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ERG/RSPG Joint Session Göteborg, Sweden ‘Spectrum Policy for the Many Possible Futures of Broadband in Europe’ February 27 2008. Martin Cave Warwick Business School, UK [email protected] The Issue is High Speed Broadband. Platform Endowments in Europe.

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ERG/RSPG Joint SessionGöteborg, Sweden‘Spectrum Policy for the Many Possible Futures of Broadband in Europe’February 27 2008

Martin Cave

Warwick Business School, UK

[email protected]

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platform endowments in europe
Platform Endowments in Europe

2F + W Upgraded cable system, ubiquitous DSL, 3G networks (30-40%)

F + W (Near) ubiquitous DSL, 3G (50-60%)

W Wireless only- 2G/3G (3-8%)

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what triggers nga investment
What Triggers NGA Investment?
  • Revenue loss to current competitors
  • Fear of pre-emption by rival NGA
  • Regulatory certainty (cf. Australian approach)
  • Prospect of adequate (non truncated) return

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key issue for regulators
Key Issue for Regulators

How many competitors are enough?

  • 2F + wireless (US generally, WBA in Malta)
  • ≥ 4 (Ofcom WBA notification)

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intermediate regulation in the absence of effective competition
Intermediate Regulation in the Absence of Effective Competition

Access with

  • higher cost of capital
  • pricing flexibility
  • limitations on capacity of mandated service (basic or ‘anchor’ product only)
  • limitations on PoI- but the ‘ladder’ may be broken.

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the role of wireless
The Role of Wireless

Uncertainty about future capabilities

Competitive platforms:

  • LTE (long term evolution)
  • WiMax
  • UMB (ultra mobile broadband)

Whether it is the only option or a competitive constraint, wireless opportunities must be maximised.

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making spectrum available on flexible basis
Making Spectrum Available on Flexible Basis
  • Minimum restrictions on existing assignments
  • Refarming regimes to minimise downtime
  • Licensing of additional spectrum as quickly as possible, without restrictions on use
  • Minimising impediments to trade and change of use
  • Consider synchronising transactions- the ‘big bang’

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slide10

2007

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The UK Frequency Allocations 20XX?

Not Allocated

3kHz

Not Allocated

Not Allocated

Not Allocated

Not Allocated

300 GHz

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the contribution of the public sector
The contribution of the public sector
  • Public sector users account for about half use of ‘beachfront spectrum’ in the EU
  • Typically, they- especially defence ministries- are subject to little scrutiny
  • Option 1-encourage spectrum release by monetary incentives and spectrum pricing
  • Option 2-make them part of the market system , as buyers or (more plausibly) sellers
  • see www.spectrumaudit.org.uk

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what level of harmonisation in the eu
What Level of Harmonisation in the EU?
  • Focus on harmonisation of spectrum management techniques, not harmonisation of spectrum use
  • De facto harmonisation will follow from manufacturer/operator interaction, subject to competition
  • EU power needed to harmonise tradable frequencies etc.
  • Digital dividend is a test case.

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