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Ethical Issues. Carolyn R. Fallahi, Ph. D. Laws: All U.S. states have laws regulating contact between psychologists and their patients. Prohibiting sexual contact Regulating confidentiality Regulation from the federal government License. Ethical treatment of children.

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Ethical issues

Ethical Issues

Carolyn R. Fallahi, Ph. D.


Ethical treatment of children

Ethical treatment of children


Professional organizations

Professional organizations


Ethics

  • Ethics: a system of morals of a person or group (morals = distinguishing between right and wrong).

  • Ethical behavior: behavior that conforms to moral or professional standards of conduct.

  • Ethical standards: laws, rules, or guidelines designed to ensure ethical behavior.

  • The role of culture.

Ethics


Ethical behavior

Ethical behavior


Our sad history of doing research on children

  • In the 1800s, several studies involving institutionalized children.

  • In 1896, a study was published in which 29 healthy children were each given a spinal tap to see if this could be done safely.

  • Tuskegee Study

  • Willowbrook School issue

  • The movement towards providing ethical interactions with children.

Our sad history of doing research on children


Principles for the ethical treatment of people involved in research or therapy

Principles for the ethical treatment of people involved in research or therapy.


Autonomy

Autonomy


Basic issues informed consent

Basic Issues: Informed Consent



Research

Research


Therapy

Therapy


Beneficence and nonmaleficence

  • Beneficence: expectation that research and therapy will provide some benefit to those who participate.

  • Nonmaleficence: expectation that no harm will be done to a participant in research or therapy or that any harm will be minimized.

  • What if the risks are more than minimal?

  • In therapy with a family, who receives the benefit?

Beneficence and Nonmaleficence


Confidentiality

  • Confidentiality: conversations between a patient and therapist remain confidential – they are not revealed to anyone without the patient’s permission. This is seen as the cornerstone of therapy.

  • Exceptions: suicide, homicide, child maltreatment (physical/sexual abuse)

  • Do children have the same rights as adults?

Confidentiality


Institutional review board

  • The IRB therapist remain confidential – they are not revealed to anyone without the patient’s permission. This is seen as the cornerstone of therapy.

    • Scientists familiar with research

    • Lawyers

Institutional Review Board


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