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Fabrics. Objective 1.02. Fabric Construction. Which is which? Nonwoven, woven, knit A. B. C. Woven Key Terms. Filling- crosswise yarns Weft- aka filling yarns Warp- yarns that run the length of the fabric. Woven Fabric Types. Plain- simplest of all weaves.

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Fabrics

Fabrics

Objective 1.02


Fabric construction
Fabric Construction

  • Which is which?

    • Nonwoven, woven, knit

      A. B. C.


Woven key terms
WovenKey Terms

  • Filling- crosswise yarns

  • Weft- aka filling yarns

  • Warp- yarns that run the length

    of the fabric.


Woven fabric types
Woven FabricTypes

  • Plain- simplest of all weaves.

    • Broadcloth, poplin, and gingham

  • Twill- Parallel, diagonal ridges on the fabric surface. Firm and heavy weave.

    • Denim, flannel, and gabardine

  • Satin- yarns that float on the surface to give it a luster of shine.

    • Used for blouses, eveningwear, and bed linens.

  • Leno- Warp yarns cross and twist between the filling yarns.

    • Use for open-weave curtains and draperies, thermal blankets, and netting.


Plain weave
Plain Weave

  • Broadcloth

  • Poplin

    Gingham


Twill weave
Twill Weave

  • Denim

  • Flannel

  • Gabardine


Leno weave
Leno Weave

Thermal Blankets

Netting


Knit key terms
KnitKey Terms

  • Knit- Have lengthwise and crosswise yarns.

    • Stretch more in the crosswise direction.

    • 2 basic knits are weft and warp

  • Purl- Same on both sides.

    • Stretch in both lengthwise and

      crosswise direction.

    • Used for sweaters.


Knit types
Knit Types

  • Single knit

  • Double knit

  • Ribbed knit

  • Stretch knit

  • Tricot knit

  • Raschel knit


Nonwoven key terms
NonwovenKey Terms

  • Felting- Matting wool or other

    fibers with moisture, heat,

    and pressure.

  • Interfacing- Joined or

    fused together with an

    adhesive or bonding agent.


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