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Geothermal Potential in Europe. ...as seen by us in Enex, by:Lárus Elíasson, CEO. Enex. Owned by GGE and REI Active in: Germany, Wolfratshausen/Munchen Hungary Slovakia ... USA Los Angeles China Beijing. Geothermal is:. Stable Secure Base load Infrastructure

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Geothermal potential in europe

Geothermal Potential in Europe

...as seen by us in Enex,

by:Lárus Elíasson, CEO....


Enex

  • Owned by GGE and REI

  • Active in:

    • Germany, Wolfratshausen/Munchen

    • Hungary

    • Slovakia

    • ...

    • USALos Angeles

    • ChinaBeijing


Geothermal is
Geothermal is:

  • Stable

  • Secure

  • Base load

  • Infrastructure

  • Economical size of source is depend on the energy price


Geothermal can serve
Geothermal can serve:

  • 1,2% of EU-27 total energy consumption

  • 1% from EU-27 power consumption

  • 1,5% of EU/EEA-33 total energy consumption

  • 2,7% of EU/EEA-33 power consumption


Depending on energy prices
Depending on energy prices

  • Energy cost related to Gas and Oil

  • Oil currently $100/barrel crude

  • Higher energy prices will stimulate both direct use and power generation

  • Relationship likely power of 2


Direct use
Direct use

  • Critical factor is distance from user to source

  • Geothermal as base load, peak with fossil or biomass

  • Very stable and secure once installed

  • Banelogy and other uses also considered but mainly district heating


Renewable rank
Renewable rank:

  • Hydro large scale

  • Wind onshore

  • Wind offshore

  • Biomass

  • (Hydro)Geothermal

  • Biogas

  • Biowaste

  • Small scale hydro

  • Solar

  • Tidal etc.


Most impact mwel
Most impactMWel

  • Iceland 3.000

  • Italy 1.000

  • Turkey 740

  • Greece 450

  • Hungary 380

  • Germany 200

  • Portugal 200

  • Portugal 200

  • Bulgaria 200


Most impact twh
Most impactTWh

  • Germany 40

  • Poland 35

  • Iceland 25

  • Turkey 25

  • Slovakia 15

  • Hungary 15

  • Austria 8

  • Rumania 8

  • Netherlands 8


afr

  • asdgf


Most impact of total energy
Most impact% of total energy

  • Iceland >50%

  • Hungary 10%

  • Slovakia 7%

  • Rumania 6%

  • Poland 5%

  • Bulgaria 5%

  • Turkey 5%

  • Slovenia 4%

  • Greece 3%

  • Austria 3%

  • Germany 2%


asfd

  • asd well


Data

  • From various published sources plus our own research

  • These are preliminary results

  • Our study to be published this summer most likely at the EGC 2008 conference


Assumptions
Assumptions

  • Only hydrothermal included

  • Hot dry rock or enhanced geothermic utilization not included.

  • Heat pumps not included

    THANK YOU!


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