented artist” can both stand as complete sentences.


Run on sentences

Run On Sentences

  • How do we rehabilitate run on outlaws?

  • There are three main methods of fixing them:

    • Add a period

    • Add a semicolon

    • Add a conjunction


Run on sentences1

Run On Sentences

  • Michaela loves to draw horses she is a talented artist.

    • Michaela loves to draw horses. She is a talented artist.

    • Michaela loves to draw horses; she is a talented artist.

    • Michaela loves to draw horses, as she is a talented artist.


Sentence fragment

Sentence Fragment

  • There are two parts to every sentence: a subject and a predicate.

  • The subject is who or what the sentence is about.

  • The predicate is the verb or action

  • Example: The girl with the red hair is eating an apple.

    • Subject: The girl with the red hair

    • Predicate: is eating an apple.


Sentence fragment1

Sentence Fragment

  • A sentence fragment is when you leave out the subject or the predicate.

  • Sentence fragments are easy to identify when reading your work out loud; they just don’t sound right.


Sentence fragment2

Sentence Fragment

  • Examples:

    • Tom and Cindy, who went to the movie.

    • Because she went downstairs.

    • While she did the laundry.

    • When the principal announced the assembly.

    • Because the movie was too scary.

    • Since we cleaned our room.

    • Megan and Christy, amateur detectives.


Subject verb agreement

Subject/Verb Agreement

  • Steps for avoiding subject-verb embarrassment:

    • Find the main verb

    • Find the subject of the verb

    • Is the subject singular or plural?

    • If your subject is singular, match it with the correct verb. If your subject is plural, match them with the correct verb.


Subject verb agreement1

Subject/Verb Agreement

Rules for subject-verb agreement:

  • Subjects connected by and are plural: Bob and Henry are here.

  • Certain expressions (as well as, including, together with, with, etc.) logically seem to change a singular subject to plural. They don’t. These expressions will be set off from the subject by commas.

    • Bob, along with Dianne and Henry¸ is going on vacation.

    • Henry, as well as Bob, plans to vacation in his living room.


Subject verb agreement2

Subject/Verb Agreement

  • Singular subjects connected by a conjunction such as either-or, neither-nor, nor stay singular: Neither Bob nor Henry is able to get up from the couch.

  • If a singular and plural subject are connected by either- or, neither-nor, or, nor the verb should agree with the subject closer to it.

    • Neither Bob nor the otherswere able to get off the couch.

    • Neither the others nor Bob is able to get off the couch.


Subject verb agreement3

Subject/Verb Agreement

  • Collective nouns such as family, committee, jury, crowd, and group are almost always singular. “People” is an example of a collective noun that is plural.

  • Numbers that represent a single unit are singular.

    • A million dollars is a lot of money to keep under your mattress

    • Ten years is a long time to be without work


Faulty verb tense

Faulty Verb Tense

All I have to say about this is:

USE PRESENT TENSE IN YOUR ESSAY!

Unless you are talking about Golding, because he is dead and therefore past tense.


Misplaced modifier

Misplaced Modifier

  • These ones make me laugh because they are so ridiculous:

  • The native woman was carrying a heavy jar on her head which was filled with water.

  • I left the house just as the sun rose and went fishing.

  • I have read the diary that my sister wrote many times.

  • He struck the goldfish bowl with his head which was fortunately empty.

  • A silk umbrella was lost by a wealthy gentleman with a carved head.


Commas

Commas

  • You are comma abusers!

  • Put commas where, if you were reading something out loud, you would have a natural pause.

  • With conjunctions, you need a comma if both sides of the conjunction can stand alone.

    • EXAMPLE: I bought a CD player, and we listened to Carla’s CD’s.

    • EXAMPLE: I bought a CD player and listened to Carla’s CD’s.


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