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The Home Front. Chapter 25 Section 4 Page 796. Economic Gains. The war years were good ones for working people. As defense industries boomed, unemployment fell to a low 1.2% in 1944. Farmers also prospered. Benefited from improvements in farm machinery & fertilizers.

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The home front l.jpg

The Home Front

Chapter 25 Section 4

Page 796

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Economic Gains

  • The war years were good ones for working people.

    • As defense industries boomed, unemployment fell to a low 1.2% in 1944.

  • Farmers also prospered.

    • Benefited from improvements in farm machinery & fertilizers.

    • Reaped the profits from rising crop prices.

    • Crop production increased by 50%.

  • Women also enjoyed employment gains.

    • Many of them lost their jobs after the war.

    • 6 million women entered the workplace.

    • Many women also took advantage of openings in journalism & other professions.

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Population Shifts

  • In addition to revamping the economy, the war triggered one of the greatest mass migrations in American history.

  • People uprooted themselves to seek work elsewhere.

  • More than a million newcomers poured into CA b/w 1941-1944.

  • Towns w/ defense industries saw their populations doubled.

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Social Adjustments

  • Mothers struggled to rear their children alone.

    • Young children got used to being left alone w/ neighbors, relatives, or child care centers as mothers went back to work.

    • Teenagers left at home w/o parents sometimes drifted into juvenile delinquency.

    • when fathers came home they had to get to know their families again.

  • Couples rushed to get married before soldiers & sailors went off to war.

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Social Adjustments

  • To help ease the transition of returning servicemen to civilian life, Congress passed the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act also known as the GI Bill of Rights.

    • Provided education & training for veterans.

    • Over half of the returning soldiers attended colleges & technical schools under the GI Bill.

    • Also provided a federal loan program for veterans buying a house or starting a business.

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Civil Rights Protests

  • African Americans made some progress on the home front.

  • Thousands of African Americans left the South to move to the Midwest.

  • Discrimination presented tough hurdles.

  • James Farmer founded an interracial organization called Congress of Racial Equality.

  • Goal of CORE was to confront urban segregation in the North.

  • Tensions rose as African Americans moved north.

  • 1943, a tidal wave of racial violence swept across the country.

  • Worst conflict erupted in Detroit in June.

    • 34 people lay died after racial riots endured.

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Tension in Las Angeles

  • Mexican Americans also experienced racial tensions.

  • 1943 was a violent summer in LA.

  • Riots began & lasted for over a week.

  • Resulted in the beatings of over a hundred people.

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Internment of Japanese Americans

  • WWII produced tragic results for Japanese Americans.

  • 120,000 Japanese Americans lived in the U.S.

  • Most of them were citizens living on the west coast.

  • After the attack on Pearl Harbor, citizens feared that the Japanese would attack the U.S.

  • People believed false rumors that Japanese Americans were committing sabotage.

  • Fear & uncertainty caused a wave of prejudice against Japanese Americans.

  • 1942, the War Department called for the mass evacuation of all Japanese Americans from Hawaii.

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Internment of Japanese Americans

  • Finish reading page 800 on Japanese American Internemtn.

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Answer the following questions

  • How did the war affect American workers?

  • How did the growth of the defense industry affect American population patterns?

  • How did wartime activities affect families?

  • How were African Americans treated at home and in the military?

  • How did Americans react to progress in acceptance of African Americans?

  • Why were Japanese Americans placed in internment camps?

  • How were Japanese Americans compensated for internment?