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Essential Question. How did the Germans & Scots-Irish influence the early development of the United States?. The Germans & Scots-Irish. Ch 4 Secs 3&4. The Germans Arrive. Many different ethnic groups arrived & settled in Middle Colony port cities

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Essential question
Essential Question

  • How did the Germans & Scots-Irish influence the early development of the United States?

The germans arrive
The Germans Arrive

  • Many different ethnic groups arrived & settled in Middle Colony port cities

    • One of the largest groups was German Protestants

      • They came in large #’s btwn 1710 & 1740, mostly as indentured servants, often fleeing religious intolerance

      • PA was particularly attractive b/c the state did not tax its residents to fund a particular denomination, or distinct religious group

    • Like the Puritans, Germans arrived in large family groups

      • They tended to settle together in distinct communities

      • Many moved to PA’s western frontier, where land was cheap

German influence
German Influence

  • Famous for farming skills, Germans soon exerted massive influence on the MC

    • Besides being superior farmers, Germans also brought a tradition of skilled craftsmanship as:

      • Gunsmiths

      • Ironworkers

      • Glassmakers

      • Furniture crafters

    • Germans also built a transportation device that would effect the future of America

      • Germans used the Conestoga Wagon to carry goods back and forth to market

        • The wagon was well-built and suitable for America’s dirt roads

        • Later in American History, this wagon was used extensively by Americans traveling westward to settle in Oregon & California

The backcountry
The “Backcountry”

  • The backcountry extended through the western part of the Appalachian Mtns.

    • It was a region of dense forests & rushing streams

    • The region extended from E. Canada south to AL

  • In the south, the Backcountry was defined by a two geographic areas

    • 1. Fall Line – area where waterfalls prevented

      large boats from moving upriver

    • 2. Piedmont – Large plateau that lies btwn the fall

      line & the base of the Appalachians

  • The 1st settlers arrived to trade w/ Natives

    • Conflict soon arose w/ the Natives over land

    • As a result, the backcountry gained a reputation as:

      • Wild & constantly in conflict

      • Full of independent, violent, & anti-govt settlers

The scots irish
The Scots-Irish

  • In the 1700’s, the Backcountry saw an influx of immigrants known as the Scots-Irish

    • This group came from the borderlands of Scotland & England

      • Most were Protestants, who had often lived for a time in northern Ireland (i.e. “Scots-Irish”)

      • Many S-I immigrated to America to avoid persecution & their region’s constant warfare

        • Living under such circumstances, though, gave the S-I the survival skills necessary to thrive in the Backcountry

        • They immigrated in large family groups known as clans

          • Clans were often loosely affiliated, but fiercely loyal when danger threatened