Bottlenose dolphins
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Bottlenose Dolphins. Jenny Harper. Where they ’ re found. Temperate and tropical Surface temp. of 50-90 degrees F Seasonal migration http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/bottlenose-dolphin /. Habitat. Variety—coastal water to open ocean 2 ecotypes—coastal and offshore.

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Bottlenose Dolphins

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Bottlenose dolphins

Bottlenose Dolphins

Jenny Harper


Where they re found

Where they’re found

  • Temperate and tropical

  • Surface temp. of 50-90 degrees F

  • Seasonal migration

  • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/bottlenose-dolphin/


Habitat

Habitat

  • Variety—coastal water to open ocean

  • 2 ecotypes—coastal and offshore


Physical characteristics

Physical Characteristics

  • Size: 6.6–12.8 ft. and 331.5–442 lb.

  • Shape: sleek and stream-lined

  • Skin: smooth/rubbery; gray/white


Senses

Senses

  • Hearing-ranging from 40 to 100 kHz

  • Eyesight-acute vision in and out of water

  • Tactile-sensitive to touch

  • Taste-have taste buds

  • Smell-may have none


Intelligence

Intelligence

  • Human vs. dolphin brain

  • Artificial language/categorize objects

  • Self-awareness

  • Military dolphins

  • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/whales/etc/navycron.html


Intelligence cont

Intelligence cont.

  • Problem-solution

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=j9fFkMyDsfY

  • Use of tools

  • Cooperation with humans

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0GOb3nFpewM


Communication

Communication

  • Navigate, communicate, hunt, and avoid predators

  • Air movements in nasal passage

    http://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/info-books/bottlenose/communication.htm

  • Echolocation

    http://nationalzoo.si.edu/scbi/AquaticEcosystems/Dolphins/AboutDolphins/Echolocation.cfm


Behavior

Behavior

  • Social groups—pods

  • Calf typically stays with mother 3-6 yrs. or more

  • Daily activities

  • Other species—whales, other dolphins, sharks, humans


Life span

Life Span

  • Most 20 years or less

  • Disease/parasites

  • Predators (sharks, killer whales, stingray injuries)

  • Human impact

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4KRD8e20fBo


Resources

Resources

  • http://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/info-books/bottlenose/index.htm

  • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/bottlenose-dolphin/

  • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/whales/etc/navycron.html

  • http://nationalzoo.si.edu/scbi/AquaticEcosystems/Dolphins/AboutDolphins/Echolocation.cfm

  • http://youtube.com

  • http://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi


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