War of 1812
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War of 1812. Called “Second War for Independence”. Causes of the War of 1812. 1. Freedom of the Seas France and England trying to control American trade 2. Impressment of Sailors Merchant ships stopped by British to look for deserters

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War of 1812

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War of 1812

War of 1812

Called “Second War for Independence”


Causes of the war of 1812

Causes of the War of 1812

1. Freedom of the Seas

  • France and England trying to control American trade

    2. Impressment of Sailors

  • Merchant ships stopped by British to look for deserters

  • Chesapeake incident – British opened fire on ship, forced 4 Americans into British navy

  • Jefferson issued the Embargo Act, which prohibited exports to ALL countries – was an economic disaster


Causes of the war of 18121

Causes of the War of 1812

3. Land Hungry War Hawks

  • wanted more land for America expansion, hoped to gain Canada

  • Henry Clay - Kentucky

  • John C. Calhoun - S. Carolina

John C. Calhoun


Causes of the war of 18122

Causes of the War of 1812

  • Trouble on the Frontier

    Tecumseh and brother, Tenskwatawa “the Prophet” wanted Indian alliance against settlers , taught natives to resist white culture

    • Battle of Tippecanoe - Gen. William Henry Harrison defeated Indians (Old Tippecanoe)

    • Congress blames British for Indian uprising, supplying them with weapons

Tecumseh


Causes of the war of 18123

Causes of the War of 1812

Battle of Tippecanoe


Causes of the war of 18124

Causes of the War of 1812

5. National Honor

  • restricting freedom of seas and impressment challenged American Honor

  • fighting for respect


War of 18121

War of 1812

  • President Madison Declared War

    • pushed by House Speaker Henry Clay

    • in his address to Congress requesting war

      • impressment

      • interference with neutral commerce

      • British alliances with natives

Pres.. Madison


War of 18122

War of 1812

America is not ready for war

  • Army of only 12,000, turned to state militia

  • Not enough officers

  • U.S navy small compared to Royal Navy

  • Divided nation

    • war support came from west and south

    • New England States had economic ties with British


War of 18123

War of 1812

  • Important Battles


War of 18124

War of 1812

  • Invasion of Canada fails

  • Lose control of Northwest Territory


War of 18125

War of 1812

  • Naval Victories bolster morale

    U.S.S. Constitution “Old Ironsides” defeats British ship Guerriere

U.S.S. Constitution


War of 18126

War of 1812

  • Washington D.C. is burned

    • British marched in unopposed

    • retaliation for the burning of York, Canada

    • Dolley Madison saves picture of Washington and important documents


War of 18127

War of 1812

  • Siege of Baltimore

    • Americans defend the city and Fort McHenry

    • Francis Scott Key writes “The Star Spangled Banner” (1931)


War of 18128

War of 1812

  • The Treaty of Ghent

    • Restores Pre-War Situation

      1. boundaries between Canada and US are set

      2. demilitarizes the Great Lakes

      3. Oregon Territory placed under joint rule for the next 10 years

      America has “proven” itself as a nation, even though no land changed hands.


The battle of new orleans

The Battle of New Orleans

  • unaware that peace was made British attack

  • Gen. Andrew Jackson is heavily outnumbered but wins – becomes a hero


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