Intellectual disability or mental retardation
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 16

Intellectual Disability or Mental Retardation PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 156 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Intellectual Disability or Mental Retardation. KNR 270. DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES. Intellectual disability (Mental retardation) Cerebral palsy Epilepsy Autism. Intellectual Disability. More frequently used outside US Increasing use in US

Download Presentation

Intellectual Disability or Mental Retardation

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Intellectual disability or mental retardation

Intellectual Disability or Mental Retardation

KNR 270


Developmental disabilities

DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES

  • Intellectual disability

    • (Mental retardation)

  • Cerebral palsy

  • Epilepsy

  • Autism


  • Intellectual disability

    Intellectual Disability

    • More frequently used outside US

    • Increasing use in US

      • AAMR (American Association on Mental Retardation) is now AAIDD (American Association on Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities)

      • 1/2007

    • 7-8 million in US

    • 1% of total population

    • 1/10 families impacted

      • U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Service

  • Other sources: 3% of total population

    • Carter, Van Andel, & Robb, 2003


  • Mental retardation definition

    MENTAL RETARDATION DEFINITION

    • Significantly subaverage intellectual function

    • Concurrent with limitations in adaptive skills

      • 2 or more

    • Manifested before 18

    • Person/environment interaction

      • Similar definition APA in DSM-TR IV & AAMR


    Adaptive skills

    Communication

    Home living

    Using community resources

    Work

    Free time

    Academic achievement

    Self-care

    Self-direction

    Social & interpersonal skills

    Health

    Safety

    Adaptive Skills


    Mental retardation old functional levels

    MENTAL RETARDATION (old)Functional Levels

    • %AAMREDUCATORS

    • 89%55-70 mild50-75 educable (EMR)

    • 6%40-55 moderate

    • 3.5%25-40 severe25-50 trainable (TMR)

    • 1.5%0-25 profound0-25 profound


    Mental retardation new

    MENTAL RETARDATION (New)

    • Functional level

      • Mild

      • Moderate

    • Support level (resources/strategies)

      • Intermittent: As needed

      • Limited: Short time intervals

      • Extensive: Regular basis in some environments

      • Pervasive: Consistent


    Mental retardation

    Mental Retardation

    • Many causes

    • 3 major causes

      • Fetal alcohol syndrome

      • Down syndrome

      • Fragile X syndrome

    • 1/3 causes unknown

      • Prolonged labor

      • Low birth weight

      • Older mothers

      • Shaken baby syndrome


    Fetal alcohol syndrome

    Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

    • Caused by mother drinking

    • Mental & physical birth defects

    • Growth deficits

    • Central nervous system dysfunction

    • Behavioral maladjustments

      • Fetal Alcohol Effect is less severe set of same symptoms

        • www.jau.wvu.edu


    Fragile x syndrome

    Fragile X Syndrome

    • Hereditary

    • Range of severity

    • May have behavioral disorders

    • May have speech & language delays

    • Trouble processing sounds, sight, smell, sensations,

    • Do not like to be touched

    • More severe in males


    Down syndrome

    Down Syndrome

    • Genetic (extra genetic material from 21st chromosome)

    • Flaccid muscles / motor problems

    • Small fingers and hands /coordination problems

    • Large tongues & small mouth /language problems

    • Congenital heart defects (40-45%)

    • Lung problems

    • Obesity

    • Stubborn (central nervous system)


    Down syndrome1

    Down Syndrome

    • Hearing deficits (60-80%)

    • Premature aging

    • Early onset Alzheimer’s (age 40)

    • Atlantoaxial instability (10-20%)

      • Excessive movement in C1/C2 joint

      • Doctor’s clearance for SO/sports

      • Not involve in gymnastics, diving, butterfly swimming stroke, soccer, etc.


    Co existing conditions

    Co-Existing Conditions

    • Cerebral Palsy

    • Seizure Disorder

    • Vision Impairment

    • ADHD

    • More severe, more likely to have co-existing


    Suggestions for considerations accommodations

    Suggestions for Considerations/Accommodations?


    Considerations accommodations

    Considerations/Accommodations

    • Assess functional level

    • Small concrete steps (task analysis)

    • Allow more time to complete tasks

    • Repetition

    • Practice time

    • Modeling (Demonstrate vs. describe)

    • Age appropriate

      • Skills & staff interaction

      • No baby talk


    Considerations accommodations1

    Considerations/Accommodations

    • Have high expectations

    • May learn slowly

    • Teach to generalize skills to different environments

    • Routines

    • Praise

    • Facilitate social interaction & appropriate social behaviors

    • Encourage physical activity

    • Best Buddies

    • Others?????


  • Login